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KENISCAREOI 
THE^DUNDED 



A RECORD QFTHE\^C»KOf THE 
A/QLUNIAFY.AID DETACHMENTS 



KENT'S CARE FOR 
THE WOUNDED 




THE MARCHIONESS CAMDEN 
President, Kent County War Fund. 



KENT'S CARE 
FOR THE WOUNDED 



BY 



PAUL CRESWICK, G. STANLEY POND 

AND 

P. H. ASHTON 



WITH A PREFACE BY 

SIR GILBERT PARKER, BART, M.P. 

{Hon. Col. Kent Royal Garrison Artillery) 



All Profits on Sale given to the Kent County War Fund 



HODDER AND STOUGHTON 

LONDON NEW YORK TORONTO 
MCMXV 






INTRODUCTION 

No nation in the world has the capacity to impro- 
vise and the will to compromise so thoroughly as 
Great Britain, and these characteristics have never 
been shown more fully than during the past ten 
months ; that is, since the Great War began. 
There is in the British nature a curious instinct of 
freedom which, in its highest expression, has made 
Great Britain the mother of freedom in govern- 
ment in the world, and in its lower form makes 
anything like iron discipline imposed by any force 
outside the individual himself more than difficult 
to apply. The instinct of every British man is to 
think for himself, act according to his conscience, 
fear God and honour the King ; but he does not 
easily lend himself to what has been called " mili- 
tarism " in civil life. No doubt he carries that to 
an extreme, and organization on an extensive 
scale is, therefore, difficult in ordinary times. Yet 
his habit of thinking for himself, and of assuming a 



6 INTRODUCTION 

personal responsibility, enables him to recover lost 
balances in crises like that produced in August, 
1914. Given the crisis and the need, action is not 
long delayed, and the Englishman can produce 
marvels of improvised organization in a quicker 
time, with more skill, and with a greater basis of 
solidity than any man anywhere in the world. That 
he has the defects of his qualities is unhappily 
apparent, because he fails to appreciate organiza- 
tion for long purposes and for far-reaching ends ; 
but when once he gets going, as it were, when once 
he begins to organize for his accepted purposes, he 
keeps on and on with endless persistence. 

It was well known that the Red Cross Society 
and the Order of St. John of Jerusalem had an 
efficient and well-tested organization, that they 
were filled with enthusiastic, capable and skilful 
workers ; but they were not organized for a war like 
the present. However, the same earnest, far-seeing 
souls who realized that a great European war might 
come, did something to prepare for the crisis and 
arrange a nucleus of purposed effort by establishing 
Voluntary Aid Detachments in connection with 
the Territorial Force. 

I do not think that enough credit has been given 



INTRODUCTION 7 

to those who originated this idea, or to the enthusi- 
astic people in Kent and elsewhere who worked, 
long before there was war, in preparation of hospital 
work by trained amateurs, with all the multifarious, 
difficult and intricate duties attached to Field 
Hospital and Rest Hospital work in war-time. 
At the beginning there was the usual half-con- 
temptuous chaff, and even sneers, at hospital 
amateurs, as there had been at Volunteers and 
Territorials, by those who believed that only the 
long-term discipline of regular service could pro- 
duce effective and skilful organization, units and 
individuals. These people forgot, as they always 
do, that amateur assistance is drawn from the most 
intelligent and the best classes of the community, 
with a sense of responsibility, and with voluntary 
desire to accomplish a purpose behind ; which 
makes up to a considerable degree for a lack 
of those prodigiously valuable qualities of the 
professional in the army and in hospital work. 
There was criticism ; there was jealousy ; there was 
even belief that the Voluntary Aid Detachments, 
when they were formed, were only playing at 
hospital work ; and when war broke out even 
responsible people said that they would not be 



8 INTRODUCTION 

employed for nursing at all, or, if employed, 
their hospitals would only be Convalescent Homes. 
All that disappeared like mist before the sun. 
Just as the great political parties in the State 
composed their differences and compromised with 
their prejudices in order to produce an active 
national administration, so the British Red Cross 
Society and the Order of St. John of Jerusalem 
amalgamated for war purposes, and the professional 
hospital began to act in sympathy with and to 
give encouragement to the V.A.D. hospital. 

I can speak for what happened in Gravesend 
where we have two V.A.D. Hospitals, where 
representatives of the general hospital sit upon 
the Executive of the V.A.D., and assist, advise 
and co-operate in every possible way. 

No better evidence of the capacity for initiative 
and for improvised organization may be found than 
in the work done by the Voluntary Aid Detach- 
ments in Kent County, under the Presidency and 
control of the Earl of Darnley. When he assumed 
the responsibility the War Office were not 
absolutely clear as to the extent to which the 
Voluntary Aid Detachments could be entrusted 
to do responsible hospital work, and the detach- 



INTRODUCTION 9 

ments themselves were only groups of partially- 
trained amateurs in nursing and war-work, though 
the commandants had shown skill and enthusiasm in 
organizing and training their detachments. There 
was even discouragement " from above " as to 
making ready hospitals for receiving and caring 
for patients. This did not deter the detachments 
from making due preparation of hospitals in the 
certain anticipation that the War Office would use 
them at a very early date. Many detachments 
believed that their skilled services would be 
called upon very soon, when it was remembered 
that the hospital organization of the army was only 
devised for, at the most, 300,000 men. While 
wiseacres deprecated the preparation of hospitals, 
and while the Voluntary Aid Detachments were 
advised in responsible quarters to abstain from 
opening hospitals, yet in places like Gravesend, 
common sense and ordinary prevision decided upon 
a policy of making hospitals ready. This was done ; 
and not a moment too soon, for, on October 13th, 
a command came from headquarters to mobilize 
all hospitals in Kent. But the Voluntary Aid 
Detachments were not taken unawares and re- 
sponded efficiently to the call. The account given 



10 INTRODUCTION 

in this book, admirably written, and arranged 
interestingly, reads like a charming piece of fiction, 
though it is but a tender tract of truth, full of 
enthusiasm, vitality and graphic description. It 
is no fancy picture, but represents British initiative 
and improvisation, British energy and character 
at its best. And as to the work done, the fact 
that the War Office has, since October, continually 
sent patients to the V.A.D. hospitals in Kent, 
sometimes even crowding them, is good evidence 
of their national usefulness and of good things 
accomplished. Lord Darnley and his organization 
may well plume themselves upon the commendation 
given by such hospital experts as Colonel D'Arcy 
Power, whose letter to Dr. Yolland on April 27th 
(quoted in chapter vm) is a certificate of which the 
Kent V.A.D.'s may well be proud. Sir Frederick 
Eve, Advisory Surgeon to the War Office, has 
also given his warm commendation; but the 
warmest commendation comes from the patients 
themselves, who have continually praised the skill 
of the hospital staffs, and enjoyed comforts which 
have been most generously supplied. 

This book is no dry account of work done by a 
gallant and efficient organization, it is almost a 



INTRODUCTION 11 

thrilling story of human effort, suddenly com- 
mandeered to perform both military and civil 
services ; an effort put forth with a capacity and 
whole-heartedness which makes the nation and the 
empire its debtor. I commend this book for its 
own sake to the generosity of the public, and I 
commend it for the cause to which the profits from 
the publication will go. 

GILBERT PARKER 



CONTENTS 

PAGE 

Foreword ...... 15 

CHAPTER I 

How the Belgians Came to Kent . 17 

CHAPTER II 
A Glance Backward .... 23 

CHAPTER III 
Paying the Piper ..... 29 

CHAPTER IV 
The Call ...... 33 

CHAPTER V 

One of Many Vigils . . . .40 

CHAPTER VI 
Stories ....... 48 

13 



14 CONTENTS 




CHAPTER VII 
A Garden Hospital 


PAGE 

59 


CHAPTER VIII 




The Theatre ..... 


63 


CHAPTER IX 






66 


CHAPTER X 




Organisation ..... 


70 


CHAPTER XI 





Stores ....... 78 

CHAPTER XII 

Comparisons not Always Odious . . 82 

APPENDIX 

Work of the Detachments ... 91 

Headquarters ...... 207 



FOREWORD 

To the County Director of the Kent Voluntary Aid 

Detachments. 

Sir, 

I am commanded by the Army Council to 
request that you will convey their cordial thanks 
to the Voluntary Aid Detachments in your com- 
mand, more especially to those of the Dover and 
Folkestone Districts, for the able assistance 
rendered to the Representative of the War Office 
during the disembarkation and disposal of the sick 
and wounded Belgian soldiers, arriving during the 
period 12th to 16th October. 

I am to state that the Council much appreciate 

the assistance rendered by all concerned, which 

materially expedited the handling of the large 

numbers of sick and wounded to be disposed of, 

and mitigated the discomforts which the Belgian 

soldiers were bound to suffer under the conditions 

then existing. 

I am, Sir, 

Your obedient Servant, 

(Signed) B. B. Cubitt. 

November, l'jlh. 




The Rt. Honourable THE EARL OF DARNLEY 
County Director, Kent Voluntary Aid Detachments. 



KENT VOLUNTARY AID DETACHMENTS 



HOW THE BELGIANS CAME TO KENT 

" Three more here, please. Qu'est-ce que vous 
desirez ? Avec votre ami ? Mais oui, certaine- 
ment. Can we squeeze in another ? Carefully 
now. . . . Par ici, m'sieur — South Hill Wood 
Hospital ; come back here again. 

" Cot case ? The Chief of Staff says Memorial 
Hospital ? Bring the stretcher along to the 
ambulance car, keep the blankets over his feet. 
. . . Help them, you other bearers, will you ? 
That's the idea. . . . 

" Four more for the Masonic Hall ; keep friends 
together as much as you can. Two here for the 
Dewey Ward, Cottage Hospital, and two here for 
St. Mary's " 

Scene, Bromley South Station, midday on 

Wednesday, October 14th, 1914 — at the end of 

the up platform. Scores of motor-cars waiting 

along the " goods " roadway ; a grey oppressive 

b 17 



18 HOW THE BELGIANS CAME TO KENT 

sky overhead, but the rain holding off whilst 
the first trainload of wounded and dishevelled 
Belgian soldiers was being detrained with hasty 
tenderness by members of the Men's Voluntary 
Aid Detachment. The nurses of the Women's 
Detachments had already refreshed the valiant 
travellers with draughts of hot coffee and Bovril, 
the ministrations and sympathy of these quick- 
witted smiling angels upon earth being just what 
the poor warriors needed so sorely. A memory 
must have come to them then, fraught with bitter 
pain. 

All about us was a polyglot tongue : French, 
Flemish — the English which we always conceive 
to be the only language a foreigner can under- 
stand. But, somehow, folk made their meanings 
plain, the will to be of service was so irresistible. 

Twelve hours earlier Bromley had been its half- 
sleepy self, a typical country town, rather con- 
scious of its dignity, always eminently respectable, 
and consequently more than disturbed by those 
persistent rumours of all that Germany was doing 
to her very small neighbour. Ugly dreams, sleep- 
banishing dreams, although, like all our country- 
men and women, we wanted to think them dreams 
— that, at the most, exaggeration was responsible 
for the greater part of these tales of horror and 
f rightfulness. Now, within the span of a night, 



HOW THE BELGIANS CAME TO KENT 19 

the whole town had been shocked into that action 
which shows us at our best. No Hymns of Hate. 

The Kent Voluntary Aid Detachments had been 
steadily preparing for this hour. They had been 
mobilised late on the night of Tuesday, Octo- 
ber 13th, and had at first scarcely credited the 
urgency of the summons. " A false alarm, just to 
see if we can live up to all we have professed. Just 
to keep us alert." 

For years past the Detachments had been 
making ready; the members of the British Red 
Cross Society, St. John, and the Territorial Force, 
all vying with each other, and generally being 
smiled upon — tolerantly, by some people. These 
detachments were formed to be the link betwixt the 
Base Hospital and the Field for the Territorial 
Force Association in case of invasion. ... Of 
course, we may never be wanted, most of us 
thought within our hearts, echoing the opinion 
voiced by those outside the movement. Invasion 
— isn't it almost inconceivable ? Still, we may as 
well go on, in case impossibilities happen. Any- 
way, we shall be ready if the call comes. At the 
signal, we can fall in. 

All throughout England many Red Cross workers 
had acted in this fashion, gradually taking them- 
selves more and more seriously, fortunately for the 
country. Attending lectures, drills, camps — Red 



20 HOW THE BELGIANS CAME TO KENT 

Cross manuals in our pockets, marching about 
country lanes with stretchers, sometimes carrying 
lazy pseudo-patients. Perhaps a trifle hard on long- 
suffering relations with our zealous bandage 
practising ! Since the declaration of war on 
August 4th, 1914, all of us more energetic than 
ever, those who could having joined the Army — 
not always the R.A.M.C. Others, not able to pass 
the very rigorous tests imposed in the earlier days 
of national recruiting, now serving to the best of 
their ability. Getting ready, in case. The whole 
history of our Voluntary Aid Detachments serves 
to demonstrate once again that everything in this 
life depends in the main upon intelligent anticipa- 
tion. 

On this mid-October grey day thousands of 
trained men and women — trained to discipline, 
to self-control, to knowledge (at least) of the 
elements of hygiene and home nursing — were 
" making good " all over England. In Kent, 
which had been mobilised as a whole county, 
nearly one hundred Detachments, each with its 
commandant, medical officer, quartermaster (and 
lady superintendent for the women), pharmacist 
and other personnel of all ranks, about forty to 
fifty, were active in a labour of love for which they 
had taken pains to prepare. The scene at Bromley 
South Station was being repeated at every con- 



HOW THE BELGIANS CAME TO KENT 21 

siderable railway centre throughout the country. 
Within fourteen hours of the call, over two thou- 
sand soldiers, Belgians and British, were com- 
fortably in their beds, safe under English roofs, 
being cared for in surroundings as pleasant and 
fragrant as only the true English woman can 
devise. Weary, heart-sick soldiers — many of them 
so utterly exhausted as to be beyond caring what 
happened to them, either for good or ill. Deep 
slumber presently bringing merciful oblivion to 
their unheard-of wrongs and anguish of mind. 

Wonderful hospitals these of Kent — and merely 
examples of what is being done by the Red 
Cross everywhere. Yesterday they had been, 
possibly, not too beautiful village halls, public 
buildings, empty black-windowed houses, forlorn 
in the centre of wintry gardens. Church rooms 
and village clubs. To-day bright somehow sunlit 
palaces, cheery all through, properly equipped — 
looking as though they had been Nature's Rest 
Houses all their days. About them moved blue- 
garbed, white-aproned, sweet-faced women, quietly 
doing the work appointed to them by the doctor 
and trained nurses, the red-drill-clad commandant 
overseeing all, directing here, helping there — 
resourceful, able, never at a loss. 

The whole atmosphere charged with healing and 
love. . . . One might well say (as in The Way of 



22 HOW THE BELGIANS CAME TO KENT 

the Red Cross — the eloquent story of a great 
movement told by E. C. Vivian and J. E. Hodder 
Williams) that not even the Genie of Aladdin's 
lamp could have brought about greater trans- 
formation. 



II 

A GLANCE BACKWARD 

The British Red Cross Society is successor to 
Lord Wantage's " British National Society for 
Aid to the Sick and Wounded in War," and the 
" Central British Red Cross Council." These were 
merged into one on July 17th, 1905, at Bucking- 
ham Palace, at the instigation of his late majesty 
King Edward VII, when the B.R.C.S. was founded 
and placed under the Presidency of her most 
gracious majesty Queen Alexandra. The Society 
was granted a Royal Charter of Incorporation, by 
Letters Patent, on September 3rd, 1908. 

Lord Wantage's Society dated back to 1870, 
the " Central British Red Cross Council " came 
into existence in 1898. The earliest B.R.C.S. 
voluntary aid detachments are dated April, 1910. 

Of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem it is only 
needful to state the fact that a " Hospice for the 
Entertainment of Wayfarers and the Reception of 
the Sick " was built at Ilcxton in Yorkshire in the 
time of King Athelstan, and was still in being in 
1099. The sponsor of the Order was John Elcemon, 
a Greek Patriarch of great charity, of Amalfi, 

23 



24 A GLANCE BACKWARD 

who founded a hospital at Jerusalem before the 
Crusades. This " Place of Entertainment for the 
Sick " had two thousand beds, and was founded 
in 1050. It was possibly the first true hospital 
ever known. The present St. John V.A.D.'s were 
founded in 1910. 

The Territorial Force Association had a few 
detachments in Kent in 1914, these being practi- 
cally drawn either from the ranks of the British 
Red Cross Society or the St. John Association. 

All these detachments, as will be readily 
imagined, are much the same in their methods, 
aim and organisation. The main differences are 
practically those of uniforms and rank badges. 
All stipulate that a member must obtain a First- 
Aid Certificate from the ruling body of its Asso- 
ciation ere being regarded as other than a pro- 
bationer, and all examinations are held after study 
from (virtually) the same book — Dr. James Cantlie's 
universally known First Aid to the Injured. Mem- 
bers of women's detachments are required to 
qualify still further after a course of Dr. Cantlie's 
" Home Nursing " lectures. 

Those in control of the B.R.C.S. and St. John 
detachments in Kent came into consultation, 
immediately upon war being declared, with the 
County Territorial Force Association at Maidstone, 
in order to discover whether the detachments 




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A GLANCE BACKWARD 25 

could not be made even more useful on emergency. 
The Admiralty and War Office had long since 
agreed that all offers of voluntary assistance should 
reach them only through these Societies. The 
three administrative bodies in Kent, after a 
meeting at Maidstone in the very early days of 
August, 1914, decided to join forces for the term 
of the war, and the Kent Voluntary Aid Detach- 
ments, as we know them, were forthwith united 
under a single control. A series of meetings followed, 
culminating in an overflow assembly at Bromley 
Common on August 12th, at St. Luke's Church, 
under the presidency of Lady Northcote. 

It seemed better that there should be one 
County Director rather than two, and eventually 
it was agreed that Dr. Cotton, Deputy Com- 
missioner of the St. John Ambulance Brigade 
and County Director of the Territorial Force 
Association, should be nominated as the Kent 
Voluntary Aid Detachments' County Director, 
while Dr. Yolland, who had practically created 
the B.R.C.S. in the No. 1 division of the county, 
should be known as the Chief of Staff. The whole 
of the detachments were to be mobilised, when the 
signal should come, by the Territorial Force Asso- 
ciation, under the presidency of the Marquis Camden. 

Gifts and all manner of promises of support 
began to pour in at headquarters when these were 



26 A GLANCE BACKWARD 

opened at No. 53 Bromley Common. It was 
apparent that supreme efforts would be needed in 
order to deal with the new and vigorous growth 
of the Red Cross movement, and, in this connection, 
not enough can be said or written in praise of the 
organisation swiftly but surely built up under the 
whole-hearted guidance of the Chief of Staff. 
With his band of devoted workers he mapped 
out a complete plan of campaign, every detail 
being provided for and all contingencies fore- 
seen. Dr. Cotton, who was most unfortunately 
taken ill soon after the scheme was well under 
way, still rendered much help by virtue of 
his great experience and knowledge, when, had 
he followed his physician's advice, he should 
have been taking complete rest. As a result, to 
the great regret of everyone, Dr. Cotton's health 
broke down, and, towards the close of August, he 
tendered his resignation, after having had the satis- 
faction of seeing the Kent V.A.D.'s established as 
a thoroughly sound business proposition. 

At the suggestion of the Territorial Force Associa- 
tion the Right Honourable the Earl of Darnley, him- 
self far from being in robust health, came forward 
patriotically to fill the gap. He took up the onerous 
duties on September 3rd with enthusiasm, labour- 
ing for the cause with tact and ability. Working 
closely with Dr. Yolland, who visited Lord Darnley 



A GLANCE BACKWARD 27 

almost daily at Cobham, progress was continued 
without a break — and, as there was no time to 
register the eager-to-work new detachments, these 
were, by a happy inspiration, allowed to carry on 
as individual " contingents " to existing detach- 
ments. Looking back, one can scarcely understand 
how all the vast quantity of work was got through 
in those days of the creation of the V.A.D. organi- 
sation. 

Lectures had to be arranged, both for First Aid 
and Home Nursing. Medical officers all over the 
country came forward self-sacrificingly to give 
these, or take the consequent examinations. In 
the meantime everybody drilled, and prepared, 
and read-up, and practised. 

The men's detachments, now drawn practically 
from those either too old for military service or 
already rejected (for some slight defect), found 
themselves able and thankful to be of service in 
the hour of need. New members filled the spaces 
left by those of military age who had gone to the 
Front. In this respect the St. John Association 
lost heavily, the members showing themselves 
most patriotic and determined, while the Red 
Cross Society took upon itself to see that there 
should be no consequent loss to the movement. 

To each member of the women's detachments was 
given a list of articles likely to be wanted should 



28 A GLANCE BACKWARD 

a hospital be opened in the district ; a most com- 
prehensive list, drawn up by the hand of a genius. 
Articles of the humblest description were canvassed 
for by the ladies of Kent as well as those implying 
a more serious obligation. It was part of the 
scheme, and the finest part of it, that everybody 
should be able to help, from the highest to the 
lowest. Every promise received was registered, 
then all were classified — the addresses of all friends 
were territorially arranged so that the collection 
could be made with ease and dispatch. ' Get 
ready — get ready " was the constant command— 
and soon there was a splendid array of promises 
of beds, blankets, mattresses — kettles, saucepans — 
every conceivable article that the hospitals were 
likely to need. Suitable buildings throughout the 
length and breadth of the county were urgently 
sought for, and, when discovered, were inspected 
and approved. Necessary structural alterations 
had to be put in hand, adaptations and improve- 
ments and extensions of existent village halls and 
other buildings. Luckily there were a few weeks 
available in which to perfect all plans, before the 
coming of that ever-memorable day for Red Cross 
folk of Kent— Tuesday, October 13th, 1914. 



Ill 

PAYING THE PIPER 

It is neither our desire nor our intention to weary 
our readers by placing before them statistics, but 
it would be impossible to take a complete survey 
of Kent's care for the wounded without making 
some brief reference to the manner in which 
arrangements were made and carried out for placing 
the hospitals on a satisfactory financial basis. 

When the Kent branches of the three Voluntary 
Aid associations amalgamated for the period of 
the war, it was generally recognised that the 
conversion of public and other buildings into 
temporary home hospitals and the cost of their 
maintenance would entail an expenditure over 
and above the sum realised from the daily allow- 
ance made by the War Office. Since that decision 
was arrived at, those who have visited any of the 
hospitals have had ample demonstration of the 
fact. One of the first things to be done, therefore, 
was to devise some scheme for raising a fund 
which could be used to supply such additional 

29 



30 PAYING THE PIPER 

comforts and extra care as should be considered 
necessary. 

It was perfectly clear that, in view of the many 
appeals which were being made throughout the 
country, the fund would have to be provided 
from purely local sources, and to that end an 
influential committee, representative of every part 
of Kent, was called into being under the gracious 
presidency of the Marchioness Camden. This 
Committee soon gave evidence that it was on 
business bent, and a most propitious start was 
made. 

As we have before stated, a large and enthusi- 
astic meeting was held in Bromley during the 
second week in August, when the fund was 
formally launched and an appeal made for £10,000. 
Mr. J. W. Wheeler-Bennett started the campaign 
with a handsome donation, and made a stirring 
appeal to the people of Kent, pointing out that 
the V.A.D. hospitals were legitimately entitled to 
a share of their generosity and benevolence. 

It was soon found the right note had been 
sounded and that Kent was fully alive to its 
responsibilities in this matter. Everyone seemed 
so willing to give in money, service, or kind that 
at one time it seemed that there would be over- 
lapping and confusion. This, however, was happily 
prevented by the circulation of an appeal from 



PAYING THE PIPER 31 

the Right Honourable the Lord Harris, Deputy- 
Lord-Lieutenant of the County, asking that all 
these most patriotic offers of financial and other 
assistance should be made through the Kent 
Voluntary Aid organisation, so that they could be 
directed into those channels whence the greatest 
good could be secured for the greatest number. 

This appeal had the desired effect. Funds and 
stores were collected, and arrangements were made 
for the careful and systematic distribution of the 
gifts received. The readiness with which people 
gave showed that they were proud of their 
county, of their England, standing at the greatest 
crisis in all its splendid and romantic history. 
They remembered that our gallant sons had gone 
across the water not only to maintain the prestige 
of the " Union Jack," but also to fight under a 
banner on which are emblazoned in letters of gold 
the words " International Righteousness, Freedom, 
and Honour." Under these circumstances, the 
least that they could do was to put forth strenuous 
efforts for making adequate provision for the 
reception and treatment of the sick and wounded. 

It was not long before the Executive Committee 
realised that the sum of £10,000 would be in- 
adequate if the hospitals were to be maintained in 
their state of high efficiency and if the patients 
were to continue to receive those extra creature 



32 PAYING THE PIPER 

comforts which were the gifts of a generous public 
When this sum had been collected, therefore, the 
Executive Committee, with their customary pru- 
dence and foresight, decided to make an appeal 
for additional donations to the County Fund, 
in which endeavour the Marquis Camden gave a 
generous lead. The fund is being wisely adminis- 
tered ; and those who can see their way to assist- 
ing, can rest assured that the money available will 
continue to be profitably expended. 




Photo by Grout Engraving Co. 

Dr. J. HORATIO YOLLAND 

County Secretary, British Red Cross Society. 

Chief of Staff, Kent Voluntary Aid Detachments. 



IV 

THE CALL 

It is a matter for cheerful reflection that we are 
necessary to the well-being and harmony of things, 
if this conviction can be reconciled with the per- 
suasion that the sort of work we turn out is com- 
mensurate with a mighty need. Such reflections 
can be legitimately indulged in by the members 
of the Kent Voluntary Aid Detachments. 

Let us remember that the success which is 
attendant upon their work is not the result of a 
few weeks' or months' activity. It is rather 
attributable to the fact that for years past many 
hundreds of women have been toiling unceasingly 
and heroically in an endeavour to obtain that 
degree of efficiency in nursing which should make 
their services valuable in the hour of their country's 
need. 

Such women are the salt of the earth. If they 
were to sit still and fold their hands the wheels 
of the universe would seem to drag heavily. 

When they were undergoing their course of 
training there were many onlookers who regarded 
c 33 



34 THE CALL 

it all as a huge joke and thought that they were 
but spinning worthless cobwebs for the remorseless 
housewife Oblivion to sweep away. But time 
alone can show the value of work and whether it 
has a worth beyond the occupation, stimulus, and 
interest which it furnishes to the minds of the 
workers. 

People may make grand spasmodic sacrifices, 
but to maintain constancy without flaw or damage 
as the V.A.D. members did under the trial of 
criticism and sometimes ridicule is the best proof 
of fidelity. The dignity of their labours and the 
conviction of utility, coupled with the sedative 
and consoling reflection that at any rate they 
would be prepared for any emergency that might 
arise, enabled them to cling with unflinching 
tenacity to the task which they had set them- 
selves. Having put their hand to the plough they 
would not turn back and indulge the world with 
the scandal of a deserted cause. This constancy 
and devotion to self-appointed duties compel 
everyone to admit that these noble women are 
unquestionably serving their generation to-day, 
and England is reaping the reward of their exer- 
tions. 

When war was declared in August, 1914, and 
everyone's thoughts naturally turned to the dread 
possibility of long casualty lists being issued, it 



THE CALL 35 

was considered a very debatable point as to 
whether the services of the Voluntary Aid Detach- 
ments would be called upon to any great extent. 
But everything was prepared in readiness. Two 
months passed by, and then came the summons 
which brought home to the people of Kent more 
forcibly than anything before the fact that England 
was at war. 

It was the night of Tuesday, October 13th. 
The day had been a particularly busy one at the 
headquarters of the Kent organisation, and the 
staff there were contemplating retirement to a 
well-earned rest, when a little after ten o'clock 
came the already well-known sound of the telephone 
bell. Slowly word by word the following startling 
telegram was transmitted from the General Post 
Office, London, and copied down to ensure ac- 
curacy : — 

" Mobilise all your hospitals at once. Notify 
names of places, stations, and number of beds 
available at each to transport officers, Folke- 
stone. Large number of wounded arrive to- 
night. Authority Director-General, A.M.S. 

" Colonel Wilson, S.M.O." 

No longer could thoughts of sleep be enter- 
tained. The call had come, and over one hundred 



36 THE CALL 

commandants had to be communicated with and 
told to summon their detachments into activity at 
once. How was it to be done ? 

A list of those officers who had the telephone 
installed at their houses, or who had arranged to 
receive messages through neighbouring houses so 
provided, were promptly dealt with. That night 
was a busy one at the Bromley Exchange, and 
great credit is due to the operator there for the 
splendid assistance which he rendered. 

In some cases friends were sent in motor-cars 
to waken the people, and in this respect Mr. J. W. 
Wheeler-Bennett rendered a signal service. One 
of the first arrivals on the scene, he went off 
cheerfully with a long list of people in his possession 
to whom the order had to be made known. It is 
curious to note that at one house this well-known 
and highly esteemed magistrate was suspected of 
being a burglar, and it was some time before the 
occupants could be convinced of their mistake. 

Where direct telephonic communication was 
not available the police authorities were called 
upon, and they, too, did their utmost to ensure 
the safe and prompt transmission of the message. 
The replies which were received gave evidence in 
many cases of the lateness of the hour. Consider- 
able surprise was also evinced, and some of the 
conversation was of sufficient interest, not un- 



THE CALL 37 

tinged with a degree of humour, to make it worthy 
of record here. 

" Mobilise the Detachment ? Oh, yes, I will do 
it the very first thing in the morning." — " But 
you must do it now." — " What ! to-night ? " — 
" Yes, without fail." 

" I'll let the Commandant know early in the 
morning." — " But you must notify her at once." 
— " But this is the vicarage." — " Very well, sir, 
then I know everything will be in order." 

" Yes, but I shall want a written order." — " A 
written order, when wounded may now be on their 
way ? " — " Is that so ? Then we will proceed at 
once." 

" Do you really mean to-night ? " — " Yes." — 
" All right ; you can rely on us." 

" But everyone is in bed ! " — " Very well, go 
round and pull them out." 

" Oh ! I thought it would come in the middle 
of the night. That's always the way. — But I'll be 
out and about in a jiffy ! " 

" What will the neighbours say ? But what- 
ever they say, I will get the car out and have all 
our folk up forthwith. Good-bye." 

" Who is it wants me at this time of night ? " — 
" Dr. Yolland." — " Yes, Doctor ? " — " Mobilise 



38 THE CALL 

your detachment and prepare your hospital." — 
"Eh? What? Mobilise at once?"— "Yes, im- 
mediately." — " Right you are, Doctor, I'll get 
round to them." The wire was responsible for a 
prolonged yawn being distinctly heard. This, 
doubtlessly, was the preliminary step. 

As we have already seen, everything had been 
prepared in intelligent anticipation of mobilisation ; 
but, with so urgent and far-reaching a call, it 
seemed possible that, even with Kent's wellnigh 
perfect organisation, some of the wounded men 
might arrive before all the beds were ready. 
Wonders were wrought, however, well within the 
margin of the strictly limited notice given to the 
detachments, which, under the Mobilisation Order, 
comprised those of the British Red Cross Society, the 
St. John Ambulance Association, and the Territorial 
Force Association throughout the county. 

Church halls, parish rooms, and other build- 
ings, all somewhat desolate - looking on a mid- 
October night, were one by one transformed 
into cheery, warm, and extremely comfortable 
wards. The rooms were brightened with flowers 
and with the smiles and smart uniforms of the 
ladies, who had, in company with scores of willing 
workers, toiled unceasingly from the moment of 
the summons. 




J. W. WHEELER BENNETT, Esq., J.P. 
Chairman, Finance Committee, Kent County War Fund. 



THE CALL 39 

Among those who most generously gave up 
their homes, wholly or in part, for use as hospitals, 
and who, in many instances, are also contributing 
the whole or a large portion of the cost of main- 
tenance, are Lady Hillingdon, Lady Sargant, 
Mrs. Ashley Dodd, Mrs. Coombe Baker, Mrs. Vining, 
Lord Darnley, Mr. T. C. Dewey, Sir Robert 
Laidlaw, Dr. Ireland, Mr. Wythes, Sir Everard 
Hambro, Mr. Bennett Goldney, m.p., Mr. H. M. 
Rogers, Mr. A. H. Squire, Mr. Boyd, Mr. Gurney 
Preston, Mr. George Marsham, and Major Powell- 
Cotton. 

In the result, long ere the hospital-trains 
steamed into their respective stations, everything 
was more than ready. Thus, one of the greatest 
triumphs of voluntary civil organisation was 
completed to the very last detail. 



ONE OF MANY VIGILS 

" Train being dispatched with about 150 wounded 
men to-night — arrive before twelve. — Disembarka- 
tion Officer, Dover." 

It was at seven o'clock on Sunday, November 
6th, 1914, that this telegram was received. Plenty 
of time to arrange everything, for we had a 
possible 200 beds in view. The telephone was kept 
going for about an hour ; by then our friends had 
promised us cars in plenty — our commandants 
were giving the finishing touches to new wards or 
completing the making up of further beds in wards 
not too full. The stretcher-bearers were mustered 
at the station by ten-thirty, fires were lit in the 
waiting-rooms. It was an awkward station from 
an ambulance man's point of view, steep flights of 
stairs led from the platforms with sharp turns 
right and left at the top of the flights into a glassed- 
in corridor. Then another turn into the booking- 
hall. 

Many discussions went on as to the best way of 

40 



ONE OF MANY VIGILS 41 

negotiating these obstacles to quick and safe 
transport. The members of the men's detach- 
ment opened and closed stretchers, opened them 
again and, after the orthodox testing of each 
opened stretcher, coaxed light-weight members 
to become temporary patients. These, duly- 
blanketed, were carried not over-solemnly up and 
down the steps ; sometimes the patient was carried 
head first, other times legs first — according to the 
imaginary wounds. 

Nurses arrived with more blankets, alighting 
from cars in which were tea-urns, huge jugs of 
coffee, bottles of Bovril. These were lifted in, and 
further debate arose as to the best possible spot 
for the creation of an impromptu canteen. The 
ladies settled the matter by deciding to be on the 
end of the up platform, near by the foot of those 
still unlovely stairs. " The train must come in on 
this platform and we shall be able to look after 
every patient as he passes by." The station- 
master said that the train might draw up on the 
down platform. You never knew, and it was 
Sunday night, and the down road was open. If 
there were other hospital trains for London, 
following ours, the up road would have to be clear. 

" They'll have to be switched on to the down 
line, and then switched back again when they're 
past us," decided the Commandant — which the 



42 ONE OF MANY VIGILS 

station-master agreed was a reasonable plan. He 
decided to enquire at the signal-box. 

Twelve o'clock drew nigh ; then left us, still 
patient. A thin rain, driven by easterly winds, 
began to find out weak spots in the detachments. 
A sharp stretcher-drill was given to the men by a 
keen quartermaster : up and down the platform 
— never mind the rain ! The ladies decided to 
move the canteen a tiny bit nearer the platform 
waiting-room, where a brisk fire burned in the 
grate. The motor-car owners and chauffeurs 
assembled in the booking-hall, stamping their feet 
and rubbing their hands together. " Any news of 
the train ? " 

The station-master, returning from the signal- 
box, answered with a shake of his head : " Nothing 
yet, sir. I'm afraid it hasn't started." 

" But it's nearly one o'clock ! " 

" Great deal of dislocation at the Dover end, 
sir. They're sure to wire." 

Irrepressible member of the stretcher-bearers 
sees his chance. " You don't wire dislocations, 
station-master. You have to deal with the joint 
first. Get it back through the capsule " 

" Fall in, there ! " snapped the ubiquitous quarter- 
master, suddenly lighting on these two. " Section- 
leaders have their men on the platforms, for foot 
drill. Fall in, sharp." 



ONE OF MANY VIGILS 43 

The rain passed away, the air grew appreciably 
more chill. A luggage-train jolted along the down 
road, banging and groaning. Laden with equip- 
ment, khaki-coloured field guns — all manner of 
unusual goods : " You're not supposed to see any 
of these things," said the station-master. " They'll 
go through all night, now they've started. A 
regular procession of them." A dim notion of 
England's stupendous need — her supreme adven- 
ture, came to us. 

" Last Sunday night I couldn't get to sleep for 
the din," opined one of the bearers, taking 
advantage of a brief " stand at ease — stand 
easy." 

" It was the Russians going through, I expect." 
This from the Irrepressible. 

" We shan't be able to use the down road now. 
You gentlemen will have to be quick when the 
train comes." 

" When is it coming, Station-master ? " 

" No news yet, sir." 

Nearly two o'clock. Past two o'clock. Very 
much " fatigue " parties required to make up the 
fires. Porters busy in the porters' room, behind 
closed doors. " And I don't blame them, either," 
decided the Irrepressible, annoyingly wide-awake. 
" I never want any sleep ; but if I did " 

" You could go to sleep unloading wounded 



44 ONE OF MANY VIGILS 

from hospital trains ? " asked the quartermaster 
bitingly. 

Half-past two. Some of the ladies more than 
quiet in the waiting-room beside the again brisk 
fire. Three o'clock. " Any news, Station-master ? ' 

" Just had a wire to say she's left Dover, sir." 

Lightning calculations on the part of those 
whose brains were yet active : ' That means 
nearly five before she arrives." 

" Left Dover at 2.49, sir, the wire says." 

" It'll be five all the same," declared a pessimist 
suddenly assertive. 

" You're always on the cheerful side, you are. 
I remember what you used to say about the Red 
Cross. Broomstick Brigade, you called us. Jolly 
glad to come in when we'd let you, though." 

" I always said that, given certain eventualities, 
the Red Cross was a splendid movement," com- 
plained the pessimist, unmistakably hurt. ' Of 
course, I didn't expect the Germans would fight 
us, after all." 

" When I remember the splendid spade-work 
done by our Chief of Staff — done unselfishly, un- 
sparingly, at all seasons for the last five years — 
and when I remember how he has been supported 
by the Red Cross women of Kent, who have made 
themselves able to do the work they're doing so 
splendidly. When I remember the gratitude of 




notos by 1 1 . Palfi ey Han 

Refreshment whilsl Detraining. 
Loading the Cars. 



ONE OF MANY VIGILS 45 

the poor chaps we've already brought in, and how 
they've been cared for and nursed and rewarded 
in some little way for all that they've done for us, 
and when I recollect that some people used to 
laugh at our Chief — not openly, because they were 
too polite — but laughing really, and regarding him 
as a good fellow utterly mistaken — you know 

what I mean " 

The speaker checked himself. " I get carried 
away when I get a view of what duffers some of 
us were. How blind ! Never thought the Germans 
would fight us after all, eh ? Wasn't it lucky one 
of us could see ! Lucky one of us could have the 
nerve to go on. Just think what Kent is already 
doing, and imagine what Kent will do, now that 
our organisation is perfected. A crusade, indeed ! 
I'm humbly grateful not to be too old to take part 
in it. Do you fellows know that some of these 
men here, these stretcher-bearers, have paid for 
others to take their duty so as to be able to attend 
drills and lectures ? In peace time, too ! Drawn 
from all ranks ; they're postmen, gardeners, 
clerks, employers, big City men. Some of them 
come to drill in their motors, others with their 
tools in a bag across their shoulders. Fall in ! 
They're all comrades at once. And the women ! 
God bless them — as the soldiers bless them, for all 
their love, and tenderness, and patience, and cheer- 



46 ONE OF MANY VIGILS 

fulness. Merry hearts that go all the way. They 
didn't ' fall in ' in their present order without 
having trained, and studied, and kept at it for 
years past. See them working in the hospitals, 
see them down here losing their night's rest — but 
going on duty to-morrow, despite all that. No 
grumbling 

The speaker seemed quite ashamed after this 
outburst. But there was nothing to be ashamed 
about. He had talked it " off his chest " — and 
felt better. Everybody agreed with him — and he 
had lightened the weary waiting. So we forgave 
him magnanimously for being a — man of Kent ! 

Four o'clock. Four - thirty. The continuous 
procession of heavy, mysterious luggage trains had 
almost ceased to interest. It was certainly a very 
long night. Some of us yawningly fancied we 
could distinguish dawn in the eastern sky ; others 
declared for a late moon. But all disputing ended 
with the vision of the station-master signalling 
from down the line with his red lamp. " She's 
coming — she's round the bend. Hear the brakes ? 
Hurry them up with the coffee ; tell the bearers 
to stand by. She's in — jingo ! mustn't the poor 
beggars feel absolutely worn out ! " 

Then a strange scene for this country platform, 
under the flickering, sighing gas lamps. A sad 
scene, one to make angels weep . . . the sweet 



ONE OF MANY VIGILS 47 

veil of early morning obscured the very worst. . . . 
But the pity of it ! . . . " Jealousy cruel as the 
grave " — never truer words in the Book of Books. 
The outcome of bitter jealousy in this piteous 
procession of yet living testimonies to a ferocity 
far worse than that of beasts of prey. These our 
brothers — behold them, shamefully wounded, foully 
injured, scarce covered in their rags and mire ; their 
homes, so laboriously builded, now a mass of red 

and smoking ruins ; their wives and little ones 

It does not bear remembering, the ending of our 
vigil ; one of many, which, strange enough at the 
outset, are now part of the ordinary routine. It 
only bears remembering how, under Providence, 
we were able, in our clumsy fashion, to comfort 
them a little, and be, for once, men and women 
less utterly unworthy of having been made in His 
likeness. 



VI 

STORIES 

" You cannot understand the feeling one has 
when the order comes for you to leave the trenches 
to capture those of the enemy," said an iron-grey 
Seaforth, discussing the eternal subject with the 
Commandant of the cheerful little hospital in which 
this quietly brave fellow had been a patient. He 
was a Territorial, an old " London Scottish " who 
had joined the 4th Seaforths immediately upon 
the call. An " old bachelor " as he called himself ; 
keen, well-educated, experienced — but in saying 
he was thirty-nine one could not hurt his feelings. 
Rather the contrary ! 

" To anyone of imagination it's rather awful," 
he went on. " I'm not a coward. At least, I have 
never thought of myself that way until we had the 
order. . . . You know then that it's Death who 
may be whistling for you. You can't help fearing 
that you're taking an odds on chance of being 
smashed, of becoming unidentifiable, of being 
flung into an anywhere grave. Nobody to know 

any more about you, until Well, perhaps 

never. Reported missing. 

48 



STORIES 49 

" Somehow, you find you're out of the trenches, 
plunging forward over scarred, horrible ground, 
not the sweet earth you've known, but the land of 
a nightmare. The air about you full of bleak 
noises — that deafen, yet don't take away your 
sense of hearing. Some of this infernal row is 
coming from yourself: you're screaming yourself 
hoarse and don't know it. You see your pals shot 
down either side of you, bullets go singing by your 
ears — the big guns roaring behind are as dangerous 
as those of the other fellow's. Your own artillery 
— we had thirty fifteen-inchers, so they said — is 
shelling the enemy's trenches for you, as a pre- 
liminary. They're timed to cease fire just as 
you re timed to arrive. Some of our men were a 
bit too previous. 

" Few things go exactly right, you know," he 
added. "Young Elliott. . . . Well, it had far 
better have been me. He's an only son, public- 
school boy ; fine chances before that lad. And 
he wasn't spoilt, nor likely to be. Things threw 
us together whilst wc were at the depot at 
Bedford, and afterwards, too, — ' Somewhere in 
France.' He had put in for a commission, but, 

after we got to know each other You see, I'm 

too old for rank. ... A lovable chap who could 

act like that 

" We were side by side at the beginning of that 

D 



50 STORIES 

mad race ; then he drew ahead, younger legs and 
a bigger courage. He was first man in the German 
trenches at Neuve Chapelle. I like to talk about 
that, although you've heard it often enough from 
me. Then, one of our own shells came screeching. 

" I got there, amid all the scrimmage and din. 
Jumped down on top of a German who was stoop- 
ing over something. He seemed to go out, like the 
flame of a candle — blown out — puff ! I don't 
recollect quite what happened, only that presently 
we had cleared the trench. Three hundred in that 
trench and only seventy-five were taken prisoners. 
There was a kind of zigzag communication to the 
next line of trenches ; our fellows — Fourth Army 
Corps, you know — were being shot down fast as 
they got to the opening. I saw one of ' Ours ' 
get through, at last ; then I got stuck in the 
back — a flesh wound, but it stung ! Rotten luck ! 
The slush at the bottom of those trenches was 
pretty bad. Thought I should choke in it. But, 
even so, I wasn't afraid any more. Only angry, 
sick with anger. When they brought me into the 
hospital it was just the same. 

" We were in the base hospital for one night. 
Heavy fighting, heavier casualties. ' Get 'em across 
to England fast as you can.' So we came to Dover 
and waited long hours at the Disembarkation 
Office — and I remembered that boy every minute. 



STORIES 51 

Could see him, you know, just as he jumped the 
trench. . . . I've told you about that, haven't I ? 
We hadn't a notion where we were going ; but, 
soon as we detrained, there was young Elliott. . . . 
Being carried by two of your bearers. It was good 
to see him, although 

' Someone helped me to him, and I caught hold 
of him. Anyhow, — just to feel he was safe home. 
. . . They let us go together in the same car, and we 
came to you. We have been very happy here, and 
you know we're grateful. But now I'm at the end of 
my furlough and going back ; while young Elliott's 
crippled and deformed for the rest of his days. 

' It might have been much worse ? That's so. 
What I mean is, that if it had been me it wouldn't 
have mattered so much. He is a youngster, 
whereas I've had something of a fling. . . . You'll 
tell him I called ? That I'm jolly glad he has been 
able to go for a drive ? To-morrow I'll be in 
France again, but I'll write. You might say to him 
that I'll write for certain sure. That I won't 
forget. . . . He'll understand." 

Another story comes from a Leinster. An un- 
exploded bomb fell in the trench. It meant one 
man's life, or many. So he disobeyed orders and 
climbed out of the trench, with the bomb clutched 
against his breast. It exploded as he was flinging 



52 STORIES 

it from him, both hands held above his head to 
get better impetus. He has two fingers only on 
his right hand now ; only the use of his thumb on 
the left. " If I hadn't thought to hold it high I'd 
be a dead man this day. So I would. And if 1 
tould 'em it would lose me a good conduct stripe 
for disobeying order-rs ! I'll have to learn to work 
w T ith me feet — but I'll not be the first to do that. 
There was Cassidy, the Arumless Wonder. I see 
him play cards with his toes, the blessed creature, 
and shuffle the pack like a Christian. And fire off 
a pistol and all." 

Another — from a Belgian soldat de Ligne. 
Rheumatism — through standing in water-logged 
trenches for nearly a week. He had been garfon 
de cafe in the Boulevard D'Anspach at Brussels 
before the war. A conscript who, after a week's 
rough training, had fought like a veteran for the 
honour of his outraged country. He had a little 
house in the suburb of Uccle, near by the Hotel 
Terminus. Had been swept across to England 
from Antwerp in the great rush of mid-October, 
1914, utterly unable to get news of his home and 
family. One afternoon in November, whilst drag- 
ging himself along the High Street under the gentle 
escort of a Red Cross " orderly," our patient sud- 
denly uttered a cry of joy, and, losing hold of his 




T3 
CD 






fc.0 

'5 

o 






c 



CQ 



2 





STORIES 53 

crutch- stick, fell forward into the arms of his wife 
a refugee, brought by miraculous chance to a 
Bromley home. 

One more — from a Lincoln this time — told as 
he was being motored across to the military hos- 
pital, to be discharged to furlough. " Four of us 
brothers there was, sir — two of us wounded like 
me, and one killed in action. Not a bad record. 
And my sister's husband — that's my brother-in- 
law, you understand — he's going out this week. 
There's good work out there, sir — something to be 
done. And mighty good fellers doing their bit. 
A fine life, if you look at it the right side up. I was 
on the reserve, but, bless you, we didn't need no 
second summons. Four of us, and one's killed. 
Had his back to the wall in Saint Eloore, and fell 
face forrard. Plenty of pluck in young 'Erb. I 
left another great pal o' mine there, too — dead on 
the field. Saunders was his name — a good 'un as 
ever breathed. Funny thing, last Monday after- 
noon, just about tea-time, somebody comes asking 
for me at the door. I goes to meet him — and — 
didn't I think it were a ghost ! There was old 
Saunders, alive and well. You bet I wasn't half 
glad. Bullet went clean through him and knocked 
him flat. But hadn't done no harm. You take 
my meaning ? Funny thing they should bring him 



54 STORIES 

to the little hospital other end of the town, wasn't 
it ? He asked if there was any other Lincolns, 
that's how he found me. He come from the military 
hospital where we're going, only last Monday — to 
what they calls convalesce. A small world, 
ain't it ? " 

This is not properly a story, but an account 
given to one of our officers by a Canadian con- 
cerning his part in the attack at Hill Sixty. It 
seems that they were drilling, more or less peace- 
fully, some way behind the fighting. '* Having 
a stand-easy, sir, with a little refreshment — it 
being long after tea-time. Suddenly we heard a 
great shouting over and above the noise of the 
guns, and, looking round, we saw the Frenchmen 
running back to us from their trenches. Little 
black and blue dots, growing into men, and more 
men : shouting, crying, and calling out to us. 
What's the matter, what has happened ? Some- 
thing about their guns, that's what they're say- 
ing. The sergeant called us up smartly. In a 
minute or so he had his orders, too : we were to 
join the rest and go forward. The French got into 
order again ; their officers stopped the shouting 
and sent them to the rear trenches. The Germans 
had collared some guns ; had rushed them under 
cover of gas-poison. We couldn't rightly make 



STORIES 55 

out whose guns they were, whether British, or 
Belgian, or French. Anyway, they were gone 
— and we had to go after them. . . . We made 
the attack at about two o'clock in the morning, 
the guns having been located at a farm close 
to a little wood. Artillery, high explosive, pre- 
pared the way, but there wasn't quite enough of 
it — and the big guns were in strength. Four 
battalions of Canadians — Queen's Own, Toronto — 
and others ; but not many got back. It did seem 
strange, that charge across the fields, dark and 
cold, with a blowing rain ; all sorts of queer 
frightening noises, too. The Germans soon spotted 
us, but we were well spread out in skirmishing 
order. We got through the entanglements pretty 
well ; they hadn't had time to properly fix them. 
Then a big blaze shot up, some sort of coloured fire 
— to help them find us. I saw the farm against the 
trees, saw our men running forward. We didn't 
make too much fuss, just running clumsily along. 
We had our packs, blankets, everything — you 
couldn't get much of a move on. It seemed wonder- 
ful I wasn't hit ; I remember thinking how very 
wonderful it was. The bullets were singing all 
over the field. . . . Presently a machine gun 
rattled out — but our boys were through. Noise 
enough then, regular pandemonium. Just as I 
reached the wood — smash went my arm ! Like 



56 STORIES 

a dry stick breaking. . . . Dropped my rifle, and 
down on my knees ! First I gave up — lost my 
nerve. Thought I was dead. Laid in a ditch 
by the side of the wood for a bit ; then tried to 
crawl along. Had to get rid of my pack, and could 
only use my left hand. The other felt numbed, 
very queer — not exactly pain, or else pain too bad 
to be felt. You understand that, sir ? And the 
noise going on, groanings, and cries and whistling 
reports. Lights flaring ; then wet darkness. I 
crept along the ditch for about a mile. Full of 
water and filth it was. I managed to find shelter 
in a little outbuilding, and stayed there till 
morning. Wondering about my wound — couldn't 
tell whether it was really bad, or not. My wrist 
and hand were all swelled like the dropsy. I 
managed to get back into our lines, and heard 
that our boys had spiked the guns as they couldn't 
get them home. And the wood and the farm 
were no man's land. Leastways, no living man 
was there. . . . Scarcely a third of our fellows 
left — but they had done their bit. The Germans 
won't forget the Queen's Own, Toronto. . . . 
I'm going along fine, thanks. Shattered wrist and 
forearm ; it's all written on that little board top 
of my bed. I'd like to have seen the end of the 
fight. Bad luck, after being so close in at the 
finish." 



STORIES 57 

Something about the gas fumes — from a 2nd 
Seaforth : " I was in the rear trenches. Sniping 
all day — some of those Germans can shoot ! Ye 
can't put your cap on the end of your rifle and 
hold it up, without they'll score a bull. Mac- 
farlane was a King's man, though. He had shown 
them some very pretty shooting that day from 
the first trench. But Ave were tired, ye ken. 
It was near ' relief,' and a steady wind blowing 
from the south-east. Mac had taken a peep to 
see whether we had long to wait. There's a fog 
coming, he passes the word ; about the last he spoke. 
There was something wrong, we soon knew — and 
I made bold to climb up. There it was, green 
thick smoke, rolling along low down over the 
ground like a laddie bowls his hoop. About the 
height of a man's breast, and clinging to the earth, 
sinking into the trenches like water almost. I got 
a whiff of it and fell back, my eyes streaming and 
my throat all dry. It gets a grip of ye. The rear 
trenches didn't feel the worst of it, and we were 
able to do some fighting. They didn't have it all 
their own way. Many of them died in our trenches, 
thinking they would take them so easily. I got 
a cut through the leg ; don't know how it was. It 
looks ugly, but doesn't signify now any more than 
at the time. The ambulance fetched me away, 
but I didn't want to go, although I couldn't see. 



58 STORIES 

At the base they gave me sea-water to drink, and 
made me sick. And saved my life. My lungs 
feel it yet ; but if you could have seen the poor 
fellows lying dead, as I did see them. They 
do it this way, sir. The gas is in phials and 
they put these phials along the top of the advanced 
trench. When the word comes, they take out the 
stoppers and make a dash for the trench behind 
them. The gas rises up out the phials, and the 
wind blows it. Turns your inside all to water and 
froth ; kills all the grass and everything it touches. 
Doctor here has given me some medicine that's 
doing me good. But I had only a whiff, you must 
understand. Macfarlane was the grand marksman ; 
it's a pity and a shame he's gone in such a poor 
fashion. He was with me all through the South 
African Campaign, and always a bonny fighter, 
to say the very least. A brave kindly man that 
played fair all his life." 



VII 

A GARDEN HOSPITAL 

Not very far from the coast of north-east Kent, 
swept by its bracing air, yet sheltered by a ring of 
great trees from the first chilliness of our English 
winds, is that rest house for the sick which Kent 
knows as the Garden Hospital. A field road 
approaches it, but lamps are placed along the 
curves of this pleasant way, which can be lit, or 
extinguished, at will of the engineer in the power 
house. After you leave the field road the " way " 
winds under the belt of trees and brings you round 
into one of the fairest gardens in all the Garden 
County of England. In the early Spring, masses of 
primroses and violets show through the decayed 
fallen leaves of last Autumn, as you pass the tree 
enclosure — the garden itself is a series of stretches of 
velvet lawns banked by high beds of herbaceous 
plants and shrubs, which already are more than 
promising the wealth of Summer. Gay auriculas 
mingle with the white and purple arabis bordering 
the beds : near you is the rosery, the standards 
and dwarfs pruned, but breaking through in a 
manner which almost defies late frosts. 

59 



60 A GARDEN HOSPITAL 

A long many-gabled typically English country- 
house faces the garden. An oak-roofed hall leads 
you by a gallery staircase to that part of the house 
still occupied by the generous owners : to the left 
of the spacious oak hall are the other halls, high- 
roofed, — the two large enough to provide floor 
space for forty beds. The owner is a big game 
hunter, and these " museums " were filled with 
the mighty framework of the great beasts he has 
captured. Were filled — now all are removed, or 
covered up — close-stored against the walls : neat 
plain-framed iron bedsteads, furnished with whole- 
some linen, and each covered with dainty bed- 
spreads of pink and blue, line the halls. A few 
huge palms throw across the passage ways of these 
great halls their spreading umbrella leaves — the 
roof is glassed in ; the place is beautifully warmed 
with radiators, which can be regulated to a nicety. A 
tiled floor, along which strips of matting are placed 
in the bed aisles, makes for thorough cleanliness 
combined with silence. Such are the Garden 
Hospital wards ; removed from them yet easily 
accessible, is a kitchen replete with every modern 
contrivance and staffed by capable devoted women 
who undertake willingly this part — perhaps the 
most important part — of Kent's care for the 
wounded. For this is one of the outstanding 
features of its crusade, the commissariat department. 




I 'hi >to by Stringer, I antei bui v. 

Dr. CHARLES COTTON 

Deputy Commissioner, Commanding No. VIII (South 

Eastern) District, St. John Ambulance Brigade. 



A GARDEN HOSPITAL 61 

A liberal weekly menu is arranged, so that 
variety may induce appetite. This rule applies all 
over the county, and very instructive are the 
housekeeping bills when they come before the 
Committee — as they do once a month. As a whole, 
the provisioning is most capably done — now and 
again a quartermaster's personal leanings are 
indicated. At least, so think the Committee ! 

At the Garden Hospital all is very methodical. 
The staff are just as gently enthusiastic as when 
they commenced work in October. Even in the 
Autumn the garden was very pleasant between 
showers — the paths being well made, hard, and 
soon dry, while many of the trees are evergreen. 
The dahlias were followed by border chrysanthe- 
mums, then, in all the sheltered spots, pure 
white Christmas roses opened their waxen petals. 
In the conservatories " show ' ! chrysanthemums 
lasted until the end of January : a few of these 
were brought into the wards each morning and 
removed at dusk. There is an " entertainment " 
room, provided with a piano, all the newspapers, 
the inevitable gramophone, and free tobacco and 
writing materials. 

The medical officer reports many wonderful 
cures from the Garden Hospital, so that now it is 
being used much more as a convalescent home — 
that many may benefit rather than a few fortunate 



62 A GARDEN HOSPITAL 

ones, as were allocated there in the first rush. A 
large annexe has been fitted up, near to these 
literally scores of acres of land and gardens, and 
cosy woods ; the staff has been increased, so that 
the nurses and orderlies may occasionally have a 
little " time off " for their own relaxation. 

Apart from all their unostentatious kindness the 
owners arrange much of the transport of wounded 
for the district, marshalling a fleet of cars whenever 
necessary. In this they are whole-heartedly 
supported by their friends and neighbours. Every- 
body in Kent is anxious to help, and more than 
willing to help when asked — which is not always 
the same thing ! 

It is not remarkable that few patients desire to 
leave this hospital, even when entirely restored to 
health and strength. 



VIII 

THE THEATRE 

A few words here on a typical operating theatre. 
Kent has supplied many of these, and all the 
greater V.A.D. hospitals are thoroughly able to 
carry a case right through to convalescence. Kent 
has the best of trained advice — let that fact be 
clearly and emphatically stated. Trained nurses, 
either salaried or unsalaried, as their position and 
they themselves demand ; and the best and most 
modern surgeons that the country has produced. 
These are at our disposal at all hours. One has 
to state facts plainly, sometimes. 

The theatre under review is truly but one of 
many ; well equipped, beautifully hygienic, and 
properly warmed. Conveniently adjoining the 
ward — no long draughtv corridors to be traversed 
whilst the patient is being brought in. Complete 
X-ray apparatus, the latest in sterilisers, instru- 
ments and methods of administering anaesthetics. 
An overhead light by day, perfectly shaded light- 
ing for night : everything orderly, systematic, and 

63 



64 THE THEATRE 

as right as human tenderness and ingenuity can 
devise. 

Shrapnel and bullet extractions, trephining, 
radical cures for hernia, resetting of fractures only 
hastily attended to on the field, amputations when 
necessary, are all performed without any hitch. 
All dressings are aseptic in Kent hospitals, and 
kept so — injections are made on the most recent 
plan : the serum is received in small bottles with 
a rubber elastic cap, which when pierced allows 
the needle to draw up the fluid ; when the needle 
is withdrawn the puncture automatically closes. 
This is the Mulford syringe. 

After the first month it was ordered that no 
Belgian soldier should be sent to Folkestone for 
return to service unless he had been twice in- 
oculated against typhoid. In many hospitals this 
was done by the medical officer of the detachment 
with perfect success. The risk of tetanus also is 
similarly guarded against — in fact our V.A.D. 
hospitals are second to none in equipment or the 
ability to deal with any contingency. 

The following letter from Colonel D'Arcy Power 
is a testimony valued highly by the detachments, 
as, in the opinion of this well-known and eminent 
surgeon, it seems we have succeeded in attaining 
the point at which we have aimed — to have, at 
least, deserved our success. 



THE THEATRE 65 

' 10a, Chandos Street, 

"Cavendish Square, W. 
" April 27th, 1915. 
" Dear Dr. Yolland, 

' I have, as you know, seen much of your 
work in the Kent Voluntary Aid Detachments 
round Bromley, and I have operated in your 
improvised theatres. The work you have done 
and are doing is excellent. The essentials of suc- 
cess are with you ; cleanliness, a good water supply, 
willing service on all hands, and a capable super- 
vision by trained nurses. The operative results, 
therefore, have been satisfactory, whilst the 
general condition of patients with wounds has 
been so good that they rapidly become con- 
valescent. It is difficult to speak too highly of 
the sacrifice of home and comfort which has been 
made, not only uncomplainingly, but even with 
enthusiasm, by those ladies who have placed their 
houses unreservedly at the disposal of the patients 
for months at a time. 

" Yours ever, 

" D'Arcy Power." 

Sir Frederick Eve, Advisory Surgeon to the War 
Office, has frequently inspected the Kent V.A.D. 
hospitals, and has also expressed himself as 
thoroughly well satisfied with them. 

E 



CHAPTER IX 

A KITCHEN 

We touched so lightly on the Commissariat 
Department in a previous chapter that we feel 
justified in devoting a page or so to this very 
important feature of the work. 

For this purpose we will take you on a flying 
visit to one of the hospitals. Five o'clock in the 
morning ! The distant horizon is just becoming 
tinged with a brightness which indicates the ap- 
proach of day, as we arrive at a large and con- 
veniently situated building over which a flag 
bearing the emblem of the Geneva Convention is 
faintly seen. 

Passing under the portico, the door is opened to 
admit us into a spacious hall, a side-passage from 
which brings us to that part of the building which 
is customarily haunted by appetising odours. 
The scene which strikes the eye on entering the 
kitchen is one of neatness and precision, suggest- 
ing that everything is comfortably to hand. 

The nurses are just entering upon the prepara- 
tion of breakfast for some fifty patients, and 

66 





An Operating Theatre. 
Photo by < 'ooling, < )hislchurst. 



'Those now in 
Photo by fi 





y on the Land ..." 
inson, Rarnsgni 



The Hospital Kitchen. 
I Bcrkenl 



A KITCHEN 67 

their deftness of movement and generally brisk 
appearance give no evidence of their eight hours' 
vigil. 

Here one is cutting up loaves of bread and 
spreading the slices with rich-looking butter which 
seems to tell of green fields gaily besprinkled with 
clover heads. There crockery, shining in its spot- 
lessness, is being arranged on numerous trays in 
readiness to be circulated in the wards ; and rows 
of teapots, milk- jugs, and sugar-basins are being 
placed ready to contribute their contents for the 
production of that time-honoured beverage which, 
on account of its invigorating properties, is so 
welcome in the early morning. 

Some time having been pleasantly spent in 
watching these operations, we now hear sounds 
issuing from other parts of the hospital, which 
show that the patients are stirring and preparing 
to break their fast. This is the signal for numerous 
eggs to be placed in a large pot of boiling water, 
and for large pots of jam and marmalade to make 
their appearance. 

The minutes have passed quickly owing to the 
interesting information which the nurses have im- 
parted in reply to our many and varied enquiries. 
Some shreds of the conversation are worthy of 
repetition here. 

Do the patients appreciate their meals ? 



68 A KITCHEN 

Oh, yes, they seem to thoroughly enjoy the food, 
and they never make any complaints. 

They certainly ought not. At what time do 
they have dinner ? 

One o'clock. But each man has either cocoa or 
milk at half-past ten. Directly the breakfast 
things are washed up and put away the day staff 
come in and commence preparations for dinner. 

What is the general menu for the midday meal ? 

Those patients who are on ordinary diet have 
meat, two vegetables, and as much pudding as 
they desire. 

What kind of puddings ? 

Mostly plain ones made with plenty of eggs and 
milk, and all the ingredients are of the very best 
quality. You can quite understand that the 
morning is fully occupied here in getting every- 
thing ready — for there is also the special dietary 
to be considered. Some of the patients have to be 
very cautiously fed. 

Is tea provided ? 

Yes, at five o'clock. They have bread and butter, 
with cake or jam, and sometimes both. 

That is the last meal of the day ? 

No. They have a light supper at half-past 
seven. What do we give them ? Oh, various 
things. Bread and cheese with cocoa, soup, or 
fish-cakes. 



A KITCHEN 69 

We hurry away after being allowed to inspect 
a nicely arranged and well-stocked larder. But 
we carry with us very happy impressions of the 
Commissariat Department of a V.A.D hospital. 
From a dietary point of view at any rate these 
men have an enviable time. Let us take just a 
peep into the large ward before passing out. What 
a happy family ! We leave them to their repast, 
mentally congratulating the Commandant and her 
Staff on the splendid management — and on the 
fact that the expenditure here is kept within the 
limits of the Government capitation grant of two 
shillings per day. 



CHAPTER X 

ORGANISATION 

The Kent Voluntary Aid Detachments have 
been put to the test. They have justified the 
high hopes always held of them by those who 
have seen the labour of past years. They have 
become very much more than their original 
modest ambition, which was to be of use in 
case of invasion. The Kent V.A.D. are, at the 
moment of writing, practically a voluntary Royal 
Army Medical Corps, fulfilling precisely the same 
ends and purposes as that distinguished body. 
These two are now almost one and indivisible ; 
it is difficult to say where either begins or leaves 
off. The R.A.M.C. is responsible for all removals ; 
whilst, at the request of the Eastern Command, 
the Kent V.A.D. remain under the Territorial 
Force Association for administrative purposes, 
under their County Director. The three great 
Military Hospitals in Kent — the Royal Herbert 
Hospital at Woolwich, Fort Pitt at Chatham, the 
Military Hospital, Shorncliffe — are the three centres, 
staffed and controlled by the R.A.M.C. To these 

70 




u 
C 

c 

3 
a) 



a! 
^-» 

B 
> 

a3 

G 

15 

05 



.  ' 




': 



ORGANISATION 71 

the Kent V.A.D. Hospitals are attached in their 
respective groupings, and to these three they pay 
allegiance. Our hospitals have become auxiliaries 
of these centres, taking overflow cases, or receiving 
convoys direct as ordered. All maintenance claims 
are rendered through the parent hospital, all 
admissions are notified to it ; all British discharges 
are made through it. The Belgian soldiers are dis- 
charged either to Folkestone, for immediate service 
abroad, or through the Legation in London if unfit 
for service. 

In the early days of mobilisation the Red Cross 
hospitals, acting under instruction, sent away 
many hundreds of convalescent Belgian soldiers to 
homes all over Britain. The transport in this 
matter was something to remember — by those who 
had to carry it through. It seemed good to the 
authorities that that part of the Belgian Army 
which was temporarily hors de combat should be 
distributed throughout the length and breadth of 
the country. Collecting these strangers in a strange 
land in small numbers from widely separated 
hospitals in order to make them up into parties 
worth sending to such homes as the Lady Forester 
at Llandudno, the Soldiers' Home at Dunoon, 
homes so far afield as Kenneth Mont, near Aber- 
deen, and Shouldham Court at Yeovil, and a dozen 
other places — was a task which one does not lightly 



72 ORGANISATION 

forget who had any part in it ! The trains to be 
stopped at certain stations, the extra carriages to 
be provided, the anxiety of keeping your party 
intact all through the journey, with dozens of 
interested but rather bothersome folk ever ready 
to " stand treat " to the men the moment you 
were looking the other way ! The transport across 
London from South-Eastern termini to those of 
the other great systems ; the feeding of the poor 
fellows on sixteen-hour journeys. . . . These are 
things to remember all your days, if you have 
the duty of escorting and organising. 

Discharges are now all British, and are made 
through the portals of the three military hospitals, 
emphasising the fact that the V.A.D. hospitals are 
annexes, as already stated. They are under military 
law, and conform to it willingly ; they are open to 
surprise inspection by the military doctors ; they 
cannot transfer a patient from any one hospital to 
another without military permission. So closely 
allied are the R.A.M.C. and the V.A.D. that 
requests are now urgent for the latter to supply 
the former with nurses, who, once they enter one 
of the military hospitals, will cease to be voluntary 
workers, and will receive their pay with the rest 
of the military nurses. 

What the V.A.D. have saved the country 
cannot be properly estimated. Everything 1 is 



ORGANISATION 73 

voluntary. The War Office pays, on an average, 
something under three shillings per capita per 
night, for food allowance — that is the sole and only 
charge on the National Exchequer. 

That is practically " billeting " allowance ; and, 
for the first four months, the grant was but 
two shillings per man per night. This amount 
includes everything : dressings, medical stores, 
transport to and from the military base, the nurse, 
the doctor, and the whole organisation. Of course 
we have had our buildings rent free, rates and 
taxes have been remitted, other splendid advan- 
tages have been freely accorded by those able to 
help. 

The doctors give a great part of their valu- 
able time willingly and gladly to the hospitals 
to which they are attached ; ladies do orderly 
work, any work, apart from their nursing, to help 
along. Friends send in food and milk and a score 
of things to assist the commissariat. Thus each 
hospital manages to keep out of bankruptcy, 
although, when we had the smaller grant, some of 
our hospitals came perilously near to insolvency. 
The Kent County War Fund put them on their 
feet, and kept them there. 

Each hospital knows what it can do, and each 
quartermaster strives in friendly rivalry with her 
neighbours in the county. When a hospital 



74 ORGANISATION 

planned to run forty beds finds itself averaging 
about eighteen patients per day it is not easy to 
keep within the limits. Heating, lighting and 
general upkeep of the building is exactly the same 
whether there are eighteen or forty patients. To 
make the proposition a business one it is necessary 
to keep our beds filled. 

The larger allowance of three shillings meets 
the case only if the beds are well occupied. Well 
occupied they are, when our soldiers are being 
cared for in them, and the Commandant's great 
desire is to be kept busy ; a modest aspiration. 

She likes to feel that she is doing her part. That 
is her reward. That is the reward of all who are 
honestly trying to be unselfish and rather better 
folk than they were. There is no conceit about 
this sentiment ; for often they who enjoy it are 
almost unaware of the blessing which has come to 
them. 

It hurts a little, sometimes, that thoughtless 
folk should say that our workers are well paid for 
what they do. It is not true, and the fact must 
be set down here plainly. From the Kent V.A.D. 
County Director down to the Kent V.A.D. bearer 
no one person other than a few of the trained nurses 
receives pay for his or her service. The word 
voluntary should be sufficient in itself. 

A comprehensive plan has been adopted in Kent 



ORGANISATION 75 

in connection with Lord Robert Cecil's scheme for 
tracing, or obtaining news of, the missing of all 
ranks. A list is sent, periodically, to the Com- 
mandant of each hospital containing full particu- 
lars of the missing men. Any soldier of the same 
regiment who happens to be in the hospital is 
possibly able to supply information concerning the 
soldier about whom enquiry is made — informa- 
tion which, in many cases, has been of the utmost 
importance to the anxious relatives. Reports are 
made at once in such an event, and a visitor follows 
up the matter by tactful and careful questioning. 
These visitors have also the list for their district, 
and are continually going round the hospitals 
gleaning news which otherwise might never reach 
those who are waiting here in suspense. Some- 
times the news is good ; on other occasions dread 
uncertainty is, at least, at an end. The visitor's 
position is scarcely an enviable one, but the duty 
is performed wisely and so kindly that the best 
is made of a difficult task. 

The Detachments owe a very great deal to 
General Whitehead, Deputy Director Medical 
Service, Eastern Command. He has helped the 
V.A.D. in every possible way. His kindliness and 
patience have made the road smooth. To him and 
to Colonel Simpson at Woolwich, Colonel Haines 
at Chatham, and Colonels Wilson and Noding at 



76 ORGANISATION 

Shorncliffe and their staff the Kent V.A.D. are 
very deeply indebted. Much of the success of the 
undertaking is attributable to the wise, healthy, 
and ever-courteous treatment which the authorities 
have accorded to Kent in her great enterprise of 
tending the wounded and sick. 

The central organisation of the British Red Cross 
Society at 83 Pall Mall, S.W., has ever shown itself 
ready to help and advise, upon application being 
made to its officers, and sincere thanks are ex- 
pressed to these gentlemen for their unfailing 
courtesy. Each Red Cross detachment in Kent 
was accorded £10, upon mobilisation, by the 
central body, and most of the supplementary 
contingents received £5. 

Each St. John detachment was granted £5 by 
their governing body. 

These equipment grants were added to by the 
Committee of the Kent County War Fund ; each 
Red Cross contingent receiving £5, each St. John 
detachment £5, and each Territorial Force detach- 
ment £10. 

Lt.-Col. Wood Martyn, the secretary of the latter 
force, has shown the Kent V.A.D. the greatest 
consideration from first to last. He has helped 
the cause along in many ways, and has displayed 
sympathy with its aims from the outset. His duties 
have now devolved upon his successor, Colonel 




'hoto b i i ! 

Lt.-Col. A. WOOD MAKTYN 
Xth Service Battn. R. West Kent Regt. 



ORGANISATION 77 

Winch, who has already shown himself thoroughly 
interested in the detachments. 

It is with great satisfaction that we record the 
service cheerfully rendered to the detachments by 
the Boy Scouts all over the county. 

It is right to say that the Kent detachments owe 
their progressive success largely to the sympathetic 
and very friendly treatment accorded them, and 
their Executive, by all in this our effort on behalf 
of " Christian Service and True Chivalry." 



XI 

STORES 

The success of the Central War Fund for the hos- 
pitals prompted the present plan on which Kent's 
stores and supplies are also centralised. It will 
be recollected that, at the beginning of the war, 
each Commandant was furnished with a carefully 
thought out list of articles likely to be wanted, 
should a hospital have to be brought into being ; 
and it will be readily understood that the canvass 
of a neighbourhood frequently resulted in an 
abundance of one set of articles, with the corre- 
sponding shortage of another. Headquarters de- 
cided to accept all promises, and collect accordingly 
at the right moment — then to pool the super- 
abundant articles at given centres. Each hospital 
contributing to its central depot had the privilege 
of applying to that depot for any other thing 
which the particular hospital required. 

These central depots were, in turn, attached to 
the chief depot, and could apply there for all 
articles not in stock. The chief depot had, and 
has, especial means of procuring the wanted articles; 

78 



STORES 79 

it is situated near headquarters, and it is only 
necessary for us in Kent to ask in order to receive 
almost anything we need. Such is the spirit which 
animates our county. 

In some parts of Kent a veritable epidemic of 
blankets occurred ; in others the excess of gifts 
was manifested by a delightful deluge of crockery 
and cutlery. In yet another district came an 
avalanche of medical stores ; a fourth centre was 
overwhelmed with sheets and bedspreads. Each 
Commandant took what she needed from her over- 
plus, and forwarded the remainder to the centre, 
with a request for those articles she lacked. The 
chances were that these had already arrived from 
another hospital ; if not, the request was passed 
on to the chief depot, where a complete register 
is compiled of all stores at all depots. If the 
application could not be met at the chief depot, 
those in charge knew precisely where to look for 
help. The Kent County War Fund is always avail- 
able, if other means cannot supply the desired 
article forthwith. 

As a general rule, it was found that the register 
at the chief depot pointed the way. Blankets were 
wanted at Cranbrook, which had too many sheets ? 
Faversham had a stack of blankets, but few sheets 
... a card from the chief depot adjusted the 
matter, in the course of two posts. 



80 STORES 

The Stores Committee worked, and continues to 
work, on sound business lines. Every centre takes 
stock once a month and reports to the chief depot. 
Literally thousands of articles have been re- 
distributed in the manner shown, and every kind- 
hearted and generous friend of the detachments 
has the satisfaction of knowing that his or her 
gift has not only been received, but has been, or 
will be, used. 

Nothing is wasted, so nothing is refused. All 
find a place of service somewhere, and, as even 
the best thing has the knack of wearing out, or 
being broken, the demand for upkeep is constant. 

Very acceptable presents have latterly come to 
the depots. Several cases of new-laid eggs from 
the Egg-collecting Committee in London : from 
overseas, bags of flour, cases of sugar, hundreds 
of tins of jam and treacle. Sides of frozen lamb ; 
dozens of frozen rabbits — splendidly welcome 
presents these, bringing joy to the breast of many 
a kitchen matron, keen to keep her bills within 
bounds. We are indeed grateful to the Australian 
Government who, through Mr. Fowne, of the London 
Chamber of Commerce, is sending these splendid 
presents to the sick and wounded. They have 
more than helped us along in Kent ; for each 
gift has been sent so very modestly, and with such 
heartening messages of sympathy and goodwill. 



STORES 81 

Here is a list of Kent's storehouses, with the 
names of those who have administered them so 
ably and unselfishly : Main depot, Bromley, 
Mr. T. Pawley and Miss Pawley. Central depots : 
Ashford, Miss Knock ; Canterbury, Mrs. Mason ; 
Chatham and Strood, Dr. Skinner ; Chevening, 
Miss Hall-Hall ; Chislehurst, Miss Paterson ; Cran- 
brook, Mrs. Tomlin ; Dartford, Miss Dixon ; Deal 
and Walmer, Miss C. Reid ; Faversham, Mrs. 
Alexander ; Gravesend, Mrs. Bruce-Culver ; Maid- 
stone, Miss Hills ; Margate, Mr. Leon Adutt ; 
Sevenoaks, Mrs. Walter Hay ; Sheerness, Mr. 
H. Rayner Catt ; Tonbridge, Miss Taylor ; Tun- 
bridge Wells, Miss Violet Moore. These ladies and 
gentlemen have had no easy task ; there are no 
sinecures in the Kent V.A.D. — nor room for them. 
All has to be kept going ; patients are passing in 
and out the hospitals all the while. It is for them 
that everyone labours ; that those who have served 
may now find such rest and peace as we, in our 
sincere endeavour, can provide. 



XII 

COMPARISONS NOT ALWAYS ODIOUS 

It is sometimes well to compare, in quite friendly 
rivalry, your own methods with those of others 
working for the same ends. By this means one 
has the opportunity of learning, even more than of 
teaching — which is the spirit which should animate 
folk who want to be really of use in this world. 
The management of our smaller voluntary hos- 
pitals will be considered here in conjunction with 
those of our larger Rest Houses. Owing to the 
generosity of those who provide the former the 
housekeeping of both costs much about the same 
per man : in the ordinary course the larger hospital 
has manifestly a big pull over the lesser. 

But management can effect wonders, especially 
if there be a little assistance from the owner and 
friends of the small hospital. This has been always 
unostentatiously forthcoming, and one of the fine 
features of Kent's care for the wounded has been 
the unceasing and self-denying kindness of those 
who are not among the most blessed with this 

82 



COMPARISONS NOT ALWAYS ODIOUS 83 

world's goods. Few of us are able to offer a hos- 
pital complete, but many have been ready to give 
up part of the home, and have made the sacrifice 
with quite surprisingly successful results. 

A typical small hospital has been given us by 
the surrender of the top floor of a square-built 
house, where four straightforward rooms open on 
to a decent landing : these rooms have been 
emptied of superfluous furniture ; the floors have 
been covered with plain linoleum ; three iron- 
framed, spring-mattressed beds have been placed 
in each ward — which just allows the regulation 
900 cubic feet of air space to be enjoyed by each 
patient. A double washstand, a table, three chairs, 
a chest of drawers completes each ward. Upon 
the landing is a table upon which the dressings, 
etc., are kept under a cloth ; a second table forms 
a serving-place and resting-place for the orderlies 
when bringing the meals to the wards from the 
kitchen below. There is a fair-sized garden for 
fine weather, and a capital morning-room on the 
lmlf-landing, just below the wards, for rainy days. 
Only light cases are taken, so that the patients are 
n< in II y well able to manage the few stairs from 
the wards to the morning-room, and vice versa. 
Twelve eases can be provided for — and, the house 
being on high ground, the cures have been really 
remarkable ; all the more so from the fact that, 



84 COMPARISONS NOT ALWAYS ODIOUS 

in the earlier days, more serious cases had to be 
entertained. 

The housekeeping is very well arranged ; the 
Quartermaster buys in reasonable quantities, and 
does not order five tons of coal at the time when 
the coal merchants are squeezing unfortunate 
consumers rather more than usual ! Nor does she 
go to the other extreme, and buy coals by 
the hundredweight. There is an " in-between " 
method upon which our little hospital works ; a 
common-sense method. Fuel is dear ; therefore 
they buy moderately, in the hope of a fall in price. 
Also they state the position to the local trades- 
folk, and find that one and all put them on most 
favoured nations terms. Neighbours want to help ; 
they do not need to be asked or given encourage- 
ment. So much can be done with tact and a 
sincere " thank you very much ' manner. The 
hospital under notice has been generously endowed 
by the owners, but it is the housekeeping with 
which we are concerned. It is admirably done, 
and is but an example of many others. The 
patients are well-fed, well-nursed, cared for under- 
standing^ without too much discipline, but just 
enough. 

There is always sufficient food for the morrow ; 
a little over in case of emergency, but nothing that 
can be wasted. They do not " run out " of any- 



COMPARISONS NOT ALWAYS ODIOUS 85 

thing in this little hospital, yet never have large 
stores, with the consequent temptation to be too 
lavish. 

It is something of an anxiety to run this hospital, 
the cheerful Quartermaster admits. She has to 
be always thinking about food. But she does so 
" with a good grace." 

The larger hospitals have their cares also, for 
they must have always plenty of everything. 

One hospital on the riverside has 100 beds, and 
has averaged 60 patients per night since October, 
1914. Something of romance about this place ; 
a great deal of that sheer pluck which has always 
a glamour for those of us who exercise imagination. 
One needs to be imaginative to become truly 
creative, and to be able to steadily pursue ideals. 
Then, sometimes it happens that ideals are nearly 
encompassed. 

The vision we have, as we write, is of a great 
grey building alongshore ; shabby before it was 
new, an effort of olden happy days wasting ; 
neglect and the accompaniments of neglect ap- 
parent everywhere. That was the framework 
upon which some devoted women brought their 
splendid energies to bear. 

It seemed a rather hopeless adventure. Our 
plucky ones saw the possibilities, and set out to 
interest friends and make them see possibilities. 



86 COMPARISONS NOT ALWAYS ODIOUS 

Had estimates from decorators ; considered these 
prudently, went carefully through figures and 
measurements and suggestions and — got to work. 

It's splendid of you all, said onlookers ; it's tip- 
top practice — it's finishing your Red Cross educa- 
tion. You'll be quite all right for field work when 
you're wanted — after practice of this sort ! Scrub- 
bing floors and cleaning down, are you ? Having 
the windows mended, the place once more made 
habitable, electric light installed, hot and cold 
water put on ? . . . No doubt the military will be 
glad to use the place for a headquarters ; for, of 
course, you will not have any hospital duty there, 
you know. You cannot expect it. . . . The mili- 
tary hospitals are too fully prepared for all contin- 
gencies 

November 15th, 1914, proved that these amiable 
optimists were prophesying vainly. The great 
grey building had been only just transformed into 
one of the finest " unofficial " hospitals in Kent 
when the summons came. That day the whole 
capacity of the hospital was taxed to help stem 
the flood of wounded men returning to England. 

Everything in the hospital had been systema- 
tised. The wards had been allocated in blocks, 
each block with its complete staff. On the huge 
ground floor were the surgical wards ; on the first 
and second floors were other surgical and the 



COMPARISONS NOT ALWAYS ODIOUS 87 

medical wards. The housekeeping department 
had been thought out by the kitchen matron to 
the last detail. Hot soup was ready for the men 
as fast as they were brought in — food was prepared 
for those who needed it, according to the diet 
deemed necessary by the medical officer. Order- 
lies were soon bathing the men ; other orderlies 
were sorting out the discarded rags of clothes, 
keeping the best of these and labelling them for 
the sanitary authorities, who collected the parcels, 
for disinfecting, almost as quickly as they were 
made up. Not too nice a job this ; the unfor- 
tunate soldiers had come straight from the 
trenches, bringing with them parasites who were 
both numerous and very tenacious of life. It is 
not a pleasant thing to remember ; but it happens 
each time a convoy of wounded is brought in, and 
the destruction of these vile pests is a part of the 
organisation which has to be perfect. 

After bathing, and purifying as far as was 
possible — for some of the cases were very serious 
— the men were put to bed, their wounds dressed 
more thoroughly. Sleep was the great restorer 
to the bulk of these poor travellers, and morning 
saw a great change for the better in most of 
them. But the whole staff of the hospital had 
worked right through the night; making up the 
War Office returns in the bureau, preparing the 



88 COMPARISONS NOT ALWAYS ODIOUS 

breakfasts, ticketing each man's personal belong- 
ings and bestowing them safely — underclothes had 
been washed, boots had been cleaned and put in 
lockers with such part of the accoutrements as could 
be wisely retained. The medicines were prepared 
by qualified dispensers, whose services remain at 
command at all hours : extractions of bullets and 
shrapnel in the very bad cases had been performed 
within the four walls of the hospital. The 
theatre is fully equipped — for when friends saw 
that all this was not the dream of a few en- 
thusiasts, but positively and actually a hospital 
able to treat wounded men to the expressed satis- 
faction of the military authorities, more money 
and help came along. Nothing succeeds like suc- 
cess — an old proverb exemplified once again. 

The installation of this hospital was effected 
without any charge on the Funds, thanks to an 
infinity of intelligent devising and improvising 
certainly not surpassed by any other national 
effort. The running of the hospital cost the country 
2s. per day per man for the first few months ; then 
application had to be made for the larger grant of 
3s. in order that nothing might be wanting. Sixty 
soldiers have been each day lovingly cared for and 
healed — for love heals perhaps more quickly than 
medicine. Nearly four hundred patients have 
passed through this great V.A.D. hospital in 



COMPARISONS NOT ALWAYS ODIOUS 89 

the six months which have elapsed since it was 
opened. 

Another hospital, this time by the sea, is situated 
beautifully for our purpose. Here we have all 
the same elements for success in tending and 
healing the wounded. A well-arranged house on 
three floors, with a fine entrance hall, is planned 
out methodically into wards for officers, rank and 
file — medical and surgical, as the case may be. A 
splendid operating theatre is fitted with every 
appliance for the ultimate ease of suffering 
humanity : the best of medical care and skilled 
nursing is always ready ; plenty of windows, 
bringing air and sunlight and hope into tortured 
breasts, plenty of the best food, and plenty of 
kind bright faces and clever hands to comfort sad 
hearts and soothe away pain. The kitchens of 
both these hospitals are superb. No great hotel 
has better outfit or management. All is scrupu- 
lously clean ; the shelves and dressers are opu- 
lently provided with the impedimenta of cooking. 
Larders full. Steam heating throughout the 
building : hot and cold water at all hours, baths 
on each floor, a cheering all-day view of the 
Thames, or the Channel with occasional peeps 
of " somewhere " in France. A stirring breeze 
when casements are wide, but a friendly, healthy 
breeze, for all that. " Night air is NOT poisonous " 



90 COMPARISONS NOT ALWAYS ODIOUS 

— one of the mottoes on the walls of the wards. 
A very hard-working staff at both these hospitals. 
The Commandant at one of them commences her 
long day's duty by cleaning out her own small 
office, believing in the principle of never asking 
anyone to do that which you won't do yourself. 
And the same "fine rapture" pervades the whole 
company, and is ever sustained at high- water mark. 

Close upon 10,000 patients have been now 
admitted to Kent's Voluntary Hospitals, and the 
care of the wounded has been ever the first thought ; 
all have sought to keep that idea steadily in view ; 
have tried to make it All and Everything that 
Matters. Sometimes one has to pull oneself up ; 
selfish thoughts try to push out of the way the 
Right Thought : 

We are trying to help our country and those who 
have fought for it and us. 




T3 






ho 
C 

'2 

> 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 



TERRITORIAL FORGE 
ASSOCIATION 

KENT VOLUNTARY AID DETACHMENTS 

County Director : 
The Right Honourable The Earl of Darn ley, 
Cobham Hall, Cobham, Kent. 

Chief of Staff : 

Dr. J. Horatio Yolland, 
53, Bromley Common. 

Assistant County Directors : 

Division 1. Dr. Sterry, Riverhead, Sevenoaks. 

Dr. Allan, " Aldborough," Chislehurst. 
2. Dr. G. A. Skinner, 42, North Street, 
Strood. 
„ 3. Surg. -Colonel T. Joyce, Shepherd's 
House, Cranbrook. 
Dr. Travers, Maidstone. 
Dr. Watson, Tunbridge Wells. 
,, 4. Dr. Prideaux Selby, Tcynham, Sitting- 
bourne. 
„ 5. Captain Gibbs, Keppel, The Croft, Hast- 
ings. 

93 



94 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Division 6. Dr. Dodd, Manor Road, Folkestone. 

,, 7. Surgeon-General F. H. Benson, Greton 
House, Walmer. 
(Rest of District). 

Dr. Frank Brightman, 
Aspley House, Broadstairs (Thanet). 

Private Secretary to Chief of Staff : 

G. Stanley Pond, 
"Derwent," Crown Lane, Bromley. 

Transport Officer : 

Paul Creswick, 

The Haven, Scott's Avenue, 

Shortlands. 

County Architect and Surveyor : 
Granville Streatfield, Westerham. 

County Secretary : 

W. R. Bruce-Culver, Hope House, 
Gravesend. 

Divisional Secretaries : 
Alfred Pope, 77, Crown Lane, Bromley. 
Mrs. Bruce-Culver, Hope House, Gravesend. 
Walter Neve, Castle House, Sissinghurst, Cran- 

brook. 
Dr. J. P. Henderson, The Hollies, Green Street, 

near Sittingbourne. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 95 



Honorary Commandants : 

Kent 18. Dr. Crawford. 

Kent 22. Miss Sandford. 

Kent 28. Lady Rothermere. 

Kent 29. David T. Milne. 

Kent 29. W. E. Enderby. 

Kent 33. H. G. Hoskier. 

Kent 50. G. Stanley Pond. 

Kent 52. Alfred Pope. 

Kent 54. P. H. Ashton. 

Kent 56. Hon. Mrs. Nicholson. 

Kent 76. de Barri Crawshay. 

Kent 78. R. H. Yolland. 

Kent 96. Mrs. Josephine Fisher. 

Kent 116. F. J. Pile. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

(Odd numbers are the men's, the even represent the 
women's detachments) 

Kent 1, Dover. The detachment has seventeen 
members serving with the R.A.M.C. The other 
members have not yet had many opportunities 'of 
rendering assistance, but are standing ready for 
any emergency. 

Commandant- — G. Plater. 

Quartermaster — S. Tupper. 

Pharmacist — G. Foster. 

Members. — D. Bean ; S. Blackman ; W. Blackman ; E. P. 
Boddy ; C. Buzan ; A. Claw ; J. Colthup ; J. Cullen 
L. Dadds ; E. Dawkins ; E. Fagg ; J. Foord ; Frank Fox 
Fredk. Fox ; G. Fox ; P. Goodiff ; G. Gore ; I. Harman ; L 
Hobday ; F. Holmes ; F. Hopkins ; C. Humphrey ; C. Johnson 
W. King ; W. A. Knott ; G. Marsh ; J. Marsh ; W. Mayne 
H. Mills ; P. Nibblett ; A. Nye ; A. Pearson ; C. Petts 
I. Petts ; J. Petts ; E. Phillpots ; H. Pluck ; A. Potter 
F. Seath; B. Solly; H. Spain; E. Stokes; T. Walton 
I. Wilkinson ; P. Wright ; P. Young ; S. Young. 

Kent 2, Ramsgate, was formed from the Rams- 
gate Nursing Division of the St. John Ambulance 
Brigade and registered in 1910, being the first 
women's detachment in the county. 

On the outbreak of war an appeal for funds was 

9 b 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 97 

circulated, and preparations made for opening a 
hospital. 

Early in October, 1914, the Wounded Allies 
Relief Committee arranged for the reception of 
wounded Belgians, and took over the " Royal 
Sailors' Rest," which had been placed at the dis- 
posal of the Government by the British and Foreign 
Sailors' Society to be used as a hospital with 
accommodation for seventy-two beds. The 
hospital was quickly prepared, the greater part of 
the extra equipment being lent or given by the 
townspeople. 

On October 10th the first Belgian wounded to 
arrive in England were received, followed by men 
from the Expeditionary Force. 

324 patients have passed through the wards. 

The Hon. Surgeons — Dr. R. J. Archibald, Dr. 
Grace H. Giffen-Dundas, Dr. E. Fisk, Dr. G. E. 
Halstead, Dr. R. G. Hicks, Dr. T. G. Styan — have 
willingly given their services. 

Commandant — Mrs. A. Grummant. 

Medical Officer — Dr. A. L. Johnston. 

Ladij Superintendent — Miss E. M. Smith. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. F. W. Hinds. 

Memhrrs. — Margery Aycrst ; Ada Mary Ayrcs ; Minnie Bartlett ; 
Elnith Bovan ; Bothia Blower ; Mary Boyland ; Emily 
Burley ; Emma E. Caswell ; Mary F. Chapman ; Mary E. 
Church-Braaier ; Winifred G. Church- 1 > i-:is ier ; Margaret 
Culver; Bessie Deveson ; Elizabeth Divall ; Mary Ann 
Dunbar ; Alison Mary Eastgato ; Sophia Foster; Nellie 
; Annie Marker ; Frances M. Ilogwood ; Edith 



98 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Maria Hollingworth ; Edith E. J. Hulgrave ; Ellen Kate 
Ingram ; Mary Helena Jarman ; Florence Jeffery ; Gertrude 
Leigh-Lye ; Fanny Jane Long ; Ada Harriet Martins ; 
Lottie Wootten Maseall ; Gertrude McMillan ; Ada Maria 
Medland ; Delcie Peall ; Ethel Priestley ; Nellie Philpott ; 
Editha K. Potts ; Christina Mary Romboy ; Nellie Rose ; 
Emily Matilda Rowe ; Margaret Sale ; Cares Sharpe ; Jane 
Studham ; Mima Charlotte Sutton ; Clara Vickers ; Rachel 
Weigall ; Ethel L. Whittingham ; Mary E. Williams ; 
Kathleen S. Wolfe ; Violet Isobel Wotton. 

Kent 3, Sittingbourne, was formed in 1908 
from the local St. John Ambulance Brigade. 
Since the arrival of wounded soldiers the men of 
the detachment have been engaged first at Trinity 
Hall Hospital, Sittingbourne, acting as sentries, 
orderlies, and transport bearers, and afterwards at 
the new hospital at " Glovers," where they have 
carried on excellent work at all hours of the day 
and night. 

Of the original members sixteen have enlisted, 
their places being taken by certificated men. 

Commandant and Medical Officer — Dr. W. H. S. Noble. 
Quartermaster — L. R. Dence. 

Kent 4, Willesboro', has worked hard for 
years past, and is standing ready to act when 
called upon. 

Commandant — Mrs. Potts. 
Quartermaster — Mrs. Vallins. 

Members. — Lily Banks ; Winifred Brett ; Alice Cotterell ; 
Charlotte Crust ; Susan Fermor ; Elizabeth Flint ; Mary 
Greenstreet ; Jane Hall ; Emma Hamblin ; Matilda 
Samson. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 99 

Kent 5, Westgate-on-Sea, was mobilised on 
October 14th, 1914, the members of the detach- 
ment being resident in the Isle of Thanet. The 
men have since that date been engaged in transport, 
orderly, and nursing duties at Westgate, and have 
collected large quantities of hospital equipment 
and sent many of their number to join the 
R.A.M.C. 

The detachment owns a motor ambulance, 
fitted up and driven by the members. 

Commandant and Medical Officer — 

Dr. A. F. Street. 

Quartermaster — Sergt.-Major Cornelious. 

Members.— W. Bickerton ; J. E. Brett ; G. S. Britton ; H. 
Button ; W. Cox ; C. H. Dixon ; J. Docking ; P. Dyke ; 
C. Enderby ; G. Enderby ; W. Enderby ; H. Faver ; 
S. Faver ; J. E. Fright ; J. A. Gammon ; S. W. Gammon ; 
T. Gransbury ; A. T. Jarvis ; D. Kinmont ; J. Kinmont ; 
W. G. Knight ; J. Millard ; J. H. Pointer ; T. W. Randall ; 
H. Stewart ; E. Thurley ; A. J. Venis ; I. Venis ; A. Q. 
Verlander. 

Kent 6, Seal, was raised in 1909 by the Honble. 

Violet Mills. 

After war was declared a hospital was equipped 
at The Wildernesse garage, lent by Lord Hillingdon, 
with accommodation lor twenty-lour patients in 
two wards, and a fully equipped operating theatre, 
with X-ray apparatus. A converted motor 
ambulance carries lour stretchers. The greater 



100 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

part of the hospital equipment has been provided 
by the Dowager Lady Hillingdon, the rest by 
friends in the neighbourhood. 

There are also nine beds in a supplementary 
ward at The Wildernesse. 

Commandant — John Poland, F.R.C.S. 

Medical Officer— R. T. Dick, M.D. 

Lady Superintendent — Sister M. Howes. 

Quartermaster — Miss Olive L. Blackall. 

Members. — Rose Ansell ; Anne Burroughes ; Pamela Bur- 
roughes ; Winifred Davys ; Jane Dennis ; Verena Hay ; 
Dorothy Higgs ; Susan Hill ; Lucy Home ; Doris Matthews ; 
Violet Mills ; Dolly Monckton ; Bertha Moss ; Lois Nor- 
burn ; Millicent Paris ; Clara Pratt ; Annie Roberts ; Alice 
Smithers ; Renny Taylour ; William Toogood ; Elizabeth 
West ; Emily West. 

Trained Nurses. — Sisters Bridges and Phipps. 

Kent 6 (attached), Kemsing. St. Edith's Hall 
in the village of Kemsing has been in use as a 
hospital since mobilisation. Those interested in 
Red Cross work in the neighbourhood have gener- 
ously supplied gifts both in money and kind. 

The members of the detachment are working 
under the direction of two trained nurses. 

Commandant — Miss Wilkinson. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Carnarvon Brown. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss Wilkinson. 

Quartermaster — Miss Waring. 

Members. — Eleanor Covell ; Alice Dibblin ; Mary Fife ; G. 
Nancy Godwin ; Winifred M. Goldsworthy ; Maud Hodges ; 
Nellie M. Hooker ; Dorothy Riches. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 101 

Kent 7, Faversham and Doddington. The 
members of this detachment have been doing 
useful work at the Faversham V.A.D. Hospital, 
acting as orderlies and sentries and undertaking 
the transport. 

The Commandant has also the duty of Divisional 
Secretary. 

Commandant — Dr. J. P. Henderson. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Harper. 

Quartermaster — Mr. Potts. 

Kent 8, Folkestone, was started in 1910, but, 
owing to this detachment not being at full strength 
at the outbreak of the war, the members joined 
Kent 30, Sandgate, and have been working con- 
tinuously at the Bevan Home, performing excellent 
service at all hours. 

Commandant — Miss Sophia M. Hope. 
Quartermaster — Mrs. Easter Phillips. 

Members. — Florence Carr ; Ann T. Clark ; Lily Edward3 ; 
Gladys Joffery ; Irene Jeffery ; De Lasaux ; Margaret War- 
burton. 

Kent 9, Folkestone. On October 13th, 1914, 
the War Office asked the detachment to assist in 
unloading the wounded at Folkestone Pier, the 
ambulance men also going in charge of trains to 
many parts of the country. 

The men rendered great assistance to the 



102 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

wounded Belgian refugees landed from the 
" Amiral Ganteaume," and assisted in removing 
them to the hospitals. 

The detachment has continually assisted the 
R.A.M.C. in conveying the wounded from Shorn- 
cliffe Station to all hospitals in the district, also 
assisting at the Manor House Hospital. 

Commandant- — F. A. Adams. 

Medical Officer — Dr. C. Wood. 

Quartermaster — J. G. Strood. 

Members. — J. S. Allen ; H. T. Baker ; H. Biggs ; W. Burden ; 
G. Burtonshaw ; H. Coppens ; W. B. Couchman ; G. Ellin ; 
B. Epps ; H. J. Epps ; H. Evans ; A. Gardiner ; A. Gregg ; 
T. W. Hobbs ; O. J. Horton ; C. Huntley ; W. Huntley ; V. 
Jensen ; J. Kimber ; E. G. Kinnett ; E. N. Marsh ; S. 
Marsh ; H. S. Maxted ; J. McQuire ; E. Menpes ; F. B. 
Overton ; A. J. Page ; C. Peters ; C. Port ; G. Port ; 
J. Port ; J. Puchinger ; J. W. Rumsey ; R. Sargeant ; 
J. Sharman ; E. J. Smith ; H. E. Smith ; V. Thompson ; 
W. Thompson ; F. Towse ; R. W. Whyborn ; C. Yeates. 



Kent 10, Cranbrook, was organised in 1910 
by Lady Gathorne-Hardy, the detachment being 
placed under Mrs. C. Duncan Murton, who was the 
first lady Commandant appointed in the county. 
On the outbreak of war the Vestry Hall was offered 
by the Cranbrook Parish Council and fitted up as 
a hospital, where demonstrations in hospital work 
and routine were given by trained nurses. On 
' October 17th, 1914, the first wounded (Belgian 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 103 

soldiers) were installed. A few days after a 
further convoy was received, and the Drill Hall, 
lent by the Territorial Force Association, was at 
once put into commission. Contributions have 
been generously forthcoming. The Cranbrook 
troop of Boy Scouts have rendered great assist- 
ance. 

Surgeon-Colonel T. Joyce, of Cranbrook, is 
Joint County Director for No. 3 Division of Kent, 
and to his tireless ability this division owes much 
of its success. 

Commandant — Mrs. Duncan Murton. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Arthur Shaw. 

Lady Superintendent — Sister D. Pollex- Adams. 

Quartermaster — Miss Tye. 

Members. — Evelyn Bengough ; Gwenda Bengcmgh ; Ethel 
Boileau ; C. A. Bourne ; Nancy Bourne ; Mabel Bradbury 
Edith Daynes ; Phyllis Flicker ; Ruth Naomi Fulbrook 
Elsie Goldsmith ; Jessie Grover ; Annie Horn ; A. W 
Hudson ; Vera Kinnear ; Bertha Moore ; Helen Mordaunt 
Mildred Mordaunt ; Alice L. Piper ; Clarico Rumney 
Rosina J. Russell ; Lucy I. Seaford ; Ellen Spratt ; Amelia 
K. R. Stickells ; May Taylor; Charlotto Tye; Esther 
"Wiekham ; Katharine E. Woodin. 



Kent 11, Asiiford, has been working admirably 
in connection with Kent 48 in opening and running 
the Ashford Hospitals. Although hard at work 
all day to gain their livelihood, the members 



104 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

have carried on the night orderly duties at the 

hospitals. 

Commandant — Rev. F. T. Gregg. 

Medical Officer — Dr. C. M. Vernon. 

Quartermaster — E. E. Wood. 

Pharmacist — F. W. Stedman. 

Members. — A. Argrave ; H. Arthur ; G. E. Back ; R. H. 
Baldock ; A. D. D. Banks ; R. Barman ; A. Barnes ; A. 
Butcher ; A. J. Butcher ; F. Butcher ; A. J. Capeling ; 
G. Capeling ; W. J. Capeling ; C. Castle ; L. Castle ; M. 
Darton ; P. E. Dines ; F. Ditton ; W. Freed ; W. Fullager ; 
W. W. Fuller ; E. Gamble ; V. J. Gilbert ; A. J. Gower ; G. W. 
Green ; R. Hall ; J. Hanson ; F. W. Harris ; W. C. Harris ; C. 
Hart ; T. Herd ; A. A. Hills ; S. Hopper ; R. Hyland ; 
W. Jackson ; W. Knott ; T. Lancefield ; E. Luckhurst ; 
H. D. Marshall ; A. Martin ; F. A. Millen ; C. Nicholls ; 
C. H. W. Norman ; H. Oliver ; S. Oliver ; P. Orpin ; A. W. 
Paine ; H. Paine ; W. T. Paine ; A. Potter ; A. Priddle ; 
W. Reeves ; E. E. Ridley ; W. Scott ; H. Sidney ; J. 
Silverwood ; B. Smith ; H. C. Stent ; A. Tanton ; C. E. 
Tomlin ; G. T. Trowell ; J. West ; W. G. Wheeler ; A. A. 
Wood ; F. J. Wood ; E. J. Woolley ; H. Woolley ; E. E. 
Young. 

Kent 12, Maidstone, was raised by Mrs. Wood 
Martyn and registered in 1910. By arrangement 
with the Committee of the West Kent General 
Hospital a short course in the wards of this hospital 
has been a part of the annual training of the 
members. 

The detachment was mobilised on October 14th, 
1914, and the Howard de Walden Institute with 
accommodation for thirty beds was completely 
prepared to receive patients in less than two hours. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 105 

The support received has been of great value, 
contributions having been most generously forth- 
coming. Four trained nurses have given their 
services without any remuneration. The Com- 
mandant is Joint Assistant County Director for 
the 3rd Division of the county, and undertakes the 
distribution of the wounded when station convoys 
arrive. 

Commandant and Medical Officer — Dr. F. T. Travers. 
Lady Superintendent — Miss Burfield. 
Quartermaster — Miss Mercer. 

Members. — Ruth E. Bensted ; Florence Betts ; Gladys Boor- 
man ; Dorothy Cadman ; Hilda Cadman ; Joan Campbell- 
Bannerman ; Gladys Clifford ; Dorothy Comwallis ; Louie 
M. Cowley ; Lady Nina Hughes D'Aeth ; Sylph Davey ; 
Ella Foord ; Kathleen Hills ; Nora Hoar ; K. May Hughes ; 
Margaret Ley ; Magdalen Littlewood ; Winifred Mercer ; 
Grace Nickalls ; Maud Nickalls ; Mary Scott ; Peggy Scott ; 
Flora Walter ; Dorothy Whitehead ; Katherine Wintour ; 
Agnes Warner. 

Kent 13, Cranbrook, has charge of the trans- 
port for this section of the county and is doing 
useful practical work. The Ashford section has 
helped with orderly duty in conjunction with 
Kent 11. 

Commandant — Captain Torkington. 

Medical O/liccr — Db. C. Brett. 

Quartermaster — W. Lewis. 

Pliarmaeisl — A. Hudson. 

Section Leaders. — E. Fever ; H. Parker. 

Members.— F. Beokin ; F. Burchott ; E. Burnham ; G. Coleman ; 
F. Craddock; W. Craddock; A. Darton ; D. Fox; i- . 



106 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Fryer ; G. Fuggle ; H. S. Gaudy ; E. Gibson ; F. Goldsmith ; 
G. Goodman ; E. Greenstreet ; G. Henneker ; E. Hewison ; 
R. Home ; G. Jenner ; W. S. Jordan; E. W. King; A. 
Marshall; H. Muchell ; S. Nash; W. N. Neve ; E. Penfold ; 
H. A. Rosson ; E. Rumens ; J. Sharp ; F. E. Stanley ; R. 
Swinard; E. R. Tasman ; W. H. Trimlett; A. Tye ; J. 
Waters ; F. Worsley. 

Members who have enlisted. — H. Alexander ; H. Baker ; S. 
Beeken ; G. Gasden ; T. Luck ; G. Palmer ; C. Parks ; 
F. Philpott ; R. Sanders. 



Kent 13 {attached), Tonbeidge Town " Bearers 
Squad," was registered as a men's detachment in 
the autumn of 1914. The men have since that 
time been engaged in transport and orderly duties 
at the Tonbridge V.A.D. Hospital. Local medical 
men have freely given their services in the training 
of the members. 

Commandant — Cecil Crofts. 

Medical Officer — Dr. J. Manning Watts. 

Quartermaster — Mr. B. Gabriel. 

Members. — A. W. Ablethorpe ; F. H. Abley ; E. Bishop ; H. 
Burson ; W. A. Carling ; A. W. Coburn ; A. E. Cornell ; 
J. S. Cottle; C. H. Crofts; W. J. Duval; R. East; G. 
Faircloth ; A. E. Featherstone ; T. Fulcher ; A. Gutsell ; 
P. Hamblin ; C. Harvey ; L. Hazell ; C. Homer ; 
J. E. Langdon-Davies ; J. Long ; T. C. Love ; W. 
Mackay ; F. Mockford ; E. Morley ; W. Neal ; W. G. Neve ; 
F. Packman ; C. H. Page ; J. Payne ; R. H. Pottinger ; 
B. W. Reecks ; A. Ross ; F. Small ; J. Spillett ; E. A. 
Stevens ; W. K. Storr ; T. Treen ; B. E. Tye ; A. S. Wag- 
horn ; T. W. Young. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 107 

Kent 14, Maidstone, was enrolled in 1910. 
Soon after the outbreak of war Hayle Place, 
lent by Lord Romney, with accommodation for 
seventy patients, was fully equipped. 

On October 14th, 1914, fifty-three wounded 
Belgians arrived ; and, in all, 400 patients, of 
whom 100 were Belgians, have been treated. 

The expenses of the hospital are certified by a 
Finance Committee with Mr. George Marsham as 
chairman. The hospital is most fortunate in having 
many willing workers outside the detachment. 

Mr. J. Pickard has organised a band of men who 
act as transport bearers and orderlies, and Mr. 
Bernard Haynes has charge of the arduous work 
of arranging transport. Dr. Jones helps the 
Medical Officer and the Rev. E. Hardcastle is 
Chaplain. Mrs. Lilley is in charge of the kitchen ; 
Mrs. Falwasser and Mrs. Whitton are the sisters in 
charge of the wards. 

Commandant — Mrs. Wilson-Smith. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Ground. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss A. Saunders. 

Quartermaster — Miss K. Weeks. 

Members. — Mabel Balston ; Margaret Bridge ; Aline Cholmeley ; 
Mabel Comwallis ; Yvonno Comwallis ; Maud Harrison ; 
Phyllis Hartridge ; Minnie Killick ; Cecily Kennard ; 
Henrietta Keays- Young ; Julia Keays-Young; Jessie 
Marsham ; Constance Marsham ; Mollie Marsham ; Amy 
Pop-; Annie Itoberts; Mary E. Rcatchlons ; Mary Reatch- 
lons ; /<.(■ Roe; Eleanor Ruck; Honble. Ruth Scarlett; 
Laum de Visme Thomas ; Ella do Visme Thomas ; Dorothy 



108 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Thomas ; Edith Tronsdell ; Evelyn Tronsdell ; Louisa Warde ; 
Dorothy Warde ; Gladys Warde ; Laura Wigan ; Harriet 
Wigan ; Grace Young. 



Kent 15, Bromley. This detachment was 
formed as a St. John Ambulance Company prior 
to the organisation of the county V.A.D., and trans- 
ferred to the county organisation on its inception. 

On the declaration of war thirty of its members 
joined the regular forces. Railway employees of 
the detachment have been debarred from active 
participation by reason of diminished staff, the 
balance of the detachment, Chislehurst in par- 
ticular, is serving with V.A.D. Hospitals. 

Commandant — T. Healey. 
Quartermaster — W. E. Clifford. 

No. 1. — St. Luke's Section. — Joined H.M. Forces. — G. T. 

Attle ; G. Barnett ; H. Billinge ; J. Bloomfield ; H. B. 

Burden ; S. Bush ; A. C. Brouard ; W. Collins ; C. E . 

Farrow ; F. Field ; W. J. Field ; W. S. Graty ; J. W. Hubbard ; 

H. W. Johnson ; C. F. Mumford ; A. P. Padgham ; H. J. 

Yeates, and Sergt. Field. 
Employed locally. — T. H. Barnard ; J. Field ; M. Horlock ; 

W. Stevens. 
No. 2. — Central Halt, Section. — Joined H.M. Forces. — A. 

Brown ; H. D. Burden ; A. E. Burford ; S. Craker ; E. 

Hawkins ; W. N. Hobday ; T. Stone ; C. Waters. 
Employed locally. — E. G. Follett ; H. S. Harden ; C. Hobbs ; 

J. Huckle ; J. E. Napier ; R. J. Orgies ; S. Pinneger. 
No. 3. — Chislehurst Section. — Joined H.M. Forces. — F. 

Rouse ; B. Streatfield. 
Employed locally. — W. Aley ; T. Barber (Jr.); T. Barber; 

W. Beckington ; A. Bone ; F. Dixon ; W. Fellis ; H. Head ; 

H. Humphrey ; H. Lawrence ; H. Pinyon ; M. Taylor ; 

H. White ; T. White ; C. Wood. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 109 

No. 4. — Orpington Section. — Joined H.M. Forces. — S. W. 

Conway ; A. Geary ; E. J. Patterson ; A. Skinner. 
Employed locally. — W. Bridgeman ; T. W. Burgess ; R. Gainsford ; 

B. Goodyer ; E. Jennings ; W. Lane ; W. Newman ; J. 

Samson ; H. Tomlinson ; W. Wood. 



Kent 16, Gravesend, was first organised in 
1910, and owed its existence to the energy of Mrs. 
Bruce- Culver, its first Quartermaster. The present 
Medical Officer was first Commandant, and his 
lectures have been of great benefit in the training 
of the members. 

Kent 16 in conjunction with Kent 92 have 
prepared and are now working at three hospitals : — 

(1) Parish Room, All Hallows ; lent by Rev. 
R. Hammond, where over seventy cases have been 
treated. Sister-in-charge, Miss M. Grenfell-Hill, 

lv*Xi.C« 

(2) Meadow Room, Cobham, accommodation 
for nineteen cases ; lent by the Misses Stevens, 
and prepared by them and a number of ladies 
from the neighbourhood. About eighty patients 
have already been admitted. Sister-in-charge, 
Miss Ethel Swinton (sister of the well-known 
"Eye-Witness"). 

(3) The Yacht Club, Gravesend, under Kent 
92. 

The Hospitals at All Hallows and Gravesend are 
financially controlled by an Executive Committee, 
of which Colonel Sir Gilbert Parker is Chairman. 



110 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Lord Darnley presides over the Cobham Hospital 
Committee. 

Commandant — Miss Agnes O. Caswell. 

Medical Officer — Dr. C. Dismorr. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss Isabella Rosher. 

Quartermaster — Miss E. Tans ley. 

Members. — Maud Armstrong ; Florence August ; Mary Bath- 
urst ; Margaret Beer ; Emily Blake ; Hattie Claret ; 
Cicely Clark ; Hilda Crook ; Marjorie Davey ; Christine 
Donaldson ; Beatrice Dyble ; Elsie Gates ; Frances Green ; 
Grace Harris ; Audrey Hayes ; Evaline Hooper-Smith ; 
Hilda Huggins ; Grace Jones ; Amy King ; Maud King ; 
Marjorie Lund ; Ada Marsh ; Mildred Newcombe ; Catherine 
Posgate ; Dorothy Poynter ; Kate Reeves ; Florence Rowe ; 
Edith Sackett ; Ellen Scratton ; Hilda Shaw ; Lucy Shaw ; 
Bessie Shields ; Winnie Shields ; Gertrude Shuttlewood ; 
Helen Shuttlewood ; Alice Smith ; Olive Tanner ; Dorothy 
Thompson ; Maud Thompson ; Sophie Thompson ; Janet 
Waldegrave ; Winifred Winnett ; Gladys Wood ; Grace 
Wood. 

Kent 17, Walmer. Surgeon-General F. H. 
Benson was asked by Lady George Hamilton in 
1911 to raise a men's detachment in conjunc- 
tion with Kent 22, and lectures were given by him. 

On General Benson being appointed Assistant 
County Director, Dr. Mason, Medical Officer for 
Kent 22, assisted him to form a detachment. 

In 1913 the command was taken over by Dr. 
H. Llarrison, who had already given valuable 
assistance. On the outbreak of war Dr. Harrison 
was compelled to take on other work and had to 
resign, although he kindly continued as Medical 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 111 

Officer. The present Commandant then took 
charge of the detachment, which is fully pre- 
pared for any work which may be assigned to it. 

Commandant — Chas. R. Taylor. 

Medical Officer — Dr. H. Harrison. 

Quartermaster — T. Baxter. 

Members. — J. H. Atkins ; A. R. Betts ; C. S. Bignold ; J. J. 
Bingham ; B. Bradshaw ; C. Capp ; F. Denham ; W. G. 
Dunn ; C. Fieldsend ; A. French ; A. Graves ; W. Honey ; 

E. Hunt ; E. C. Lewis ; J. G. Newing ; W. Norris ; L. Petts ; 
P. J. Rayworth ; H. M. Roinney ; T. Sneller ; R. Style ; B. 
Thomas; J. Waller; G. Wellard ; L. V. West; H. T. 
Williams ; W. Williams. 

Kent 17 (attached), Tenterden, owed its in- 
ception to the splendid efforts of Mr. H. Ker, who 
was Assistant County Director, 5th Division, Kent, 
until taking up a commission in the regular army. 
The detachment has supplied night orderlies, 
regularly since mobilisation, to the Tenterden and 
Rolvenden Hospitals. Five stretchers have been 
presented to the detachment. 

Commandant — L. II. Browning. 

(Quartermaster — J. Backshall. 

Members. — C. A. Adams ; E. Ballard ; A. Barrington ; A. 
Bennett ; F. Bennett ; A. Bourne'; H. Bourne ; C. Brown ; 

F. Burden; \V. Cliff; C. Corke ; G. Curtois; W. Dapson ; 

G. Edmonds; B. Geake; A. Hilder; A. Holmes; F. Hold- 
stock; C. Jarvis; L. Maynard; H. MoCarter; — McLeod; 
S. .J. Sharpe ;W. Sharpe ; X. Tickner ; — Tickner ; A. Wallis ; 
G. \\ .n. rman ; M. \\ Jut- ; S. N. Willson. 

Kent 17 (attached), Stone, lias undertaken, with 
every success, the ambulance and all similar work 



112 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

in connection with the big military hospital at 
Ingress Abbey. 

Commandant — E. D. Carrick. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Stanley. 

Pharmacist — E. J. Cox. 

Quartermaster — F. T. Eberhardt. 

Section Leaders. — G. Barnes ; H. Bartrum ; W. Germaney ; 
H. Williams. 

Members. — F. Acland ; J. G. Adams ; F. Austin ; H. C. Barnes ; 

B. T. Beaumont ; D. Boorman ; C. W. Bullock ; D. Busby ; 

C. Coker ; S. Coker ; J. Colven ; H. A. Coulter ; A. Eber- 
hardt ; W. Eberhardt ; R. Entwistle ; J. French ; R. 
Gray ; A. Green ; R. Hayes ; E. Haywood ; A. Hodges ; 
R. James ; J. Jennison ; A. E. Kent ; H. Lane ; W. Line- 
ham ; G. Livingstone ; F. Masters ; F. Montgomery ; F. 
Munn ; A. Nettlingham ; J. Pink ; A. Reid ; P. Sanders ; 
A. Saunders ; J. Shoard ; G. Smith ; W. Sparrow ; B. 
Steadman ; S. Vickery ; W. Watson ; J. Webster. 

Kent 17 (attached), Bexley, owes its genesis 
to the initiative of a committee presided over by 
Sir Guildford Molesworth, the details being worked 
out by Mr. G. P. Baker and Mr. J. Cutcliffe, 
assisted by Dr. T. Hinds. Enrolment took place 
on September 7th, 1914, and a course of lectures 
was given by Dr. Hinds and practices held with 
most satisfactory results. The detachment was 
mobilised on October 14th, and thanks to the 
generosity of the inhabitants of Bexley the men 
have been assisted in the purchase of uniforms. 
The Bexley Brewery Co. have kindly lent one of 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 113 

their vans, which has been fitted up as an ambu- 
lance wagon, while ground for practice has been 
generously placed at the detachment's disposal by 
Mr. Ford and Mrs. Burridge. Useful work is being 
carried on regularly. 

Commandant — Col. Radford. 

Medical Officer — Dr. T. W. Hinds. 

Quartermaster — Mr. A. Covill. 

Pharmacist — Mr. Leadbetter. 

Class Secretary — Mr. Christopherson. 

Section Leaders. — W. J. Evans ; F. Hurdle ; W. Porter ; 

C. Vessey. 
Members. — G. P. Baker ; T. N. Cannon ; N. Christopherson ; 

W. Chuter ; E. Crick ; J. Cutcliffe ; H. Edwards ; C. Garrett ; 

E. G. Harvey ; J. F. Harvey ; N. Hudson ; A. W. James ; 

J. W. Judd ; G. T. Lawrence ; S. Leadbetter ; A. Lincoln ; 

C. W. Mann ; R. Marshall ; T. E. Parker ; J. Pitt ; J. Reid ; 

J. Rendell ; E. H. Russell ; H. Slade ; H. Smith ; H. J. 

Standley ; W. J. Taylor ; H. A. Turner ; F. Wheeler. 

Kent 17 (attached), Hawkhurst. The members 
have done thoroughly useful work as night order- 
lies at the Lillesden Hospital and have assisted 
at all times in the transport of wounded to and 
from the station and Central Military Hospital. 

Commandant — A. C. Moore. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Robert Edwards. 

Quartermaster — Sydney Newman. 

Members. — J. T. E. Davis ; C. Giles ; E. Hardcastle ; A. 

Harrison ; V. Hutchinson ; H. Hydor ; P. Jonner ; G. 

Martin ; J. Mennie ; F. Reed ; J. Suter ; G. Sivyer ; W. 
Sivyer ; W. Wilmot. 

H 



114 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Kent 18, Pembury, formed in 1910 under 
Dr. Aldous, has worked continuously to make 
itself efficient, and in 1914 the Guardians of the 
Tonbridge Union allowed the members to nurse in 
their infirmary. 

On October 14th, 1914, the order to mobilise 
was received, and in a very short time, thanks to 
the excellent arrangements made beforehand by 
the Quartermaster, the village Hall at Paddock 
Wood was converted into a hospital ready to 
receive twenty patients. After two months it was 
found necessary to transfer the hospital to the 
Church Institute, Pembury, lent by the Committee. 
Most generous gifts have been received, and car 
owners have willingly lent their motors for transport. 

Fifty patients have been successfully treated, 
and no effort has been spared on the part of the 
Medical Officers, Drs. Storr, Simpson, Bradford, 
Mills, and Seely. The former Commandant was 
Dr. Crawford, who was Joint County Director for 
No. 3 Division, and had charge of the distribution 
of wounded when convoys arrived for the Tun- 
bridge Wells group of hospitals. He accepted a 
commission in His Majesty's Forces in April, 1915. 

Commandant — Mrs. Douglas Watson. 

Hon. Commandant — Dr. Crawford. 

Medical Officer — Dr. W. T. Storr. 

Lady Superintendents— Miss Robb. 

Quartermaster — Miss Haines. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 115 

Members. — Dorothy Andrews ; Phyllis Baker ; Sylvia Baker ; 
Joan Cartwright ; Phillis Crawford ; Janet Goffe ; Amy 
Herepath ; Fanny Kempster ; Marion Lambert ; Gemma 
Lees ; Annie Luck ; Kittie Luck ; Dora Molesworth ; 
Margery Mewburn ; Olive Mewburn ; Joyce Mewburn ; 
Marie Philpott ; Anna Perkin ; Dorothy Perkin ; Esther 
Perryman ; Ellen Pattison ; Mary Podmore ; Alice Simpson 
Kate Simpson ; Ethel Simpson ; Selina Storr ; Amy Storr 
May Storr ; Freda Storr ; Ada Terry ; Edith Hay Watson 
Sibyl Watson ; Brenda Watson ; Edith Wimshurst ; Edythe 
Whelan ; Florence Young. 

Kent 18 (attached), East Malling. Soon after 
the outbreak of war Mr. C. Baxendale offered to 
convert a wing of his residence, Clare House, 
into a hospital. Some alterations were made and 
a small but serviceable hospital, with two wards 
for seventeen men, was created. The equipment 
was lent by residents, and the linen and other 
necessaries by the Red Cross Society. Mr. Baxen- 
dale assumed responsibility for the finance, but 
invited the residents to assist, which suggestion 
was liberally responded to. The ladies of East 
Malling having previously organised a V.A. detach- 
ment, an efficient staff was ready for the opening 
of the hospital. The wards have been kept fairly 
full since the first convoy was received. 

Commandant — Sir W. D. Wilson. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Parr Dudley. 

(Quartermaster — Lady Deane Wilson. 

Members. — Lucy Ambler ; Gertrude Biggs ; Florence Edith Bird ; 
Lily Blunden ; Florence Blunden ; Elizabeth Blunden; Ada 

Buckland; Ethel Buckland ; Phyllis Buckland ; Owens Bus- 



116 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

bridge ; Mavis Busbridge ; Kate Lily Colegate ; Molly Dever- 
Bon ; Charlotte Downs ; Ethel May Elphic ; Bessie Godden ; 
Fanny Holder ; Florence Holder ; Phoebe Huggett ; Lydia 
Jenner ; Elizabeth Parr-Dudley ; Agnes Peppercorn ; Florence 
Peppercorn ; Hilda Silverston ; Isabel Smyth ; Henrietta 
Maria White ; Doris Wilson. 



Kent 19, Boughton, was formed in 1913. 

Since the outbreak of war seventeen members 
have enlisted. The detachment is well prepared to 
undertake any duties assigned to it. 

Commandant and Medical Officer — Dr. H. Wonnacott. 
Quartermaster — C. W. Smith. 

Members. — A. I. W. Bones ; J. W. Bones ; W. P. Branchett ; 
L. H. Chambers ; M. E. Eades ; S. R. Fox ; J. Hayward ; 
R. J. Hopkins ; F. S. Horn ; H. Iddenten ; W. F. Miles ; 
R. H. Owen ; G. Packman ; R. Rooke ; H. Rooke ; W. A. 
Smith ; A. W. Spicer : A. E. Tong ; E. V. Turner ; W. A. 
Turner ; E. C. Wills ; A. Wood. 

Kent 20, Tenterden, was started at Tenterden 
by Mrs. Peel at the request of Lady Cranbrook 
in 1911. The members of the detachment, at 
first under Dr. Skinner as Commandant, have 
been continuously preparing themselves for any 
emergency. When mobilised in October, 1914, the 
detachment sent reliefs to a local hospital until 
November, when a Red Cross Hospital was opened 
with sixteen beds. This was furnished to a great 
extent by the local residents, who were also most 
generous in sending contributions. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 117 

On November 30th, 1914, the first party of 
Belgian soldiers, fifteen in number, arrived. 

Commandant — Miss Cicely Peel. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Dring. 

Quartermaster — Miss V. Milne. 

Members. — Dorothy Baker ; Bertha Body ; Gertrude Browning ; 
Alice Collins ; Marjorie Johnson ; Gladys Johnstone ; Ada 
Latter ; Kate Love ; Evelyn Mace ; Dora Peel ; Esther Peel 
Edith Pinyon ; Kathleen Pritchard ; Blanche Pritchard 
Helen Pritchard ; Esther Pritchard ; Edith Skelding 
Christina Ticehurst ; Kate Winser. 

Kent 20 (attached), Charing. This hospital 
was opened on October 14th, at the Parish Hall, 
lent by the Charing Parish Council. Local resi- 
dents contributed liberally in money and equip- 
ment. The detachment had previously prepared 
themselves for the duties of a hospital by classes 
and practices, and are doing important work most 
capably. 

Commandant and Medical Officer — 

Dr. Littledale. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss Florence Rotherham. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. Littledale. 

Members. — Ethel Ashwell ; Hilda Beard ; E. Mildred Fothering- 
hara ; Dorothy Hard wick ; Evelyn Hard wick ; Hilda 
Hardwick ; Ethel Hickman ; Louise Hickman ; Fanny 
1 1 y land ; Letitia Jonnings ; M. Langford ; H. E. Littledale ; 
Violet Littledale; Marjorie Machin ; Daisy Mummery; 
Katharine Norwood; Alice Norwood; Louie Reeves; Ethel 
Ross-Barkor; Katharine Sayer ; EelenStarey; MaryStarey; 
Agatha Sulston ; Edith Swan ; Margarot Swan ; Mary Swan 
Molly White. 



118 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Kent 21, Westerham, was formed in 1913, the 
initial effort being due to Miss Watney. 

The detachment was mobilised in October, 1914, 
about twenty men being available. These acted 
as orderlies for the Dunsdale Hospital until 
Christmas, when an arrangement was made with 
a field ambulance, stationed in the locality, 
whereby this body took over the duties temporarily. 
Kent 21 has, since April, 1915, resumed this im- 
portant work. 

Commandant — G. N. Watney. 

Medical Officer — J. R. Russell. 

Quartermaster — Rev. C. A. Stubbs. 

Members. — F. N. Ashby ; S. A. Bridgland ; B. Brown ; D. 
Brown ; C. Chapman ; W. N. Darkin ; E. J. Drapper ; 
C. R. Evans ; A. Friend ; A. Galloway ; J. Gardner ; 
A. Gingell ; J. Greenlees ; T. Greenlees ; J. Haslett ; P. 
Ingram ; E. Jenner ; E. Longley ; P. May ; F. H. Nellen ; 
H. D. Pennicard ; F. Shorter ; J. Steven ; W. G. Sweatman. 

Kent 22, Deal, was formed in 1912, with Dr. 
A. Mason, Miss Sandford, and Mrs. Wheeler as 
officers. Work went steadily on with lectures, 
drill, field work, etc. In 1913 Lady Sargant 
became Commandant, Dr. Mason remaining as 
Medical Officer ; Mrs. Wheeler resigned, Miss 
D. M. Lapage replacing her. Lady Sargant was 
unable to continue the duties and became Hon. 
Commandant, Miss Sandford taking up her work, 
Miss E. M. Higginson becoming Lady Superin- 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 119 

tendent. The detachment gained much practical 
experience at the camps at Heme and Rolvenden. 
Lectures were given by doctors of Deal, notably 
by Dr. Mason, Dr. Ward, Fleet-Surgeon R. Hill and 
Dr. White, and each member in turn received a 
fortnight's hospital training at the Victoria Hos- 
pital. During the war two members at a time 
have been working at the Royal Marine In- 
firmary. 

On the outbreak of war St. Anselm's, Walmer, 
a former residence of Mr. Justice and Lady Sargant, 
was fitted up as a hospital, the people of Deal and 
Walmer contributing generously. On Kent 142 
being formed Miss Lapage transferred to that 
detachment, Miss C. M. Reid replacing her. 

Lady George Hamilton allowed Deal Castle to 
be used as a store and gave much assistance. 

On October 14th, 1914, mobilisation took 
place and Belgian wounded were quickly installed. 
Two hundred and fifty patients in all have kept 
the beds fully occupied. 

Owing to domestic trouble Miss Sandford was 
compelled to resign, and Lady Sargant returned 
to her former post. Miss Higginson went to work 
with the French Red Cross and Mrs. Lloyd, Lady 
Superintendent of Kent 142, acted during her 
absence. 

Kitchen arrangements are admirably carried out 



120 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

by Miss Bowman, and the residents of St. Mar- 
garet's have been most generous. 

Commandant — Lady Sargant. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss Higginson. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Mason. 

Quartermaster — Miss C. M. Reid. 

Members. — Iola Baynes ; Eileen Boothby ; Alice Bowman ; 
Sylvia Bushe ; Doreen Cavanagh ; Eleanor Cottew ; Emme- 
line Darwall ; Mabel Denne ; Holly Fisher ; Evelyn Gard- 
ner ; Audrey Jackson ; Phyllis Jackson ; Sydney Jackson ; 
Olive Lapage ; Winifred Lapage ; Eleanor Macrae ; Dorothy 
Matthews ; Ada McCann ; Hilda Mills ; Adela Monins ; 
Dorothy Morse ; Marjory Morse ; Phyllis Ryder Richardson ; 
Enid Schon ; Ursula Schon ; Rosamund Smythe ; Enid 
Thomas ; Dora Thomson ; Elsie Thomson. 

Kent 22 (attached), Margate. Full details of 

this detachment's work are given under Kent 152. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Thomson. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss Anne Chapman. 

Quartermaster — Miss Ethel James. 

Kent 22 (attached), Bircrtngton, had no 
detachment at the outbreak of war, but when 
Dr. Garfield Williams inspected Thanet he realised 
the possibilities of this bracing town. He enlisted 
the services of the principal officials, including 
doctors, Commandant and trained nurses, and 
accepted the use of a Red Cross office lent by Mr. 
and Mrs. Harvey. 

Certificated candidates came forward and at- 
tended lectures, had practical experience at the 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 121 

hospitals, and by October a detachment of thirty- 
eight members was ready. Mrs. Willett lent a store 
in the village for equipment, and at Quex Park 
two large motors were fitted with ambulance 
bodies (these have been since used for the whole 
of Thanet). 

On mobilisation Mansford House, a Unitarian 
convalescent home (kindly lent to the detachment) 
was quickly prepared and Belgian wounded were 
installed. 

St. Mary's Home also took in a number and 
worked under the detachment for a month, until 
Quex Park, the home of Major and Mrs. Powell - 
Cotton, which had been lent temporarily to the 
Westgate detachment, was free. 

Under Mrs. Holmes as Matron at Quex Park, 
and Miss Worthington at Mansford House, the 
staff has worked steadfastly and well. 

Commandant — Mrs. H. B. Powell-Cotton. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Worthington. 

Lady Superintendents — 

Miss Worthington and Mrs. Holmes. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. Harold Cobb. 

Members. — Dorothy Elspeth de Vosta Andraade ; Mary Black- 
hurst ; Clara Lasey Buss ; Marjorie Tylden Buss ; Alice 
Cobb ; Edith Mary Cossey ; Janet Dallin ; Minnie Dawes ; 
Maud Elinor Harris ; Mary Holmes ; Alice Keeley ; Florence 
Perfect; Emily Reeves; Phyllis Roberts; Elsie Alice 
Smith ; Hilda Stone ; Lucy Stone ; Mildred Swinford ; 
Dora Evelyn Watson ; Fanny Maud Watson ; Charlotte 
Wilhelmina Worthington ; Elizabeth Mary Wortliington. 



122 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Kent 23, Sheerness-on-Sea, at first consti- 
tuted part of Kent 41, but in 1913 was formed as 
a separate detachment for Sheerness. The mem- 
bers have taken part in several field days, and the 
drills have been well attended. There being no 
hospital in the town the men have no regular 
duties, but deal with all cases of emergency. A 
depot for the receipt of garments has been opened. 
The Commandant, Mr. F. H. Watson, is on active 
service. 

Acting Commandant and Medical Officer. 

Dr. L. A. Winter. 
Quartermaster — Mr. H. Rayner Catt. 

Members.— T. G. Allen ; F. W. Bickel ; O. V. Boakes ; R. V. 
Borner ; C. E. Bowden ; W. A. Broad ; E. J. Castle ; R. 
Carvalho ; A. J. Davis ; F. Day ; W. J. Freeman ; A. G. 
French ; S. A. Hadlow ; W. H. Kingdon ; G. W. Lochhead ; 
W. H. Maples ; E. A. Monday ; A. Nightingale ; J. L. 
Nethercoat ; G. W. Pack ; E. E. Pankhurst ; E. G. Pear- 
son ; G. J. Peed ; W. H. B. Quick ; E. J. Ratcliff ; A. O. 
Reece ; G. J. Rogers ; J. Rogers ; C. F. Saddleton ; F. G. 
Saunders ; W. Saunders ; C. A. Snelling ; W. A. Southgate ; 
E. J. Stride; D. Stride; H. L. Sutton; G. Swift; G. 
Thomas ; W. Thomas ; C. F. Woodcock. 

Kent 24, Folkestone, was formed in 1910, and 
has charge of the Manor House Hospital at Folke- 
stone, one of the largest of Kent's voluntary 
hospitals, and has been doing splendid work from 
the outset of hostilities. 

Commandant — Honourable Florence Daly. 

Members. — Dorothy Beaney ; Jennie Boyd ; Kate Brenchley r ; 
Katharine Chevalier ; Lena Curzon-Smith ; Mabel Eastes'; 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 123 

Emma Eiffe ; Amelia Fantham ; Mary Fitzgerald ; Minnie 
Fowler ; Louisa Hibbard ; Florence Hill ; M. M. Lucaa ; 
Florence Millgate ; Adelaide Moore ; Ada Orton ; Florence 
Palmer ; Lilian Penn ; Edith Pilcher ; Kathleen Reid ; May- 
Rowlands ; Lucy Shillingford ; Alice Stocker ; Florence 
Strood ; Maud Wood. 



Kent 25, Tunbridge Wells, was formed at 
the outbreak of war from the division of the St. 
John Ambulance Brigade. A men's first aid class 
was organised, and 120 men attended, of whom 
thirty-six ultimately joined the brigade. 

A liberal response was made by the public to 
an appeal for funds to provide uniforms, and the 
men are now equipped in khaki. 

Three new stretchers have also been presented. 
The Quartermaster and ten men are on active 
service. The transport for Tunbridge Wells and 
Tonbridge group of the Chatham section of Kent 
is conducted by Mr. W. L. Bradley of Tonbridge, 
with the assistance of the Commandant and Mr. 
Cecil Crofts, the distribution of the patients being 
conducted by Dr. Watson. 

Commandant and Medical Officer — Dr. Dyer. 
Quartermaster — Lie it. E. R. Hickmott. 

Members. — H. Albrow ; W. Avard ; C. Barefield ; H. Bone ; 
L. Claydon ; T. Coombes ; W. E. Cunningham ; S. W. 
Dawes; W. Dibby; — Faircloth; S. Faithfull ; H. G. Foote; 
J. W. Goodwin ; A. T. Goodyear ; A. E. Hallett ; P. Ham- 
mond ; S. \V. lliirmrr; \V. J. F. Harmer ; J. Hayes; J. 
Huywiird ; T. Haywiird; \Y. B. llemsley; R. Hewlett; 
C. Hicks ; A. Hobbs ; H. Honess ; A. Jury ; J. Kempster ; 



124 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

T. C. Knight ; T. Lester ; A. W. Luxton ; F. W. Mason ; 
S. H. Muffett ; W. F. Mufiett ; J. Neeve ; P. Noakes ; O. 
Norman ; G. Nuth ; J. C. Nuth ; G. Peskett ; C. Reader ; 
H. Saxby ; L. Scott ; G. Spurrell ; W. Stanford ; G. 
Stevens ; H. A. Stonham ; T. Showier ; W. Vaughan ; 
A. C. Watts; H. G. Whitby; H. White; H. M. Wise; 
H. Woodcock ; C. Young. 

Kent 26, Folkestone, was brought into being 
in 1911, and the members have met continuously 
for lectures and practices. 

At mobilisation the members were called to the 
Imperial Hotel, Hythe, which had been comman- 
deered for the reception of a large number of 
wounded Belgian soldiers. The hotel was cleared 
three days later, and since October 21st Kent 26, 
with Kent 24, have together been working at the 
Manor House. This hospital has one hundred 
beds. It is situated on the Leas, overlooking 
the sea. 

Gifts of all kinds have been received from very 
many kind donors. 

The two detachments have also had charge of a 
small dressing station in one of the " soldiers' 
clubs " at Shorncliffe camp, and a member attends 
daily to dress injuries amongst the soldiers. 

Commandant — Mrs. Moule. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Gore. 

Quartermaster — Miss L. Fitzgerald. 

Members. — Mary Ambler ; Florence Andries ; Madeleine Andries ; 
Marthe Andries ; Josephine Baker ; Mrs. Carpenter ; 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 125 

Kathleen Comes ; Dorothy D'Armes ; May Davis ; Elsie 
Deck ; May Francis ; Mary Golden ; Jenny Hills ; Elsie 
Hopper ; Annette Irving ; Hilda Jervis ; Sybil Lawson ; 
Elizabeth McCliment ; Edith Mempes ; Kathleen Moule ; 
Eliza Poston ; Winifred Shillingf ord ; Olive Shipp ; Barbara 
Simms ; Emily West ; Grace Wood. 

Kent 28, Rolvenden, was organised in 1911. 
Regular drills and lectures were held, and the 
British Red Cross Camp for Kent for 1914 was 
held at Rolvenden on a site lent by Mr. F. Coombe 
Baker. Two hundred and thirty members were 
present from all parts ; the camp was of especial 
help, as it was struck only ten days before war 
broke out. 

The detachment is drawn principally from the 
village of Rolvenden, and, when mobilised, proved 
fully equal to the emergency ; the hospital, which 
was a bare parish room, being in a very short time 
a charming little ward ready to receive twenty 
patients. 

Commandant — Mrs. Coombe Baker. 

Medical Officer — Dr. P. C. Colls. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss K. Bishop. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. Smith-Marriott. 

Assist. Quart ermarter— Miss Ethel Parker. 

Members. — Mary Barker ; Rhoda Becken ; Sarah Brown ; 
Emily Burdon ; Jennie Burden ; Hetty Burden ; Edith 
Button ; A. Cook ; Dorothy Guest ; Graco Herring ; Mary 
Hinds ; Annio Mann ; Pattio Piper ; Fanny Poile ; Olive 
Southon ; Cissy Swaffer ; Kate Swinyard ; May Terry ; 
Kathorino Tweodie; Laura Twoedio ; May Weston; Harriet 
Wood ; Carrie Woodwards. 



126 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Night Orderlies. — G. Ballam ; J. Becken ; A. Blackman ; A. 
Bourne ; C. Brown ; R. Burden ; B. Burden ; F. Burden ; 
G. Carpenter ; A. Cook ; A. Fright ; F. Geerings ; F. Judge ; 
E. Killick; L. Maynard ; J. Parker; F. Russell; W. Sharp; 
C. Smith ; H. Swaffer. 



Kent 29, Margate. At the outbreak of war a 
meeting was called to form a V.A.D. men's detach- 
ment. Some eighty men (since increased) gave in 
their names as voluntary helpers. Classes were 
formed, with Dr. B. Richards as lecturer, stretcher 
drill exercises being also carried out under Captain 
Turner. 

Detachments 29 and 31 were thus created from 
these volunteers. The Margate Ambulance Corps 
joined the detachments and placed all their appli- 
ances at the disposal of the Commandants. Since 
mobilisation — on October 13th, 1914 — both detach- 
ments have assisted at the transport of six hundred 
wounded soldiers. The members have also carried 
out very arduous duties as orderlies. 

Several friends have given stretchers and carry- 
ing-sheets ; motor-cars and ambulances have been 
generously placed at the disposal of the transport 
officer. 

The two detachments jointly undertake all the 
work carried out. 

The transport arrangements are in the hands of 
Hon. Commandant D. T. Milne (assisted by W. E. 
Enderby, until the latter was accepted for work 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 127 

in France). A large amount of preliminary organi- 
sation fell to the lot of Mr. Milne ; Assistant- 
Quartermaster Mr. G. A. Watson has undertaken 
all secretarial duties of both detachments since 
mobilisation. 

Commandant — B. J. Garraway. 

Medical Officer — Dr. R. Thomson. 

Quartermaster — W. Mills. 

Section Leaders. — W. J. Hecker and W. J. Munns. 

Members. — E. Amos ; J. R. Amos ; A. W. Barry ; A. D. Bottles ; 
P. M. Brophy ; S. H. Brown ; O. J. Baldwin ; F. C. Cobb ; 
T. Coleman ; A. W. Elkin ; E. J. Furborough ; G. A. Foster ; 
F. S. Gahan ; F. T. Gahan ; A. F. Hewer ; E. E. Levitt ; 
W. H. Linnell ; B. Lowery ; G. J. Mahoney ; J. Matthews ; 
L. G. Matthews ; H. V. Mitchell ; J. Peachey ; E. Rich- 
mond ; R. H. Roberts ; A. J. Swain ; J. W. Sadd ; J. G. 
Sayer ; F. J. Sayer ; H. D. Tappenden ; J. T. Tatham ; 
J. C. Tayler ; H. M. Wainman ; H. Walker-Smith ; G. L. 
Watson ; T. G. Webb. 



Kent 30, Sandgate, has charge, with other 
detachments, of the Bevan Home, Sandgate, 
Kent's largest voluntary hospital. The home is 
very pleasantly situated near the sea, and has, 
with its annexe Devonshire House, 250 beds, 
twenty - five of which arc reserved for officers. 
The hospital was opened on October 8th, 1914, 
and has received to date 1995 patients, 340 of 
whom have been Belgians. The members have 
shown what voluntary effort can achieve when 
the workers have plenty of energy and adapta- 



128 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

bility and have their hearts in what they are doing. 
The detachment came into being in 1910. 

Commandant — Sister Millie Mumford. 
Medical Officer— Du. J. E. Calverley. 
Lady Superintendent — Mrs. Mayne. 
Quartermaster — Mrs. Chambers. 

(See list of members under Kent 36.) 

Kent 31, Margate (see Kent 29). 

Commandant — J. W. Walton. 

Medical Officer— Dr. Graham Stewart. 

Quartermaster — C. Enderby. 

Pharmacist— W. H. Monk. 

Section Leaders. — G. Enderby and F. Shaw. 

Members.— R. B. Amos ; R. J. Amos ; E. Ashby ; F. G. Brig- 
hurst ; A. C. Bryant ; C. C. Burt ; P. J. Calcutt ; A. L. G. 

Campbell; F. W. Coleman; J. Combley ; W. Combley ; 

H. H. Davis; E. M. Dungey; J. Forbes; C. W. G. Griffin; 

T. Geary ; H. E. Hester ; E. J. Hobbs ; C. W. Hobbs ; 

E. W. Horn ; C. E. Jarman ; J. Jury ; W. G. Kemp ; S. H. 

Lamport ; A. E. Lovely ; J. A. Markey ; P. McCardle ; 

J. Olliver; W. Ovens; H. G. Philps ; R. C. Price; J. 

Rattray ; R. Roscoe ; G. J. Shelley ; F. Stanley ; H. 

Tannenbaum ; R. W. Terrell ; J. M. Tillett. 

Kent 32, Cheriton, was started in Cheriton 
five years ago. 

At the outbreak of war, with the permission of 
the local authorities, the detachment got ready to 
open the Girls' School, Cheriton, as a hospital, but 
it was found that schools could not be used. The 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 129 

members therefore undertook to work at the 
Bevan Hospital, Sandgate, keeping their organi- 
sation intact, in case of emergency ; and the 
mobilisation grant of £10 from the B.R.C.S. was 
handed over to that hospital. 

Commandant — Mrs. Nepean. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Pridmore. 

Quartermaster — Miss Marie Jacques. 

Members. — Lucy Bewsher ; Violet Bloomfield ; Marguerite 
Bourne ; Marianne Burnett ; — Butcher ; Louise Childs 
Florence Coleman ; Lily Coveney ; Emma Jane Dennis 
Agnes Green ; Isabella Hill ; Lily Jacobs ; Esther Miller 
Jessie Miller ; Althea Money ; Marjorie Money ; May 
Nicolas ; Flora Pook ; Doris Milligan ; Jean Venner ; Lily 
Venner ; Dorothy Willis ; Mabel Wilson. 



Kent 33, Bromley, commenced work, at the 
declaration of war, under Quartermaster W. E. 
Clifford (of Kent 15). Dr. A. C. Haslam, the 
medical officer, gave a series of brilliant lectures 
on first aid, and as a result fifty-six members have 
been successful at subsequent examinations. On 
August 24th, 1914, the present Commandant was 
appointed, with Mr. Thomas Gayford as Quarter- 
master. The detachment was established on a 
sound basis, and the equipment and uniform fund 
started with ;i concert most kindly arranged by 
Mr. Priter. Other friends have generously assisted, 
and the detachment is now equipped with stretchers, 
water-bottles, haversacks, etc. Forty-five men are 
i 



130 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

uniformed. A rearrangement of the staff, conse- 
quent upon the Quartermaster's regretted enforced 
absence from Bromley, brought about the well- 
deserved promotion of Mr. Head. The order 
to mobilise found the detachment ready, and at 
midday on October 14th, 1914, the first convoy 
of wounded men was very successfully detrained 
at Bromley South Station. Work has been con- 
tinuous since then, many ambulance trains having 
been unloaded at all hours. The detachment 
has had the distinction of having transferred 
nearly one-third of the sick and wounded re- 
ceived in Kent. Other duties have been carried 
out successfully, the most important being orderly 
work at the many hospitals. Beyond this, the 
members are perfecting themselves with nursing 
classes, drills and field schemes. Best thanks are 
due to Mr. Bert Harris, and to Mr. Jury, of the 
Pictorial Enterprises, Ltd., for entertainments 
given on behalf of the funds ; also to the trustees 
of St. Luke's Institute, the Trustees of the 
Wesley an Church Hall, and many other friends. 
Gratitude to Miss Irene Wheeler Bennett is here 
expressed for her help with roller bandaging ; to 
Miss Winifred Mather for transport assistance ; to 
Dr. Haslam and Dr. Craster ; to Messrs. Pierson 
and Parke ; to Mr. C. W. Berry ; to Major and 
Mrs. Wilson of Eltham Court for loan of Wolseley 
Ambulance Car, and to the many other kind friends 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 131 

who]have been so very willing to help the detach- 
ment. Mr. H. D. Reynolds was secretary until 
joining ±he colours in May, 1915. 

Commandant — Paul Creswick. 

Honorary Commandant — H. G. Hoskier. 

Medical Officer — Dr. A. C. Haslam. 

Quartermaster — F. E. Head. 

Pharmacist — H. D. Kelf. 

Transport Control (Hon. Commandant Kent 54) — 

P. H. ASHTON. 

Section Leaders. — H. Gayford ; M. Gray ; L. Harvey-Lowe ; 

I. Humphrey ; T. H. Jayes ; G. H. Last ; S. G. Nash ; 
A. W. Stalain ; F. H. Sheriff. 

Members. — E. R. Andrews ; A. Attwood ; H. A. Balding ; 
S. Belsey ; F. Buckman ; R. Catterson ; N. Clark ; A. F. 
Collins ; S. H. Collins ; J. H. Covil ; P. S. Cox ; R. Craker ; 
R. Davey ; W. Davis ; G. Day ; A. Dickson ; T. T. Eardley ; 
W. Eglington ; G. J. H. Forbes ; W. Fox ; F. Gardiner ; 
T. Gayford; H. Godfrey; H. H. Greenhill ; W. E. Gregory; 
R. Guthrio ; R. C. Guthrie; E. Gurney - Smith ; J. H. 
Gurney-Smith ; W. H. Haigh ; A. Hains ; A. Harman ; 

E. Harman ; L. Harman ; R. Hellyer ; F. Herbert ; A. 
Hickmott ; L. H. Hillman ; F. E. Humble ; C. H. Jenner ; 

II. Langrish; E. J. Lovell ; J. E. Masters; A. C. Miles; 
S. J . M Lies ; G. A. Morris ; G. H. Morris ; S. T. D. Mortimer ; 
X. Newcombe ; N. F. Patten; A. H. Pockett; L. C. Priest; 
H. A. Randall; \\ . E. Randall; E. P. Ripley; H. D. Rey- 
nolds: T. II. Saunders; A. P. Sharland ; J. C. Shepherd ; 

F. Simmons; D. Strike; F. White; \Y. Willson. 

/, crwUe. II. Avery; W. S. Bibby; G. Brown; W. Carpenter; 
D.Cook; B.Cook; B.W.Cook; F. Craker; F.Hartridge; 
— Hiokman; A.. J. Bowe ; -Kemp; — Kibble; E. W. Lash ; 
(,. E. Lear; R. Longthorne; P. Mitchell; !•'. \V. Now; 
W. 1 ierson; I*. J. Poindestre; R. W. Poindestre; — Saunders; 



132 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

F. C. Smith ; H. D. Smith ; F. Stiff ; — Theobald ; F. H. 
Thorburn; F. G. Wilkins; E. A. Woodhall. 

Deputy Transport Control. — R. Gilliard. 
Instructor. — S. G. Nash. 
Secretary. — F. H. Sheriff. 

Note. — Very many of the above have temporarily 
joined His Majesty's forces. 



Kent 34, Folkestone, was formed in 1911, 
and was maintained by weekly drills, instruction, 
and summer camps. 

Owing to the unavoidable resignation of the 
Commandant, Mrs. Thornton Gilbert, the detach- 
ment was unable to organise a hospital, but joined 
Kent 30, Sandgate, and assisted in equipping the 
Bevan Home. By the efforts of the members 
money and equipment was collected. 

When the detachment was mobilised on October 
16th eighteen qualified members were working at 
the Bevan Home, together with a number of 
recruits, as probationers and ward maids. The 
work at the hospital has been continuous ever 
since mobilisation, and the majority of the mem- 
bers are now fully certificated. 

Commandant and Quartermaster — Miss M. Peden. 
Lady Superintendent — Miss L. Auty. 

(List of Members given under Kent 36, Hythe.) 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 133 

Kent 35, Canterbury, conducts all transport, 
supplies orderlies and male nurses for the Canter- 
bury group of hospitals. 

Commandant and Medical Officer — Dr. Ferguson. 

Quartermaster — F. Holgate-Smith. 

Pharmacist — G. I. Hobbis. 

Members. — W. Abrams ; G. P. Argrave ; W. G. Barter ; C. M. 
Bennett ; D. Breeze ; C. J. Brodie ; R. B. Brown ; J. C. 
Charrison ; W. G. C. Cheeseman ; E. Clark ; J. B. Daniel ; 

E. V. Dawe ; C. C. Elam ; J. Ellis ; G. Goldfinch ; P. L. 
Hall ; S. Harding ; J. I. Hargreaves ; A. M. Hayward ; 
C. Howes ; J. E. Jarvis ; L. Kemp ; W. A. King ; R. S. O. 
Lee ; F. G. Link ; H. F. W. Lyons ; F. J. Mann ; H. W. 
McConnell ; W. F. R. Mist ; A. Pearce ; E. Pepper ; R. P. 
Pettyfer ; L. C. H. Sills ; E. C. Tomalin ; S. W. Vincett ; 

F. J. Wells ; A. A. Wicks ; H. E. Wicks ; P. W. A. Wilson ; 
F. Wood ; J. H. Worsfold. 



Kent 36, Hythe, was organised in 1910 by 
Mrs. Congreve. In 1911 Mrs. Congreve, having 
left Hythe, the present Commandant took charge. 
At the outbreak of war all preparations were made 
to open a hospital, but at the request of Miss 
Mumi'ord, the Commandant of Kent 30, Sandgate, 
the detachment was ordered to take up duty at 
the Bevan Hospital, Sandgate, and the equipment 
and funds were handed over to that hospital. 

Between sixty and seventy people from Hythe 
work at the hospital during the twenty- 



134 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

four hours, besides some gentlemen*' who act as 
orderlies. 

Commandant — Miss Cicely Dale. 

Medical Officers — 

Drs. A. R. Davis, C. Hackney, s H/Scoones. 

Lady Superintendents — 

Mrs. Stewart-Harris and Sister E. Barter. 

Quartermasters — Mrs. Hildyard, Miss Nicholettes. 

Members. — Audrey Adam ; Edith Adam ; Julia Ager ; Margaret 
Andrews ; Dorothy Ashworth ; Marjorie Ashworth ; Mary 
Avill ; Margaret Barclay ; Beatrice Barlow ; Ethel Barlow ; 
Rosabelle Brandreth ; May Buttanshaw ; Jennie Carter ; 
Edna Chadwick ; Vera Chapman ; Amy Crane ; Muriel 
Crane ; Kathleen Cutts ; Irene Dale ; Muriel Denniston ; 
Brenda Dowler ; Florence Drake ; Ethel Eastes ; Teresa 
Floyd ; Mabel Gill ; Ethel Gill-Ballard ; Lilian Hackney ; 
Muriel Hall ; Edith Hildyard ; Violet Honeywood ; Sarah 
House ; Alice Lee ; Edith Lewis ; Carlota Mackeson ; 
Elspeth Moubray; Mildred Murray-Rogers ; Gertrude 
Noos ; Mary Roach ; Dorothea Ruggles-Brise ; Sybil 
Schreiber ; Ethel Scoones ; Gwenmore Shelford ; Irene 
Shelley ; Kate Stainer ; Mary Stewart-Harris ; Evelyn 
Thompson ; Marion Timmins ; Madeline Titley ; Mary 
Wilks. 



Kent 37, Gravesend and Northfleet. The 
present Commandant was authorised in the early 
days of the war to raise a men's detachment and 
within twenty-four hours forty-eight men were on 
parade and given their first drill. Lectures were 
given by the medical officer. The detachment was 
very soon efficient, and with the opening of the 
Yacht Club Hospital night guard was undertaken 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 135 

and has been carried on continuously. Wounded 
have been transported into all the hospitals in the 
district, the Commandant having been put in 
charge of the transport for the Gravesend district, 
under the district transport officer, Mrs. E. Bruce- 
Culver. In addition assistance has been given in 
other districts. A four-stretcher motor ambulance 
has been acquired. Many of the members have 
joined the R.A.M.C. 

Commandant — Mr. H. L. Tatham. 

Medical Officer — Dr. R. H. Drennan. 

Quartermaster — Mr. W. Webster. 

Section Leaders. — L. Martin ; H. J. Mayo ; J. Payne ; B. J. 
Warner. 

Members. — *D. G. Aitken ; E. Ball ; F. J. Bennett ; A. J. 
Black ; J. W. Boucher ; W. Brigham ; G. Brooker ; T. G. 
Burberry ; H. T. Butler ; H. J. Chamberlain ; *G. Chatfield ; 
H. Cottam ; B. Edmeades ; *C. H. Elvin ; H. Fairy ; W. G. 
Forder ; W. Haines ; *J. A. Heath ; A. Hook ; W. J. 
Howell ; T. Hughes ; C. Hurst ; S. Johnson ; H. Judson ; 
H. V. Kitchen ; A. J. Lewis ; *A. Mills ; George Meakin ; 
J. Parker ; W. Parsons ; F. Parsons ; E. Payne ; *F. A. 
Pittock ; C. J. Prisley ; *F. A. B. Robinson ; A. Roots ; 
*S. Russell ; O. Russell ; W. D. Sones ; *H. M. Thomas ; 
M. Troubridge ; *H. K. Tutton ; W.A.Webb; *T. Wins- 
ton; M. M. Whiting; *H. Winnett ; W. Wright ; *S. Young. 

* Members marked thus have enlisted in His Majesty's Forces. 

Kent 88, Westerham, was registered in 1911, 
pi;. were regularly held, and the detachment 

was inspected annually by a medical ollicer from 
the War Offic . Miss Warde was the original 



136 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Commandant, but after her marriage the present 
Commandant was appointed. 

On mobilisation a large empty house, "Dunsdale," 
the property of the family of the late Mr. Norman 
Watney, was converted into a hospital with fifty 
beds, and on October 14th everything was ready 
for the forty-eight Belgian patients who arrived. 
A motor ambulance, provided by Mr. J. Laird 
Busk, has been most useful in bringing the more 
serious cases. The National Service Committee of 
Westerham has been most generous in giving stores 
and equipment. Many volunteers have assisted 
with motors for transport. 

Commandant — Miss Watney. 

Medical Officer — Dr. J. R. Russell. 

Lady Superintendent — Mrs. Marian Perry. 

Quartermaster — Miss L. M. Bartlett. 

Members. — Annie Baker ; Marjorie Beresford ; Isabel Cotton ; 
Mabel Ford ; Zaidee Holland ; Kate Hooker ; Edith Hughes ; 
Annie Lewis ; Mabel Maude ; Sylvia Maude ; Mabel 
McLean ; Edith Pywell ; Edith Rason ; Elizabeth Rem- 
nant ; Dorothy Robinson ; Margaret Robinson ; Sarah 
Robinson ; Sylvia Robinson ; Annie Salmon ; Sylvia 
Streatfeild ; Catherine Vincent ; Blanche Warde ; Evelyn 
Warded; Ethel Watney ; Frances White ; Mary Wilkins. 

Kent 39, Beckenham, has been providing 
orderlies and transport bearers at the Beckenham 
hospitals, and doing much useful work. Motor- 
cars have been very generously placed at Becken- 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 137 

ham's disposal, and an ambulance wagon has been 
purchased with local subscriptions. 

Commandant — G. G. Fiddes. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Giddings. 

Quartermaster — George Baxter. 

Section Leaders.— G. A. Piper ; F. W. Price ; E. W. Sears. 
Members. — J. E. Adnams ; H. J. Allingham ; J. Allingham ; 

A. M. Allison; E. Arnold; J. Bennett; W. S. Bolas ; 

J. Britt ; J. Brown ; W. Burton ; J. J. Claydon ; H. T. 

Collis; W. H. Dennis; L. B. Finch; H. Friend; E. G. 

Gilmore ; H. Grenyer ; L. Hammacott ; T. Harris ; W. 

Hatch ; W. R. Hawkins ; A. Ireland ; O. M. Kent ; G. 

Knight; P. Knight; E. E. Laws; R. C. Lee; A. Malt- 
house ; A. J. Malthouse ; W. E. Malthouse ; A. Mould ; 

T. H. Oram ; F. J. Petri ; W. Russell ; A . J. Scutcher ; 

H. W. Strike ; F. Thornton ; S. Thornton ; H. A. Tilbrook ; 

W. Treagus ; E. Venables ; J. Welch ; H. Wordsley ; 

T. Young. 

Kent 41, Beckenham, is a new detachment 
preparing itself for special work. Ten members 
belong to the medical profession. 

Commandant — Dr. Stilwell. 
Medical Officer — Dr. Randell. 

Pharmacist — Dr. Curtis. 
Quartermaster — Dr. Trapnell. 

Members.— D. K. Allen ; H. Austin ; /. Baker ; H. G. Bates ; 
Dr. J. li. Bennett; Dr. H. B. Bolus; E. Collins ; Dr. A. 
Colyer ; J. \V. Cox ; L. Crosdale ; H. Darby ; R. Davey ; 
L. Deckers; A. G. Evans; H. E. Gotellier ; A. S. Gotts ; 
\V. Gregory; F. A. Harrison; \V. J. Hatch; A. Hawkes, 
L.D.s. ; C. Haywood; G. ll<r/.f eld ; Dr. J. E. Hewlett; 
M. Houghton; C. H. Hunt; H. B. Jonos ; N. Kent; S. 
Kingston; J>r. A. N. Leathern; G. Leo; C. Lidgey; F. 



138 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Lintot ; J. H. Lowcock ; S. L. Martin ; F. Milligan ; S. 
Moor ; D. Nottle ; A. E. Nunn, m.p.s. ; D. J. Penn ; J. H. 
Redding ; S. B. Stenning ; S. Stebbing ; — Stoyle ; F. O. 
Tindley; Dr. F. Todd; W. B. Trafford ; A. Wallace; 
H. Warcup ; C. T. Watts ; E. Wedekind ; L. Whelpton ; 
A. H. Wood. 



Kent 42, Gravesend, was the latest effort of 
the Gravesend detachments ; they had already 
established two hospitals, one at All Hallows, the 
other at the Yacht Club. 

On October 15th, these being filled with Belgian 
wounded, the long-disused Rosherville Hotel was 
taken as a hospital and quickly filled up. Each of 
the many rooms was allocated to a voluntary 
worker, who was responsible for its furnishing, 
and the hospital was completed without any call 
being made upon any funds, local or county. 
Since the opening of the hospital there has been a 
steady flow of patients through the wards. 

Under the skilled hands of the consulting 
surgeon many surgical cases have been success- 
fully dealt with in the small but perfectly appointed 
operating theatre. A motor ambulance has been 
added to the equipment. The nursing staff has 
become most efficient. The Commandant has 
charge of the transport work for the three big 
centres of Gravesend, Chatham and Faversham ; 
the distribution of wounded being undertaken by 
Doctor Skinner for the first two groups, and Dr. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 139 

Prideaux Selby for Faversham. Mr. W. R. Bruce- 
Culver is the County Secretary for Kent. 

Commandant — Edith Bruce-Culver. 

Superintendent — Elizabeth Margaret Waterman. 

Quartermaster — Irene Bingham Gadd. 

Medical Officers — Drs. Charles Outred, 

Charles Firth, Hubert Sells. 

Chaplain — Rev. Samuel Poole, m.a. 

Dentist — William Edmonds, l.d.s. eng. 

Quartermaster (attached) — William Edward Clifford. 

Secretary — Winifred Drayson. 

President of Ladies' Association — 

Helexa Westhorp. 

Members. — Fanny Alcock ; Jessie Ashdown ; Rosalinde Baker ; 
Nellie Beadle ; Dorothy Bailey ; Ellen Bentley ; Dorothea 
Blake ; May Bond ; Ethel Brailsford ; Louisa Brinkman ; 
Carrie Burleigh ; Caroline Carter ; Doris Cox ; Elsie Douglas ; 
Sophie Dowker ; Margery Drayson ; Annie Elliot ; Hilda 
Gadd ; Louisa Gibson ; Winifred Gould ; Edith Grandfield ; 
Amy Green ; Mary Halford ; Ada Hills ; Marjorie Hopkins ; 
Kathleen Horrigan ; Jessie Jones ; Fanny King ; Kato 
Legge ; Madeline Legge ; Marion Lelean ; Alice Lott ; 
Mary Mainwaring ; Kathleen Martin ; Eileen Mason ; 
Florence Mason ; Kathleen Mason ; Mary Measures ; Monica 
Mor/is ; Amy Mortlock ; Freda Nettleingham ; Olivo Orpin ; 
Mary Pack ; Lucy Penrose ; Edith Porter ; May Price ; 
Ethel Robinson ; Ruth Scriven ; Enid Sells ; Muriel Shuto ; 
Kathleen Simmonds ; Mabel Solly ; Emily Stones ; Ellen 
Stringer; A. Timson ; Annie Utting ; EffieUttinp; ; Florence 
Walker; Edith Ward ; Dorothy Waring ; Emily Wellard ; 
Evelyn Wheeler; Gertrude Whiting ; Francis Wicks ; May 
Wicks; Mabel Williams; Ethel Winder; Susan Winder; 
Mercy Wise; Dorothy Withers; Ivy Wn 

Superintend? nt of Laundry. — Fanny Could. 

Cook < v ndeni, — Grace Berry. 

Steward. — Ethel Franci 

Orderly Officer. — Doris Rowlstone. 



140 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Kent 43, Folkestone, was organised at the 
commencement of the war as the " Civic Guard," 
instruction in infantry and stretcher drill being 
given. In September the Guard became a men's 
voluntary aid detachment. 

A course of lectures on first aid was given by 
Dr. Searle and practices were carried out. 

The detachment was mobilised on October 14th, 
and in conjunction with the fire brigade (of which 
the Commandant is chief officer) has assisted the 
R.A.M.C. with the transport of wounded soldiers 
at Folkestone from hospital ships to all hospitals, 
V.A.D., civil, and military. In this connection 
Captain Brandreth Gibbs, Assistant County Direc- 
tor for No. 5 Division, has rendered great assistance. 
Commandant — Mr. H. O. Jones. 
Medical Officer — Dr. P. G. Searle. 
Quartermaster — Mr. W. C. Marsh. 

Members.— F. E. G. Bailey ; W. B. Banks ; J. E. Black ; J. 
Boorman ; A. Buttress ; A. J. Camburn ; R. Chambers 
S. Chittenden ; W. W. Cladingbowl ; J. A. Clark ; H. V 
Croucher ; J. F. Cunningham ; G. F. Davies ; J. H. Fox 
W. J. Hall ; C. Hart ; E. J. A. Hart ; W. Hilder ; A. V 
Hoad ; A. Howlett ; C. O. Humphrey ; H. F. Jackson 
P. Laws ; L. W. May ; W. H. May ; A. L. McLaren ; J 
Newble ; L. E. Owen ; R. W. Parfit ; L. Payne ; J. T 
Poole ; A. E. Powell ; W. E. Saunders ; C. Simpson 
E. H. Smith; J. Spencer; S. Stonham ; F. E. Tiddy 
S. Tunbridge ; J. W. Walton ; F. Ward ; L. WeUs ; P. J. 
Whitehead ; A. J. Whiting ; A. Woods ; F. Worsley. 

Kent 44, Tonbridge, was organised in 1911. 
On the declaration of war, emergency classes were 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 141 

held, and working parties were formed, a room at 
the Castle being lent by the Urban Council as a 
depot. A finance committee, with Mrs. Cazalet, 
Mrs. Goldsmid and Miss R. Turnbull as officers, 
collected between £700 and £800 for hospital 
work. 

On October 15th the detachment was mobilised 
and Quarry Hill House, lent by Mr. J. F. W. 
Deacon, j.p., was ready for occupation by the 
evening, and the first party of forty-seven wounded 
Belgians was quickly installed the same night. 

An operating theatre was fitted up by voluntary 
contributions. The X-ray apparatus of the Ton- 
bridge Cottage Hospital has been placed at the 
disposal of the detachment. 

The honorary medical staff consists of the whole 
of the Tonbridge medical practitioners. The Red 
Cross office, under the superintendence of Mrs. 
Newton and Mrs. Furley, has been opened in the 
High Street for the reception of gifts for the 
hospital. 

Commandant — Miss J. R. Taylor. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Isaac Newton. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss Topiiam. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. Jukes. 

Assist. Quartermaster — Miss (J. Pilditch. 

Eon. Dentist— Mr. H.W. Th . 

Members. — Daisy Beeching ; Hilda Beeeliinp ; Nellie Bceching; 
Marjory I '.jl-im >!< I ; Mary Blaokden ; Eirene Bullen ; Flora 
Campbell; Grace Clou l'U ; .Margaret Clough; Violet Collins ; 



142 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Kate Dain ; Mary Dain ; Blanche Evans ; Evelyn Gaimes ; 
Lilla Germain ; Alicia Grice ; Mary Harmer ; Isabella 
Henderson ; Margaret Henson ; May Hicks ; Agnes Howes ; 
Cecilia Jaquet ; Edith Johnson ; Sybil Johnson ; Annie 
Jukes ; Sarah Kirby ; Annie Kitchin ; Fadys Le Fleming ; 
Margaret Lloyd ; Hilda McGeagh ; Ethel McNeil ; Bertha 
Milner ; Jeannie Murray ; Kathleen Newton ; Mary Palin ; 
Florence Peake ; Mary Pennell ; Constance Quin ; Minnie 
Shaul ; Daisy Slight ; May Thyne ; Edith Topham ; Evelyn 
Turnbull ; Ruth Turnbull ; Grace Venning ; Daisy Walton ; 
Ivy Walton; Lilian White. 

Kent 45, Chatham, is a newly formed men's 
detachment of 48 members. 

Commandant — Capt. C. D. Levy. 

Medical Officer — Dr. G. Skinner. 

Quartermaster — C. Link. Secretary — A. Williams. 

Kent 45 (attached), Gillingham. The members 
of the Fire Brigade have been keenly interested 
and successful in ambulance work for many years. 
Chief Officer Plewis holds the medal of the "Life 
Saving Society of France," and acts as Secretary 
to this new and alert detachment. 

Commandant — George Peddle. 

Medical Officer — Dr. E. C. Warren. 

Quartermaster — Ernest C. Read. 

Pharmacist — George William Kenney. 

Section Leaders. — E. Annett ; E. P. Bines ; G. H. Hillisley ; 
W. J. Young. Secretary. — W. Plewis. 

Kent 46, Elham, was first initiated by Miss 
Hordern, meetings for instruction and practice 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 143 

being held. On the departure of Miss Hordern 
from Elham in the spring of 1914 the present 
Commandant took charge. 

The detachment was mobilised on October 16th 
and received instructions to prepare a hospital at 
the Parish Room, offered rent free by the vicar, and 
at the adjoining house, with a total accommodation 
for fourteen patients. The furniture and beds 
were lent by the inhabitants of Elham, and friends 
at Barham contributed to the equipment, the 
Elham organisation for the relief of the wounded 
also supplying a large part. The vicar was respon- 
sible for the firing and lighting of the Parish Room. 
Invaluable help was given by the members of the 
Elham Men's Fellowship. 

On October 26th the first party of twelve 
wounded Belgians arrived from the trenches. 

Commandant — Miss Mabel S. Harris. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Henderson. 

Lady Superintendent — Mrs. Dennis. 

Quartermaster — Miss Mercer. 

Members. — Ruth Biron ; Emily Chandler ; Dorothy File ; 
Elsie Gansby ; Elizabeth Gatehouse; Dorothy Gellatly j 
Frances Hubble ; Louisa Jones ; Effie Meakin ; Monica 
Mercer; Evelyn Moore Lane; Tina Palmer; Cicely Shep- 
pard ; Susan Whitnull ; Georgette Williams. 



Kent 17, Beceenham. Formed by Major 
Bennett in February, 1915, to work in connection 



144 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

with the Women's Detachment, No. 132, at 
Brooklyn Hospital, Sydenham. 

Commandant — Major Bennett, v.d. 

Medical Officer — Dr. James Gilchrist. 

Quartermaster — J. H. Hayes. 

Pharmacist — A. B. Makepeace. 

Members.— I. T. Baguley ; S. Baxter; F. Baxter; J. W. 
Bennett ; W. M. Boag ; A. Brown ; C. T. Dalton ; F. C. 
Deane; C. Edmonds; E. Garratt; A. Harwood; H. Hayes; 
H. D. Jameson ; H. Jordan ; F. C. Kessell ; J. Parker ; 
C. Short ; G. Small ; C. Tilliam ; J. Tilliam ; L. Webster. 



Kent 48, Ashford. On the outbreak of war a 
local Committee was called together to prepare for 
emergencies and to collect funds (£320 was eventu- 
ally received). The detachment started surgical 
working parties, and prepared as a hospital the 
Congregational schoolroom (lent by Rev. G. H. 
Russell and his deacons) with accommodation for 
forty beds. The small ward in this building was 
opened on October 14th for sick Territorials, and 
on October 22nd the first party of Belgians 
arrived ; since then three more convoys of Bel- 
gians have passed through the wards. 

The work of the hospital has been chiefly amongst 
the local troops, for whom no other hospital is 
available. Over three hundred patients in all have 
been treated. There are seventy members, includ- 
ing three trained nurses. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 145 

Mr. Fitz Hugh has charge of the important 
transport work for the Ashford group of hospitals, 
and sincere thanks are expressed to him for much 
self-denying labour ; also to Mr. Gregg, of Kent 11, 
who has acted as honorary steward ; and the 
members of Kent 11 and 13 for help with night 
orderly work. Also to Miss Pledge, of " Con- 
tingent " K 48, for much- valued help. 

Commandant — Mrs. I. M. Buckland. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Colvtlle. 

Lady Superintendent — Mrs. Coke. 

Quartermaster — Miss Knock. 

Assist. Quartermaster — Miss Thorpe. 

Members. — Madge Adams ; Margaret Avery ; Dora Bailey ; 
Kathleen Bailey ; Vera Baker ; Violet Barker ; Naomi 
Bates ; Dorothy Bennett ; Olivia Broadbank ; Annie 
Burrows ; Violet Catchpole ; Augusta Chantler ; Christina 
Chapman ; Ethel Chapman ; Violet Checksfield ; Frances 
Mary Clapson ; Hilda Cooper ; Gladys Cox ; Ada Crux ; 
Nance Daniel ; Nellie Davis ; Marie Do Luze ; Carey Down ; 
Irene Down ; Katherino Down ; Victoria Down ; Frances 
Edwards-Ker (Trained Nurse) ; Constance Elliot ; Julia 
Fenn ; Madeline Halloran ; Bridget Jemmett ; Mary 
J i tinings ; Elsie Kingsford ; Evelyn Kingsf ord ; Hilda 
Kingsnorth ; Katherine Leigh Pemberton ; May Loigh 
Pemberton ; Mary Lewis ; Ethel Luckhurst ; Dorothy 
Mallion ; Jessie Morton ; Norah Morton ; Dorothy Neal ; 
Marjorio Oakley; Margaret Oliver; May Pickering; Ellin 
Pullen ; Lily Quested ; Elizabeth Quick ; Laura Shingleton ; 
Raohe] Shorter; Kate Skelton (Trained Nurse); — 

Standen ; Kate Tapley ; Edith Wellard. 

K 



146 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Recruits. — Dorothy Beaney ; Katharine Beck ; Dorothy Butler ; 
Gertrude May Caffeyn ; Kathleen Margaret Creery ; Nellie 
Godden ; — Norie ; Edith Porter ; Ida Scott ; Mildred 
Scott ; Alberta Treadwell ; Elizabeth Laura Treadwell ; 
Ethel Waters ; Madge Wickham ; Bertha Williams ; Irene 
Wind ; Muriel Gertrude Winthrop. 

Kent 50, Bromley Common, Keston and 
Hayes, was started in 1912. 

In the previous year Lady Lubbock arranged 
classes in Red Cross work at her house, and it was 
at these classes that the older members qualified. 
At the outbreak of war the detachment worked 
for a time at the Bromley Cottage Hospital. 

Mobilisation took place on October 13th, 1914, 
and most of the beds were occupied by Belgian 
soldiers on the following day. 

There are three hospitals under the care of this 
detachment : 

1. Bloomfield Road, Bromley Common, kindly 
lent by the trustees of the Primitive Methodist 
Schools, with twenty-five beds. 

2. "The Rookery," Bromley Common, where 
Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Norman are kindly lending 
three large rooms with eighteen beds. 

3. " Lodore," Mason's Hill, where Mr. and Mrs. 
Hennah take in seven patients, free of all expense. 

The detachment has received much willing help 
and many useful gifts, including a number of 
valuable instruments for surgical work. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 147 

Thanks to the further generosity of Mr. A. C. 
Norman a new large hospital with an operating 
theatre and fifty beds has been opened at 
" Oakley " in place of the present main building. 

There is at this hospital an installation for hot- 
air treatment for joint diseases ; also a complete 
equipment for electrical massage. 

The honorary consulting surgeons are Frank 
Kidd, Esq., f.r.c.s., Richard Warren, Esq., f.r.c.s., 
Lewis Smith, Esq., m.d., and Dr. Daley, anaes- 
thetist, the surgeons and physicians respectively 
of the London Hospital. 

The kitchen arrangements are directed by 
Mrs. Harris, head cook, Mrs. Craster and Miss 
Cooling. Very valuable assistance with the 
accounts has been rendered by Mr. Gilliard. 

Two hundred and forty patients have passed 
through the hospitals. 

Commandant — Miss Madge Boosey. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Chaster. 
Lady Superintendent — Miss A. Sandle. 
Quartermaster — Miss M. Clowes. 
Assist. Quartermaster — Miss R. Lubbock. 

Members. — Cortrudo Allen; May Anderson; Gertrude Atkin- 
son ; Enid Boosey ; Sarah Clifford ; Kate Cooling ; Mary 
( raster; Marian Dann ; Cicely Dodgson ; Laura Fox; 
Rosa Garrard; l\;it. (hirrard; Catherine Harris; Louisa 
Haw kings ; Nellie Hoathcote ; Amy Hutchinson; Edith 
Lawrence; Hilda Lubbook ; Dorothy Lubbock; Mildred 
Lubbock; Madeline Lenox Conyngham; Edith Memess ; 



148 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Hilda Murphy ; Mary Norman ; Virginia Norman ; Doris 
Potter ; Beryl Ritter ; Gertrude Sandle ; Elizabeth Slessor ; 
Sarah Smith ; Barbara Stiles ; Elsie Trevor ; Mary Tucker ; 
Irene Wheeler-Bennett ; Grace Wood ; Leiia Wright. 

Kent 52, Bromley. The members of this 
detachment — the earliest formed in Bromley — 
have been actively engaged since 1910, and upon 
the outbreak of war in August, 1914, well-thought- 
out preparations were made by the Commandant 
for equipping a hospital. 

When, therefore, the dual order to mobilise and 
prepare a hospital was received, the Masonic Hall, 
previously promised by the Directors, became the 
centre of the detachment's activities. 

Within half an hour about two dozen members 
paraded, some of whom were dispatched to collect 
equipment which various friends had promised, 
and for this purpose Mr. George Pyrke of High 
Street, Bromley, kindly lent a motor-van. 

By 2 a.m. on Wednesday, October 14th, the 
members were to be seen scrubbing the floors and 
putting up the beds. Before 12 noon twenty-seven 
beds were ready, and three hours later these were 
occupied by wounded Belgian soldiers. 

Thus the hall, which would otherwise have been 
the scene of an important Masonic gathering^that 
evening, was transformed into a hospital, showing 
the sad and cruel results of modern warfare. 

Steps were taken for equipping two extra 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 149 

wards ; storerooms, an operating theatre, have been 
arranged, and the accommodation is now complete 
for forty-seven patients. In addition to the main 
hospital several important annexes have been 
available through the generosity of neighbouring 
residents, as follows : 

Mr. T. C. Dewey, in addition to entirely pro- 
viding in the Cottage Hospital the ward which 
bears his name, has arranged the pavilion in his 
garden as two splendid wards, capable of taking 
twelve patients. Miss Davies and Miss Larkin 
are in charge. 

Mr. A. H. K. Squire gave up the greater part 
of his residence, " Whitegarth," for the recep- 
tion of fourteen patients, and Mrs. Squire, with the 
assistance of other ladies, generously provided 
for the wounded under care at this hospital. 

Mr. Coles Child gave up part of Bromley 
Palace, his residence, and Mrs. Coles Child and 
her daughters undertook the nursing of eight 
patients during the rush in the earlier days. 

Mr. and Mrs. A. M. Rogers have entirely pro- 
vided twelve beds at their house, " Langley 
Wood," and have been most kind and successful 
in their elf oils. 

Mr. and Mrs. P. Boyd have also unselfishly 
given up a pari of their house at 21 Holwood 
Road and have continuously cared for twelve 
patients. 



150 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Mr. and Mrs. H. D. Keif have kindly supplied 
four beds at No. 88 Hayes Road. 

The detachment is greatly indebted to the Lady 
Superintendent, Miss Ada Boss, for the valuable 
services which she has freely and unsparingly given 
at all times of the day and night ; also to Mrs. 
Whittle and her band of workers for self-denying 
duty in the kitchens. Best thanks are expressed 
to Mr. Temple West and to Mrs. Peill for much 
kindly consideration of the patients' needs. 

Commandant — Miss Ethel A. Coad. 
Medical Officer — Dr. R. Montgomery. 
Lady Superintendent — Miss Ada Boss. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. J. H. Yolland. 

Members. — Margaret Anderson ; Norah Atkinson ; Marjory 
Best ; Dorothy Bradshaw ; Joan Cardwell ; Zoe Carey ; 
Doris Carr ; Audrey Coles Child ; Florence Covell ; Edith 
Darby ; Irene Doxford ; Helen Durbridge ; Kathleen Ellis ; 
Marjory Ellis ; Gwendolen Evans ; Evelyn Fischer ; Lily 
Gunton ; Lucy Hall ; Minnie Hawkings ; Nellie Heaysman ; 
Helen Hemus ; Lucy Jenyns ; Louisa Larkins ; Mary 
Lewis ; Florence Milloy ; Norah Myers ; Agatha Nicholson ; 
Margaret Nicholson ; Ethel Payne ; Emily Peill ; Elsie 
Pope ; Dora Prechtel ; Winifred Quelch ; Louise Rayden ; 
Hilda Rogers ; Irene Rogers ; Louise Rossell ; Stella 
Sanderson ; Eleanor Satherthwaite ; Bessie Silver ; Doris 
Slipper ; Kathleen Thompson ; Dorothy Tilling ; Annie 
Walters ; Edith Walthew ; Grace Weller ; Amy Whittle ; 
Gertrude Whittle ; Hilda Wilkins ; Roma Wood. 

Elstree Hospital, Bromley, is worked in connec- 
tion with Kent 52. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 151 

After " Whitegarth " was given up, Mr. Medcalf 
generously offered " Elstree," a beautifully situated 
house near by. Here a first-class hospital, com- 
plete in every detail, has been formed. There are 
twenty-three beds and a fully-equipped operating 
theatre. 

The hospital is managed by a committee : 
Messrs. C. Shaw Lovell, Chairman ; E. W. Tilling ; 
W. Howard Wood ; T. Durbridge, Junr. ; A. H. K. 
Squire ; W. Sommerville ; Egerton C. Lovell ; 
Ernest Durbridge, Treasurer ; Bertram Hellyer, 
Secretary. 

The staff consists of Colonel D'Arcy Power, 
Honorary Consulting Surgeon ; Dr. Alfred E. 
Price, Honorary Medical Officer ; Miss Holmes, 
the sister in charge ; Miss Sparkes, the night 
nurse ; assisted by Mrs. Ernest Durbridge, Mrs. 
Bertram Hellyer, Mrs. Egerton Lovell, Mrs. Edward 
Medcalf, Mrs. Sommerville, Mrs. Squire, Mrs. 
Tilling, and Mrs. Howard Wood, forming the 
Ladies' Committee ; also Miss Dorothy Bartrum, 
Miss Eleanor Bruce, Mrs. George Codd, Miss Mar- 
guerite Cuneo, Miss Florence Durbridge, Mrs. 
Hubert Faber, Mrs. Vernon Lovell, Mrs. Ernest 
Potter, Miss Isabel Potter, Miss Marian Tatham, 
and Mrs. Thorpe. 

Kent 54, Bromley, came into being j u March, 
1912, and ;il once frequent meetings were started 



152 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

for instruction in Red Cross work, many members 
being able to gain practical experience in nursing 
in the wards of the Marylebone Infirmary and the 
Bromley Cottage Hospital. Field days were held, 
and the camps at Heme and Rolvenden were well 
attended. 

On October 14th, at 2 a.m., a message was re- 
ceived to prepare accommodation for wounded, 
and St. Mary's Church Hall, kindly lent by Rev. 
W. Gowans and his Church Hall Committee, was 
quickly prepared as a V.A.D. hospital. 

Alderman G. Weeks installed a bath, and geysers 
were lent by the S. Suburban Gas Co. Vans, kindly 
lent by Messrs. Soans and Son and Humerston and 
Co., collected equipment promised by friends, and 
by 12 noon the wards were cleaned, furnished, and 
were ready to receive the first convoy of wounded. 
In two days the number of patients had risen to 
sixty-five. 

Apart from the care and skill bestowed on the 
patients by the late Medical Officer, Dr. Cyril Uott 
(who has now taken up Army medical duties), the 
sisters and members, the food is all cooked by 
voluntary members on the premises. 

An excellent operating theatre has been installed, 
owing to the generosity of friends, with an opera- 
ting table and high-pressure steriliser. 

A long verandah has been given and erected, 
and motor owners have freely given the use of 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 153 

their cars. They have also conveyed the patients 
to London for the special treatment kindly 
accorded by Dr. Gustave Hamel. 

In the earlier stages of the war Mrs. Loly most 

generously furnished Quernmore School Infirmary 

as an extra hospital, and still holds the same fully 

prepared in case of future emergencies. It is only 

just to record that much valuable assistance has 

been given to this detachment by Colonel Lewin. 

Commandant — Mrs. Lewin. 

Medical Officers — Dr. A. C. Haslam, 

Dr. Herbert Ilott, Dr. Henshaw. 

Lady Superintendent — Mrs. Noakes. 

Quartermaster — Miss D. Tweedy. 

Members. — Dorothy Addiscott ; Ella Addiscott ; Winifred 
Addiscott ; Annie Airey ; Alice Alston ; Enid Atkinson ; 
Gladys Bourner ; Rene Bourner ; Ruth Buck ; May 
Grant Burls ; Harriet M. Carlyon ; Nellie Cave ; Zoe 
Cave ; Estelle Clarke ; Ella Cossins ; Ethel Cowen ; Ger- 
trude Dale ; Millie Darby ; Henrietta Denney ; Mary 
Draper ; Adeline Edwards ; Dorothy Elliott ; Ethel Ell- 
man ; E. A. Findlay ; Elise Flint ; Marjorie Forman ; 
Dorothy France ; Joyce Gayford ; Violet Gibbs ; Christiania 
Greenhill ; G. M. L. Griffith ; Joan Hay ; Dorothy Hen- 
wood ; Ethel Henwood ; Marjorie Henwood ; Edith Holtom ; 
Dorothea Lewin ; Mary March ; Kate Marlow ; Vera Mead ; 
Grace Moger ; Maude Moore ; Hilda Munday ; Emily 
Parr ; Eva Poachey ; Mabel Peachey ; Helen Porteous ; 
Norah Ransom; Violet Richardson; Ruth Richardson; 
Mabel Ridley; Maud Sharp; Mary Sketcldey ; Kathloen 
Btahlsohinidt ; Marjorie Stokes; Ivy Sutton; Edith 
Trimmer; Gertrude Vascy ; Marjorio Woyman ; Nellio 
Wilson. 

Kent 54 (attached), Siiortlands. The Parish 



154 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Room, Shortlands, was opened on October 22nd, 
1914, as a hospital. The staff is drawn from ladies 
of the neighbourhood who had previously passed 
their examinations, and is under the charge of 
Nurse Hooper. Local ladies worked hard to pre- 
pare the hospital, and the residents have freely 
sent gifts both in money and kind. 

Commandant and Medical Officer — 

Dr. Hawke. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss F. Bonner. 

Quartermasters — 
Mrs. Hawke and Mrs. Stahlschmidt. 

Members. — Mabel Cohen ; Madge Eglington ; Lavinia Evelyn- 
Jones ; Iris Gill ; Margaret Grantham ; Mary Harley- 
Thomas ; Evelyn Hewetson ; Mabel Klaber ; Eileen 
Lanham ; Kathleen Lloyd ; Susan Mackie ; Constance 
Payne ; Edith Scobell ; Annie Stubbs ; Evelyn Taylor ; 
Florence Temple ; Lilian Walker. 

Kent 56, Sevenoaks, was first formed by the 
Honourable Victoria Sackville West. Early in 
1913 the detachment had outgrown its capacity 
and was divided, Kent 76 then being formed 
under Mrs. Hilder. 

Later in the same year Miss Sackville West 
resigned and the present Commandant took charge. 

In August, 1914, the detachment increased its 
activities, and on October 14th mobilisation orders 
were received. St. John's Sunday School room was 
quickly prepared as a hospital, and the first convoy 
of Belgian wounded was installed. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 155 

The hospital has room for fifty cases, and an 
operating theatre has been fitted up. 

Many valuable gifts have been received from 
Lady Sackville, Mr. Robert Mond, and many 
others. 

Commandant — Miss Aurea Lambarde. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Sterry. 

Lady Superintendent — Nurse Dunn. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. Smithers. 

Members. — Elinor Baddeley ; Queenie Battiscombe ; Ruby 
Battiscombe ; Violet Battiscombe ; Agnes Beake ; Mary 
Boyd ; Marjorie Campbell ; Lisa Carnell ; Marjorie Craw- 
ford ; Gulielma Deane ; Fanny Dodd ; Elfrida Dunkerley ; 
Jessie Ellman ; Beatrice Evans ; Evelyn Fawcett ; Em- 
meline Gibson ; Adeline Harmer ; Mabel Kraftmeier ; 
Helen Laurie ; Emily Loveland ; Marjorie Pittar ; Olive 
Rubens ; Lilian Sills ; Margaret Sills ; Mollie Smithers ; 
Constance Stamp ; Lilian Swanzy ; Delia Tiemey ; Ethel 
Whebby ; Joyce Wright. 

Kent 58, Chevening, was formed four years 
ago. The hospital was opened on October 14th, 
when thirty Belgians were admitted. There were 
then two buildings in use, Chipstead Mission Hall 
and Chipstead Place, lent by Mr. Duvecn for 
three months. Resides men from overseas, local 
troops have been admit ted. 

Generous gifts have been received, support 
coming even from Australia and America. The 
regular staff has been greatly increased. Much 
valuable assistance has been received from am- 
bulance men. As Chipstead Place is now closed 



156 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

there is only one ward of thirty-two beds, but a 
kind anonymous friend of the hospital is having 
an annexe built to the Mission Hall which will 
greatly augment the accommodation. 

Commandant — Miss Beryl Hall-Hall. 

Vice-Commandant — Ethel Voelcker. 

Medical Officer — Dr. J. F. Alexander. 

Assistant Medical Officer — Dr. Macartney. 

Lady Superintendent — Nurse Bevan. 

Quartermaster — A. Shilbeck. 

Assistant Quartermaster — Cara Hall-Hall. 

Sisters — Beavan, M. Da vies, Stevens. 

Nurses and Nursing Orderlies. — Elizabeth Ansell ; B. Auckorn ; 
Norah Arnott ; Sarah Breething ; Elizabeth Booker ; Mary 
Burfoot ; Florence Campell ; Annie Clarke ; Alice Conell ; 
Florence Carter ; E. Dark ; Florence Drake ; Phyllis 
Detelebach ; Ethel Gold ; Isabella Gold ; Ethel Glazier ; 
Annie Hamlin ; Claretta King ; Muriel King ; Faith 
Laurence ; Phyllis Meyerstein ; Enid Mort ; Dorothy 
Punter ; Helen Riall ; Nellie Smith ; Winifred Smythe ; 
Toy Snartt ; Beatrice Turnell ; Cicely Wreford ; Frances 
Wreford ; Kathleen Wreford ; Diana Wreford ; Gertrude 
White. 

Kitchen Staff. Bashford ; A. Cole ; Mildred Costen ; — Dark 

Helen Dumere ; Joan Dumere ; — Flint ; De C. Godfrey 

— Hubble ; Joan Hounsome ; Emily Jackson ; — Jobson 
Norah King ; Jane Lewis ; Margaret Mort ; D. Peters 

— Pinher ; Elizabeth Polhill-Drabble ; — Rocheling , 

— Rogers ; Dorothy Rayner ; Alice Scott ; Caroline 
Stocking ; — Smith ; — Waller ; J. Waller. 

Assistant Night Nurses. Bichley and — Carrie-Smith. 

Permanent Orderly. — J. Robson. 

R.A.M.O. Orderlies. Farrell ; — Shard ; — Savage. 

Scouts from Dunton Green and Brasted. 

Kent 60, Chislehurst. In May, 1912, a 
meeting was called by Dr. Allan, to consider the 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 157 

advisability of forming a voluntary aid detachment 
in the neighbourhood, and Kent 60 was the out- 
come, with Miss Alston as Commandant. Miss 
Alston resigned in the following September, and 
the present Commandant took charge. 

In the Yolland shield competition of 1913 the 
detachment gained over 90 per cent marks, and was 
awarded a prize stretcher ; while during the 1914 
camp the composite detachment, of which Kent 60 
formed a part, won the silver challenge bowl. 

Throughout August and September, 1914, the 
detachment worked hard to prepare the necessary 
equipment for a hospital, and members were able 
to gain some practical experience at the local civil 
hospital. 

Orders to mobilise were received at midnight 
on October 13th, and Christ Church Hall with 
twenty-five beds was ready for occupation by 
6 a.m. the next day. The first convoy of thirty- 
three Belgians was received at 9 a.m., the slighter 
cases being sent to " Coed Bel," where Miss Fox 
kindly lent the sanatorium with eight beds. 
Mrs. Gibson acted as trained nurse by day and 
Miss Gibson by night. After two days instructions 
were received to prepare for more patients, and 
Abbey Lodge was equipped as a hospital ; the 
second convoy of thirty Belgians arriving on 
October 17th. 

The initial difficulties of preparing this hospital 



158 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

were great, as the house had been long empty, but 
it is specially adapted for its present use as it is 
built on institutional lines. 

Dr. Brennan performed much excellent work at 
the outset of affairs. 

The services of Sister Treasure and Nurse North 
have been much appreciated. 

Christ Church Hospital was moved to " Brook- 
lyn," lent by Mr. Acton Garle, during the winter. 

The late Mr. William Willett was instrumental 
in obtaining the use of Abbey Lodge for a year 
rent free from Mr. Erskine of Ryde. The Rev. 
G. H. Pole gave his Parish Room at great incon- 
venience, and Mr. George Croll has been most 
generous and has taken unfailing interest in the 
hospital, while Mr. Straus has kindly helped with 
the accounts. The residents of Chislehurst have 
helped considerably with contributions. Two 
hundred and forty-nine patients have been cared 
for in the hospitals. 

Commandant — Miss Beatrix Batten. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Allan. 

Deputy Medical Officer — Dr. Laws on. 

Quartermaster — Miss L. Pole. 

Members. — Theodora Adamson ; Winifred Alston ; Dorothy 
Batten ; Margaret Cadell ; Evaline Clark ; Elsie Doran ; 
Elizabeth Fanner ; Ellen Dorothy Forest ; Doris Greeff ; 
Grace Greengrass ; Janet Joyce ; Lilian Knight ; Lucy A. 
Maccall ; Annie O'Brien ; Honor O'Brien ; Luisa Page ; 
Marjorie Pattisson ; Gladys Pole ; Hilda Pole ; Muriel Pole ; 
Ellen Pott ; Elaine Powell ; Kathleen Powell ; May Rena 
Wilson. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 159 

Supernumeraries. — Dagmar Bennett ; Eileen Bennett ; Mrs. 
Good ; Suzanne Good ; Dora Howard ; Edith Margetson ; 
Agnes Mc Farlane ; Edith Murton ; Agnes Paterson ; 
Dorothy Payne ; Marian de Quincey ; Doris Search ; 
Dorothy Warrington ; Norah Webb ; Jessie Whyte ; Mar- 
jorie Whyte. 



Kent 62, Sidcup, was started in 1912 on the 
initiative of Dr. George Davis. 

On the declaration of war the officers of the 
Congregational Church, Sidcup, freely offered 
their lecture hall and school premises to be arranged 
as a hospital to contain thirty-four beds in three 
wards. The whole of the furniture was lent 
locally, and a generous gift of equipment was 
received from the Working Guild of the Congrega- 
tional Church. Six trained nurses have given 
their services voluntarily. 

A fourth ward has now been added, by the kind- 
ness of the W T esleyan Church in lending their 
school premises, to hold sixteen beds, bringing the 
total up to fifty. 

Dr. Davis having gone to the front, the present 
Medical OHicer has been appointed. 

Commandant — Mrs. Reed. 

Medical Officer— Du. T. D. Miller. 

Lady Superintendent— Miss Finch. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. Dawbarn. 

Members. — Gladys Anderson; Violet Anderson; Annie Atkin- 
son ; Alexandra Balls ; Ada Beale ; Elorenco Bcale ; Lizzio 



160 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Braund ; Rose Callender ; Edith Chiltern ; Minnie Close ; 
Marion Cross ; George Dalton ; Rosa Dalton ; Edith David- 
son ; Eleanor Davis ; Amys Easten ; Leila Eley ; Evelyn 
Elliott ; Florence Farnneld ; Marjory Fletcher ; Isabel 
Foster ; Theresa Foster ; Jessie Harries ; Audrey Hewitt ; 
Mary Horten ; Maud Jenkins ; Emily Membrey ; Amy 
Millard ; Mary Palmer ; Florence Parsons ; Dulcie Rack- 
ham ; Joyce Rayment ; Madge Ross ; Mildred Rowbotham ; 
Carrie Snelling ; Dorothy Stevenson ; Amy Townend ; 
Mary Wells ; Elsie Wilkinson ; Winifred Wilkinson ; 
GwenthlHan Williams ; Agnes Woodcock ; Elsie Young. 



Kent 64, Westgate, was formed in 1912. 
Mobilised on October 14th, 1914, fifty-two Belgian 
soldiers were received in the early morning of the 
following day at Quex Park, Birchington, the 
private residence of Major and Mrs. Powell- 
Cotton. 

On November 4th the detachment moved to 
" High Beach," Westgate, taking with them the 
wounded then under treatment. This house, then 
standing empty, was lent by the trustees of the 
late Mrs. du Pre Thornton as a temporary hospital, 
with accommodation for forty-seven patients. 
The whole of the equipment was provided by the 
people of the neighbourhood. 

A local fund subscribed in the neighbourhood 
was placed at the disposal of the detachment with 
a representative Committee to control it. 

On January 5th the Medical Officer, Dr. Ruther - 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 161 

ford, joined the R.A.M.C., and the present Medical 
Officer was appointed. 

Commandant — Mrs. Staveley. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Heaton. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss Kennedy. 

Quartermaster — Miss Cowl-Payne. 

Members.— Fanny Burchell ; Agnes Cazalet ; Constance Cowl- 
Payne ; Ethel Cross ; Vyvyan Davies ; Ada Grant ; Dorothy 
Hubbard ; Florence Ingram ; Hilda Ingram ; Mary Isted ; 
Ada Kennedy ; Muriel Klaber ; Eveline Knowles ; Mary 
Muncey ; Aline North ; Ella Rogers ; May Rogers ; Ada 
Rowe ; Ethel Stringer ; Ethel Sugden ; Bessie Teetgen ; 
Agnes Towers ; Ethel Wright. 

Kent 66, Chislehurst. In July, 1913, the 
Chislehurst detachment had become so large that 
it was thought desirable that two detachments 
should be made, and No. 66 was then formed. 

Much work had been done in obtaining promises 
of the loan of houses and equipment, and the lists 
were fortunately so complete that on mobilisation 
everything was ready. Late on October 13th the 
detachment was called up ; Holbrook House was 
taken over, scrubbed and fitted up complete as a 
hospital with thirty-five beds by 5 a.m. At 9 a.m. 
thirty-five Belgians were received. On October 16th 
orders were given to prepare another hospital, and 
Hornbrook House was equipped with accommoda- 
tion for fifty patients, mid by the 26th the two 
hospitals contained ninety-three patients. Since 
then the hospitals have undergone many improve- 



162 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

ments, thanks to a host of friends, including the 
fitting up of a splendid modern operating theatre 
with a large steriliser. 

Friends have freely offered their motors for 
transport from the station to the hospital. A 
constant flow of wounded and sick, including men 
from the Expeditionary Force, has passed through 
the wards. The Medical Officer has charge jointly 
with Dr. Sterry of the No. 1 Division of Kent, and 
much is due to his energy and ability. 

Commandant — Mrs. Allan. 
Medical Officer — Dr. Allan. 
Lady Superintendent — Miss E. Hunter. 
Quartermaster— Miss M. Villiers. 

Members. — Gladys Allen ; Lorna Battiscombe ; Margaret 
Battiscombe ; Elsie Bosworth ; Sylvia Bosworth ; Nurse 
Bush ; Elsie Christopher ; Annie Clarke ; Louisa Dennis ; 
Kate Dixon ; Maude Dixon ; Mabel Dixon ; Jane Eade ; 
Nurse Foster ; Emily Garrett ; Gwen George ; Mary Groom- 
bridge ; Aleen Heber-Percy ; Janet James ; Viscountess 
Edith Kerckhove ; Edith Kerckhove ; Rosita Kerckhove ; 
Iris King ; Vera King ; Nurse Meech ; Margaret Mens ; 
Louisa Mudd ; Elsie Nash ; Isabel Nevill ; Dorothy 
Nicolls ; Florence Nightingale ; Helen Oldendorff ; Agnes 
Ousley ; Grace Pierce ; Margaret Pinyon ; Mary Pudsey 
Bridget Robinson ; Jessie Sicklemore ; Lucia Slade 
Winifred Thompson ; Sophie Tiarks ; Florence Turner 
Bessie Turner ; Evelyn Tylor ; Mary Watson ; Winifred 
Whitehead. 

Bath Orderly. — Louis Bayman. 

Kent 68, Sittingbourne, was formed in 1911 
by Colonel Honeyball in conjunction with a com- 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 163 

mittee, of which the Earl of Westmorland was 
president. On mobilisation the detachment opened 
the Red Cross hospital in a house lent by Mr. G. H. 
Dean of Sittingbourne, and has done excellent 
work since. 

Commandant — Mrs. Honeyball. 

Medical Officers — 

Drs. Burford Taylor, C. Ind, G. Taunton. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss Seal. 

Quartermaster — Miss Ost. 

Members. — Bertha Andrews ; Maud Baker ; Maud Beriff ; Rose 
Boucher ; Annie Boulding ; Constance Bullen ; Edith Chesson ; 
Dorothy Chrisfield ; Victoria Christmas ; Maud Clinch ; 
Winifred Creagh ; Mary Cremer ; Lily Curry ; Lilian 
Doubleday ; Lily Fry ; Bertha Gardiner ; Dorothy Gardner ; 
Kate Gates ; Maud Giles ; Frances Goodhew ; Maud 
Goodhew ; Gladys Grant ; Nora Green ; Dorothy Gunnell ; 
Jane Holdstock ; Alice Leigh-Pemberton ; Carrie Luck- 
hurst ; Laura Meers ; Mary Millen ; Bertha Nicholls ; 
Ellen Ost ; Ellen Palmer ; Florence Palmer ; Ethel Pliil- 
potts ; Ellen Reeves ; Hilda Reynolds ; Esther Ricconimi ; 
Charlotte Robinson ; Agnes Roper ; Dorothy Scoones ; 
Julia Scoones ; Edith Stanley ; Olivet Stanton ; Netty 
Stuart ; Mary Tagert ; Henrietta Tarrant ; Josephine 
Tarrant ; Vera Tarrant ; Mary Taunton ; Edith Waddeys ; 
Agnes Watts. 

Kent 70, Canterbury, was started in 1912 by 
Miss M. C. Waterfield, through the St. John 
Ambulance Association. In May, 1914-, the 
detachment became so large that it was divided, 
Miss Wemyss being made Commandant of the 
second half, known as Kent loo V.A.D. 



164 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

From the beginning of August, 1914, members 
worked in the Kent and Canterbury Hospital, 
both in the wards and in the operating theatre. 
The two detachments, on the outbreak of war, 
started to prepare a hospital. St. Augustine's 
College was lent them, and a Red Cross committee 
was formed to supply funds. On August 11th 
patients from the local troops were received, but 
at the commencement of term the College had to 
be vacated. 

Fortunately the detachments were lent two 
houses, Dane John House by the executors of 
Miss Wight wick and "Abbotts Barton" by Mr. 
Bennett Goldney, M.P. for Canterbury. Kent 70 
took charge of the first, and Kent 100 took over 
"Abbotts Barton." 

Mobilised on September 19th, the two hospitals 
were quickly got ready, and patients from the 
Front were admitted. 

Dane John House, in addition to receiving 
wounded from the Front, has acted as a receiving 
hospital for the 1st and 3rd West Lancashire Field 
Ambulance. 

Four hundred and forty-eight patients have 
passed through the two hospitals. 

Many kind presents and loans for the equipment 
and upkeep of the two hospitals have been received. 

The first sister-in-charge, Miss Williams, went 
through the South African War and was afterwards 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 165 

at Woolwich. She was appointed to the Hospital 
Ship " St. Patrick " in April, 1915. 

Commandant — Miss M. C. Waterfield. 

Medical Officer — Dr. E. D. Whitehead Reid. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss G. Dodgson. 

Quartermaster — Miss A. A. Russell. 

Members. — Caroline Helena Allardyce ; Dorothy Helen Bellars ; 
Florence Bignell ; Margaret Blundell ; Dorothy Louisa Joan 
Bremner ; Florence Carter ; Maud Cattell ; Maude Cle- 
ments ; Ethel Kate Cook ; Hilda Court ; Florence Davies ; 
Kate Denne ; Mabel Denne ; Bertha Elliott ; Cristina 
Goulden ; Elizabeth Gunn ; Dorothy Honeyball ; Dorothy 
Ann Hunt ; Winifred Hunt ; Alice Fredrica Kennedy 
Frances Stephanie Kennett ; Dorothy Ivy Kimpton 
Amy Leathers ; Eliza Marshall ; Alice Maud Mason 
Gertrude Maxted ; Margaret Maxted ; Leslie Mitchell 
Edith Nash ; Phyllis Nelson ; Beatrice Muriel Norton 
Dora Pettit ; Stella Pettit ; Mabel Pittock ; Annie Reay 
Cecil Russell ; Joan Russell ; Mabel Slater ; Edith Spicer 
Louisa Spinner ; Hyacinth Staple ; G. Sutton ; Bertha 
Terry ; Elena de Vial ; Noel Westbury ; Helen Mary 
Williams ; Stella Marion Wills. 

Kent 72, Sittingbourne, was started in 1912, 
and the members earnestly prepared themselves 
Tor future emergencies. 

At the outbreak of war subscriptions were col- 
lected, and Trinity Hall, Sittingbourne, was 
kindly offered by the Rev. C. Eyre Kidson. The 
detachment was mobilised on October 14th, 1914, 
and quickly prepared the hall as a hospital. 
Loans and gifts of equipment in abundance were 
offered. 



166 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

One hundred and eighty patients have been 
treated in the hospital. The Medical Officer is 
Assistant County Director for No. 4 Division of 
Kent, and has charge also of the distribution of 
patients when convoys arrive at Sittingbourne 
Station. 

Commandant — Mrs. Prideaux Selby. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Prideaux Selby. 

Lady Superintendent — Mrs. Henderson. 

Quartermaster — Miss H. Webster. 

Members. — Jessie Apperley ; Beatrice Ayres ; Annie Barling ; 
Frances Bowles ; Maud Brightman ; Edith Colt-Williams ; 
Maud Colthup ; Ada Dalton ; Flora Dean ; Maud Dixon ; 
Elsie Entiknap ; Barbara Filmer ; Edith Filmer ; Winifred 
Gascoyne ; Annie George ; Amy Gibbings ; Rosa Goodwin ; 
Ellen Hales ; Madge Hallett ; Clara Harvey ; Fanny 
Houghton ; Hilda Jarvis ; Lucy Jarvis ; Isabel Jones ; 
Beatrice Julian ; Winifred Lefevre ; Elsie Mackenzie ; Jean 
Menter ; Lily Nix ; Millie de Pass ; Norah Pillow ; Winifred 
Piper ; Anna Potts ; Mary Prentis ; Alice Purton ; Gladys 
Seager ; Joan Selby ; Isabel Sergent ; Cecilia Sewell ; 
Elizabeth Street ; Dorothy Strouts ; Helen Thomson ; 
Eleanor Toulmin ; Annie Vallance ; Bertha Vallance ; 
Nora Watson ; Mary Wright. 



Kent 74, Speldhurst. Bidborough Court, 
then standing empty, was placed at the disposal 
of Kent 74 by Mr. H. J. Wood, and on mobilisation 
was quickly transformed into a model temporary 
hospital. 

The first call, on Sunday, October 25th, 1914, 
would have tested the efficiency of a much more 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 167 

experienced staff, for thirty Belgians were sent at 
the shortest notice direct from the trenches at 
Dixmude ; but everything was ready, and all was 
carried through without a hitch, the Speldhurst 
Men's Bearer Squad rendering most useful assist- 
ance. 

Commandant — Miss K. Pott. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Hesketh Biggs. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss A. Pumphrey. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. Taylor Marsh. 

Members. — Jane Allan ; Muriel Apperly ; Kathleen Bartram ; 
Julia Belcher ; Dorothy Colley ; Adeline Collins ; Nora 
Cowley ; Norah Dundas ; Hilda Field ; Idaberga Fooks ; 
Ursula Hills ; Brenda Hopkins ; Griselda Kirk ; May Kirk ; 
Lisette Lee ; Girlie Lucas ; Henrietta Martin ; Nancy 
Mason ; Theo Nicholson ; Mary Phillpotts ; Evelyn Pott ; 
Edith Pulley ; Bertha Silverthorne ; Hannah Stone ; Nora 
Sweetnam ; Ethel Talbot ; Margery Taylor ; Phyllis 
Tindall ; Doris Walter ; Elsie Warner ; Joy Williams ; 
Annslee Winton. 

Kent 76, Sevenoaks. From January of 1912 
this detachment has been in full swing. 

Sevenoaks being a centre for troops, it was 
decided on September 18th, 1914, to open for the 
use of the R. West Kent Territorials a ward in the 
Cornwall Hall. On October 14th this small effort 
was greatly enlarged, the whole hospital being 
opened, on notification of the arrival of forty-three 
wounded Belgians; and on November 24th the 
first convoy of men from the Expeditionary Force 
was received. Sonic of these soldiers were ap- 



168 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

parently incurable cases, but all have been returned 
fit for service. 

At the beginning of the new year, with the 
consent of the V.A.D. authorities, the hospital was 
taken over as a military base hospital for the 
2nd West Lancashire Field Ambulance. Since the 
beginning the work has been carried on most 
successfully, 221 cases having been dealt with, 
including a second convoy from the firing line. 

The hospital is staffed by thirty V.A.D. members, 
four trained nurses and a certificated masseuse. 

The Honorary Commandant is in charge of the 
onerous duty of transport for the Sevenoaks section, 
with Dr. Sterry as distributing officer, and much 
excellent work has been done. 

Commandant and Lady Superintendent — 

Mrs. P. Mansfield. 

Honorary Commandant — de Barri Crawshay, Esq. 

Medical Officer — Dr. P. Mansfield. 

Quartermaster — Miss Rosemary Rooker. 

Members. — Ethel Amsden : Mabel Anson ; Jessie Ashdown ; 
Mildred Athill ; Mildred Bosanquet ; Hester Bull ; Jessie 
Clark ; Elsie Clouting ; Dorothy Coleman ; Emma Crump ; 
Constance Dennes ; Florence De Ville ; Irene Durrant ; 
Doris Escombe ; Ethel Hards ; Madge Harrison ; Mary 
Hay ; Margery Hearson ; Evelyn Heslop ; Gertrude Heslop ; 
Freda Hilder ; Dorothy Limbrick ; Nora Linnell ; Kathleen 
Madden ; Arthur Martin ; Margaret Martin ; Alex Norman ; 
Lylie Pearce Clark ; Muriel Pinchin ; Elsie Pinnell ; Phyllis 
Pinnell ; Grace Poland ; Judith Poland ; Molly Poole ; 
Cecil Rooker ; Frances Soyer ; Alice Schwartz ; Marjorie 
Sikes ; Mary Standen ; Vera Thompson ; Irene Westcombe ; 
Gertrude Winch. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 169 

Kent 78, Bickley, on mobilisation quickly got 
to work at " Southwood," Bickley, kindly lent by 
Mr. Wythes, and on the following two days forty 
wounded Belgians were installed. From that time 
to the present patients have come and gone, and 
from their grateful letters all were more than 
satisfied with their treatment. Much kindly help 
outside the detachment has been rendered, and 
the whole of Bickley has given of its best. Miss 
Gosselin was unfortunately not able to continue as 
Quartermaster after April, 1915. 

Commandant — Mrs. Fredk. Brown. 

Medical Officer — Dr. C. Lewis. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. Chisiiolm Simpson. 

Members. — Violet Boreham ; Marguerite Bouvier ; Agnes Allen 
Brown ; Muriel Clay ; Vera Clay ; Stella Clay ; Beatrice 
Davies ; May Fawcett ; Grace Gibson ; Muriel Gosselin ; 
Marjorie Henderson ; Edith Holloway ; Ethel Jefferson ; 
Jemima Jofforson ; Dorothy Jefferson ; Violet Johns ; 
Evelyn Lamb ; Georgiana Lead better ; Vera Livett ; 
Dorothy Lord; Dorothy Lovell ; Gwendolen Mawe ; Mary 
McMillan; Gladys Moore; Violet Nash; Daisy Nash; Eliza- 
beth Oboussier ; Marion Pawley ; Mabel Beresford Pierse ; 
Elizabeth Sandle ; Emily Slipper ; Lily Slipper ; Freda 
Btaoey ; Elizabeth Turpin ; Helen Vallings ; Primrose 
Vallings ; Sophie do Wacl ; Jcssio Walduck. 

Linen Room. — Mrs. and Miss McMillan. 

Kitchen Orderlies. — Mesdames Burnie ; Chaldocot ; Millar; 
Paton ; Stenning ; Sydney Smith ; Symington; Misses 
I ulcock (two) ; Cooper ; G, and M. Cork ; Downs ; Dutson ; 
Hawkins; 1 1 • ilc li . hi ; Houghton; Humphreys; Lako ; Moore; 
Howe ; Staples; Stonard ; Walters; White. 



170 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Kent 80, Farnborough. As soon as the 
present war broke out lectures were started, and 
the detachment considerably strengthened. 

The order to mobilise was received on October 
16th ; for this the trustees of the Wesleyan Church 
kindly placed at the disposal of the detach- 
ment their church, and within twelve hours a 
hospital, capable of taking seventeen patients, was 
ready, entirely equipped by loans and donations 
from residents in the neighbourhood. 

Commandant — Miss B. Greenway. 
Medical Officer — Dr. J. F. Douse. 
Lady Superintendent — Mrs. Durtnell. 
Quartermaster — Miss R. Davis. 
Members. — Beatrice Blundell ; Mabel Challen ; Gwen Davis ; 
Phyllis Davis ; Ethel Mary Douse ; Alice Ellam ; Charlotte 
Hellier ; Margaret Ledgar ; Elsie March ; Mabel Paice 
Gladys Plumbridge ; Kathleen Shannon ; Helen Sharp 
Caroline Straker ; Lilian Patricia Swan ; Constance Swift 
Lucie Twitchell ; Daisy Vidal ; Phyllis West. 

Kent 82, West Wickham, was formed in 1913, 
after most of the candidates had passed their 
exams. Classes for lectures, drills, and practical 
work were held and members went into camp that 
year at Heme, winning Dr. Yolland's shield 
against fifteen other detachments. 

In August, 1914, preparations for mobilisation 
were made, and about £350 was guaranteed by 
the residents in the neighbourhood. Sir Robert 
Laidlaw generously offered his house at Hayes, 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 171 

" The Warren," promising £25 per week and the 
use of five servants. 

There are fifty-five beds in the hospital, with an 
operating theatre, for which Mr. Gurney Preston 
gave an operating table and two tables for dressings. 

The detachment was mobilised on October 14th, 
and has treated over 250 patients, Belgians and 
British. 

Sir Everard Hambro kindly lent " Hayes Grove " 
as an additional hospital for twenty patients, 
supplying the equipment and giving £5 per week 
towards the upkeep. 

Very great credit is due to Miss Gillian Lee- 
Warner and the Quartermaster for all the work 
undertaken by them in the earlier stages of the war. 

Commandant — Mrs. Gripper. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Blake. 
Lady Superintendent — Miss Maxwell. 
Quartermaster — Mrs. E. M. Kershaw. 

Members. — Rosa Blake ; Helen Butler ; Blodwyn Clark ; Louis 
Daws ; Alice Farr ; Annie Fuller; Mary Katherine Gripper ; 
Patience Gripper ; Annie Gussin ; Adelaide Hemming ; 
Gertrude Heufrey ; Maud Hurnall ; Ada Lawrence ; Gillian 
Lee- Warner ; Maude Lee- Warner ; Grace Lennard ; Con- 
stance Mai lam ; Elizabeth Orde ; MaryOrdo; Elsie Preston ; 
Edith Rickwood ; Agnes Robertson; Marjory Sherrard ; 
Violet Smith. 

Kent si, Crayford, whs started in 1912 by 
Mrs. Butcher of Barnes Cray House. 

Drills wi re held weekly, and, after the outbreak of 



172 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

war, some of the members worked as probationers 
at the Livingstone Hospital, Dartford. 

On the outbreak of war the detachment made 
every preparation for opening a hospital, and on 
October 14th, at 2 a.m., orders for mobilisation 
were received, with instructions to be ready at 9 a.m. 

The two hospitals, i.e. the Parish Hall lent by 
the Rector and the Friendly Hall and Working 
Men's Institute lent by the Friendly Society and 
Working Men's Club, were quickly prepared and the 
wounded, forty-three Belgians, eventually arrived 
early on the 16th. Besides the Belgians many of 
the Territorials from the neighbouring barracks 
have been treated. 

The inhabitants of Crayford have been most 
kind and willing to help. 

Commandant — Miss Evans. 

Medical Officer — Dr. J. E. Walker. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss Stanley. 

Quartermaster — Miss M. Mann. 

Members. — Grace Baker ; Lottie Bond ; Joan Carvosso ; 
Esther Clarke ; Edith Cooper ; Margery Cox ; Winifred 
Cox*;|Bessie Ferdinand; Grace Hartley; Ethel Letchford ; 
Lena McGregor ; Catherine Nicholson ; Daisy Powell ; 
Emily Powell ; Edith Ranshaw ; Ethel Saunders ; Mabel 
Skingley ; Annie Smith ; Elizabeth Smith. 

Kent 86, Beckenham. In December, 1912, a 
meeting was held to explain the aims and methods 
of the Red Cross V.A.D. Names were enrolled 
and Kent No. 86 was formed. Lectures were 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 173 

arranged, examinations held, and members had 
the advantage of three weeks' training at Maryle- 
bone and Paddington Infirmaries. 

In a short time the detachment became so large 
that it was split and Kent 96 was formed. The 
detachments did useful practical work at Rolven- 
den Camp on the eve of the outbreak of war, when 
working parties were at once organised and further 
training secured at the Cottage Hospital. Christ 
Church Schools were lent by the vicar, the Rev. 
Harrington Lees, and when, on October 13th, the 
detachments were suddenly mobilised at 2 a.m., 
it remained only to clear the schools and equip 
them as a hospital. This was done in a few hours. 
The hospital contains two wards, capable of hold- 
ing forty-five patients, two isolation rooms, and a 
well-equipped operating theatre with a complete 
X-ray apparatus. One hundred and sixty-nine 
patients have passed through the wards. 

The inhabitants of Beckenham have been most 
generous in their help. The hospital has the use 
of fourteen private motor-cars, and these are each 
on duty once a fortnight. 

Commandant Mrs. Xka.mk. 

Medical Officer — Dit. Strickland. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss Savory. 

Quartermaster Miss .1. Stunning. 

Members. — Beatrice Adams; Esm<'' Anderson; Mildred Bowyor; 
Muriel Cardross-Grant ; Merlo Cow; Georgina Cree ; 
Evelyn Denner ; Frrdu I ).ruu r ; (Jhidys D.tiiht; Sybil 



174 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Dunlop ; Florence Eden ; Alice Mary Furze ; Eva Gallic ; 
Edith Lee Gibberd ; Dorothy Giddings ; Rosa Grieg ; Helena 
Harrison ; Agatha Hawthorne ; Ethel Hawthorne ; Marion 
Hudson ; Frances Hudson ; Nesta Inglis ; Doris Jones ; 
Hilda Lazenby ; Mary Litchfield ; Winnie Manger ; Violet 
Margaret Mather ; Eirene Mather ; Winnie Mather ; — 
Maynard ; Hilda Mitchell ; Eva Morley ; — Oakes ; 
Marjory Paterson ; Poppy Paterson ; Cicely Pattisson ; 
Madge Pattisson; Lucy Price; Edith Robinson; Eleanor 
Sharpe ; Emily Stenning ; Ellen Sterling ; Mary Eanswyth 
Tolhurst ; Mary Trimmer ; Eveline Young ; Mesdames Clarke, 
Ginn, Kent, Privit, Treggis, Wilson. 

Kent 88, Edenbridge. When it became 
apparent early in the war that all the accommoda- 
tion possible would be required it was found that 
there was no building in Edenbridge large enough 
for a hospital. But so eager were Kent 88 to put 
into practice the training they had so strenuously 
acquired that the difficulty was overcome by 
opening three hospitals, each with accommodation 
for ten patients : 

1. Church House, generously offered rent free. 

2. Eden Hall, the home of the present Com- 
mandant. 

3. Marlpit Hill Men's Institute. 

On mobilisation at midnight on October 14th 
everything was quickly got ready and at eleven 
o'clock the following morning the first convoy 
arrived. To the surprise of the detachment the 
wounded proved to be Belgians, but the language 
difficulty was quickly overcome. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 175 

Offers of help and gifts poured into the hospital. 
By Christmas the numbers of patients had con- 
siderably dwindled, and these were concentrated at 
Eden Hall. 

Whilst waiting for the next convoy a large empty 
house, Marlpit Court, lent by Mr. Edwards, has 
been secured and furnished as a hospital with 
twenty beds, in place of Marlpit Hill and Church 
House. Splendid work was put in at the outset by 
Dr. and Mrs. Hubbard, and it was with great 
regret that the detachment lost their devoted 
service in November, 1914, consequent upon 
Dr. Hubbard's severe illness. 

Commandant — Countess Riccardi-Cubitt. 

Medical Officers — 

Dr. Scott, Dr. Pennell, Dr. Newington. 

Lady Superintendent — Nurse Giddins. 

Quartermaster — Miss Akerman. 

Members. — Eva Akerman ; Norah Akerman ; Dorothy Barnes ; 
Catherine Chapman ; Kate Cheal ; May Churches ; Mary 
Coleman ; Susan Cross ; Theodora Cubitt ; Vera Cubitt ; 
Rowena Curtice ; Mary Eedes ; Gertrude Fordo ; Kathleen 
Finn Kelcy ; Hannah Giddins; Ethel Goifin ; Florence 
Hammond ; Nellie Harding ; Lillias Hayward ; Annie Hub- 
bard ; Amelia Hutchinson; Lilian Kclsey; Constance 
Knight; < haris Locket; Lilias Locket; Marjorie Locket; 
Mary Lovel ; Emma Masters ; Coralio Moade-Waldo ; Alico 
Miles; Clara Miller ; Caroline Norman ; Kate Oliver ; Marv 
Pullinger ; Fede Riooardi-Cubitl ; Violet Seal; Isabel 
Souttor ; Martha Staff ; Christina Tatnall Dorothy Tread- 
uill ; Marjorie Treadwell ; Dorothy West ; Ellen West. 



176 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Kent 90, Herne Bay, first came into being in 
1913. On the outbreak of hostilities the Dence 
Trust kindly offered the use of Downs Park College 
at Herne Bay for the whole period of the war. The 
hospital was throughout equipped by friends in 
the neighbourhood. 

The detachment was mobilised on October 14th 
and a week later some of the beds were occupied 
by wounded Belgians. Since then relays, totalling 
about sixty patients, have passed through the 
hospital. 

All the work of the hospital is voluntary, and 
the kitchen staff under Mrs. Lloyd and Miss Grey 
is particularly efficient. 

Commandant — Mrs. Openshaw. 
Medical Officer — Dr. Fenculhet. 
Lady Superintendent — Mrs. Cunnynghame. 
Quartermaster — Mrs. Thurnham. 

Members. — Mary Bass ; Jessie Bawcomb ; Violet Browne ; 
Alice Rose Campbell ; Phyllis Charming ; Gwendolin 
Chapman ; Lois Cremer ; Edith Grey ; Agnes Hunter ; 
Elsie Iggulden ; Madge Iggulden ; Dorothy Lang Sims ; 
Ethel Lloyd ; Olive McDougall ; Hilda Meyer ; Mary Mills ; 
Ursula Osmond ; Evelyn Paterson ; Ivy Smith ; Mary 
Swinford ; Mabel Wacher ; Mary Whistler ; Elsie White. 

Kent 92, Gravesend. On the outbreakof war 
this detachment, with Kent 16 and 42, : commenced 
to collect equipment and money, and an^offer was 
received from Messrs. W. G. and A. W. Fletcher, 
the owners, of the building formerly used as the 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 177 

New Thames Yacht Club. On mobilisation the 
members, assisted by Kent 16, quickly prepared 
the building as a hospital, and on October 15th, 
1914, fifty-eight wounded Belgians were received. 

Dr. Dismorr was the first medical officer, but 
increasing private practice compelled his retire- 
ment, and the present doctor was appointed, 
together with the honorary surgeon, Dr. S. M. 
Lawrence. 

Miss Schofield took the position of Matron tem- 
porarily, but transferred to the Cobham Hospital. 
The present Matron, Miss E. M. Tarrant, has had 
experience in Australia, and has been in charge of 
more than one hospital. Due to her exertions is 
the operating theatre, subscribed for by members 
and their friends. Grateful thanks are due for the 
ready support given by all in the district. Up to 
date 224 cases have been treated. Sir Gilbert and 
Lady Parker take great interest in the welfare of 
the detachments, and have rendered valuable 
assistance. 

Commandant — Mrs. Gadd. 

Medical Officer — Dr. F. Ma in waring Hughes. 

Hon. Surgeon — Dr. S. M. Lawrence. 

Lady Superintendent — Mrs. M. Taylor. 

Quartermaster — Miss M. F. IIoyle. 

Members. — Edith Acott ; Amy Agnew ; Emily Allen ; Gladys 
Allen; Blanche Avenell ; Madeline Bevin ; Ireno Blake; 
Dorothy Broad wood ; Mary Broad wood ; Gladys Brown ; 

M 



178 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Miss Calvert ; Antoinette Crook ; Lilian Dickens ; 
Bertha Dunstall ; Elizabeth Durrant ; Dorothy Evans ; 
Margery Fox ; Edith Franklyn ; Frances Harvey ; Ruby 
Herring ; Gladys Hickmott ; Betty Holderness ; Margaret 
Horrigan ; Eva Howes ; Caroline Johnson ; Doris Keeley ; 
Mary Linington ; Eleanor Luck ; Grace Luck ; Agnes 
Maplesden ; Annie Sandford ; Sarah Sandford ; Isabella 
Schofield ; Kathleen Shepherd ; Mabel Starkey ; M. K. 
Tristram ; Agnes Veevers ; Eleanor Warlters ; Gertruda 
Warren ; Miss Willoughby ; Freda Winder. 



Kent 94, Tunbejdge Wells, was organised 
in 1913. From the first much invaluable help 
was received from doctors and nurses in the 
town, who gave lectures and superintended prac- 
tices. 

In August, 1914, working parties were organised, 
advanced lectures held, and several members 
were allowed to work in two of the local 
hospitals. 

Mr. Harris Gastrell generously offered his house, 
West Hall, as a hospital for fifty cases, and this 
was furnished and equipped entirely by local 
residents. 

At 5 a.m. on October 14th mobilisation orders 
were received, and at 9.30 a.m. the first contingent 
of wounded Belgians was received, St. John 
Ambulance then acting as bearers. 

Early in December wounded English began to 
arrive. 

At the request of the R.A.M.C. officers in the 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 179 

town fourteen beds were reserved for local troops, 
and these have been kept occupied. 

Commandant — Miss V. M. Moore. 

Medical Officers — 

Drs. G. T. Watson, R. A. Walter, B. F. B. Manser. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss P. Dunster. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. Faulkner. 

Members. — Evelyn Barnes ; Janet Bell ; Kate Bell ; Doris 
Candy ; Aileen Faulkner ; Hope Glover ; Monica Handley ; 
Edith Happell ; Kathleen Hardy ; Rita Hay ; Maude 
Higginson ; Grace O'Bryen Hodge ; Marjorie O'Bryen 
Hodge ; Janet Hull ; Dorothy Hyde ; Winifred Jones ; 
Elsie Kerr ; Laura King ; Mildred Knott ; Margaret Layard ; 
Margaret Logan ; Carol Lowry ; Annette Maingay ; Olive 
Manser ; Grace Morley ; Amy Murdoch ; Agnes Nix ; 
Marguerite Rainier ; Lucy Ranking ; Cherry Robbins ; 
Margaret Seymour ; Marjorie Snelgrove ; Irene Sutton ; 
Alice Sword ; Winifred Sykes ; Dora Symes ; Edith Symes ; 
Lynette Tewson ; Catherine Warnington ; Ada Webb ; 
Agnes Wilkinson. 



Kent 96, Beckeniiam, was formed from Kent 86 
in 1913 and co-operated with that detachment in 
all the preparations for Red Cross work and in 
opening and working Christ Church Hospital. 
Dr. Ramsbotham, the then Commandant, rendered 
invaluable assistance, together with Mrs. Rams- 
botham, and it was with great regret that the 
detachment lost their services when both were 
accepted for active work at the Trout. 

Kclscy Cottage, generously lent by Mr. 1 'rest on, 
was opened in November us the Kclscy Auxiliary 



180 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Red Cross Hospital, where fifty-one patients can 
be treated. Miss Constance Sharpe, who took over 
the duties of Commandant from Dr. Ramsbotham, 
also had most unfortunately to give up duty, 
when Mrs. Fisher took charge. Lighter cases are 
usually received at Kelsey, and very marked 
progress is soon reported. A great deal of the 
comfort of the hospital is due to the efficient 
voluntary service rendered by those who so kindly 
undertake the cleaning of the house. After much 
excellent and self-denying labour Mrs. Fisher had, 
for private reasons, to relinquish the command 
in May, 1915, when the present officer was ap- 
pointed. 

Commandant — Mrs. Nicholson. 
Quartermaster — Miss Olive Lewer. 

Members. — Muriel Anns ; Joyce Baker ; Muriel Bowden ; Mar- 
jory Brown ; Marion Carpenter ; Barbara Castell ; Phyllis 
Castell ; Evelyn Challenger ; Eileen Clarke ; Grace Collier ; 
Margaret Ewins ; Lucrece Fiddes ; Elizabeth Greig ; 
Mary Hooper ; Sybil Leighton ; L. Mather ; Mabel Mather ; 
Helen Moses ; Marjorie Neame ; Grace Nicholson ; Florence 
Petley ; Dora Reynolds ; Constance Sharpe ; Nancy Stain- 
bank ; Rosalind Stinson ; Dorothy Tremel ; May Tremel ; 
Katherine Wade ; Margaret Ward ; Annie Wedekind ; 
Hilda Wedekind ; Lily Wedekind ; Catherine Whittington ; 
Lilian Wright. 



Kent 98, Southborough, was registered in 
1913 as the result of a meeting held at the Victoria 
Hall, Southborough, for the purpose of forming a 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 181 

Red Cross detachment. On October 14th, 1914, 
the detachment was mobilised, and on the 21st 
the Victoria Hall, lent by the District Council, was 
opened as a hospital. 

At the beginning of the war a guarantee fund 
was started and liberally responded to, and the 
inhabitants have freely given and lent equipment 
for the hospital, also rendering gratuitous service 
whenever required. 

Commandant — Lady Salomons. 

Medical Officers — Drs. Bayfield and Reynolds. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss Askwith. 

Quartermaster — Miss Salomons. 

Members. — Edith Burr ; Alice Farthing ; Alethea Kirby ; 
Florence Leigh-Sarney ; Ada Marshall ; Lottie Martin ; 
Lucy Martin ; Beatrice Newman ; Annie Seale ; Amy Stunt. 

Kent 100, Canterbury, took charge of Abbotts 
Barton Hospital, kindly lent by Mr. Bennett 
Goldney, M.P., whose residence it is. It contains 
forty beds for patients, and the Red Cross committee 
for Canterbury supplies any amounts needed over 
and above the War Oflice grant. The trained 
sisters gave their services, whilst the cook took 
hall' wages only, but after three months the com- 
mittee decided that such sacrifice was not neces- 
sary on the part of these ladies. Three hundred 
patients have been eared for since October 4th, 
seventy-two of these being Belgians. The medical 



182 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

officer has charge of the Canterbury section 
transport. 

Commandant — Miss Frances Carnegie Wemyss. 

Medical Officer — Dr. R. J. Ferguson. 

Quartermaster — Miss M. R. Williamson. 

Members. — Ida Baker ; Madeline Bates ; Mabel Beatson ; 
Winifred Beatson ; Lily Bird ; Agnes Bousfield ; Geraldine 
Clarke ; Mildred Clarke ; Finovola Cordy-Simpson ; Violet 
Cremer ; Catherine Dyneley ; Bertha Evans ; Carol Frend ; 
Camilla Frend ; Dorothy Gilham ; Violet Countess of 
Guilford ; Ethel Hankin ; Kathleen Hilton ; Annie Kay ; 
Janet Maiden ; Margaret Marshall ; Helen Mills ; Beatrice 
Moore ; Ursula Morris ; Alice Murton ; Irene Oldham ; 
Audrey Patterson ; Myrtle Stuart ; Mary Trueman ; Beryl 
Tuke ; Joan Wacher. 

Kent 102, Biddenden. The first interest in 
V.A.D. work was aroused in 1909 at a meeting 
at Hemsted Park called by Cicely Countess of 
Cranbrook, and the detachment was registered in 
1914. Mobilisation orders were received on October 
14th, and a small hospital was opened in the village 
Institute, sympathisers in Biddenden generously 
helping with equipment, etc. 

Commandant — Mrs. C. Hall. 

Medical Officer— Dr. Boyce. 

Lady Superintendent — Sister J. Stone. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. Phillip Jones. 

Members. — Louisa Austen ; Ellen Avory ; Augusta Boyce ; 

Helen Bradshaw ; Helen Mary Dormer ; Gertrude Edwards ; 

Elsie Elliott ; Emily Gurr ; Alice Jones ; Gladys Pinyon ; 

Lydia Stapley ; Edythe Stuart ; Mary Tassell ; Eva 

Thirkell ; Muriel Todd-Naylor ; Alice Watts ; May 

Witherden. 
Ada Wise, unable to serve, gives assistance with laundry work. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 183 

Kent 104 and 106. Strood and Frindsbury 
Hospital consists of two neighbouring buildings, 
organised by Dr. G. A. Skinner. The owners 
granted the buildings free of charge, and the 
Council freed them also from rates and taxes. 
Kent 126 works in conjunction with these two 
detachments, and the first patients were received 
on September 3rd, 1914. Since that date four 
hundred patients have passed through the hospi- 
tals, and a larger number of local troops have been 
treated as out-patients. An up-to-date operating 
theatre has been fully equipped, and the detach- 
ments possess their own motor ambulance and 
dispensary. The beds are now to be increased to 
130. Dr. Skinner, Assistant County Director, 
No. 2 Division, has charge of the distribution of 
the wounded when the convoys arrive at the 

railway station. 

Co m mandants — 
Miss M. Skinner, Mrs. Skinner. 
Medical Officer — 
Dr. Skinner. 
Lady Superintendents — 
Mrs. Pocock, Mrs. Beaney. 
Q u arte r masters — 
Mrs. Ireland, Mrs. H. B. Clarke, Mrs. Elliott. 

Members. — Elizabeth Brain; Emily Bunyard ; Nellie jCoopi r ; 
Lena Homewood ; Violet Bysted ; Nellio Jackson ;*Bertha 
Leney ; Sarah Millard; Dorothy Parker; Clara Robson ; 
Maria Thatcher. 

Kent 108, Orpington. Due to the exertions 



184 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

of the Quartermaster and of the members of the 
detachment who had canvassed the district for 
promises of equipment, a hospital, containing 
thirty beds, was quickly made ready at the village 
Hall when mobilisation orders were received on 
October 14th, 1914. Wounded Belgians were soon 
installed. Another party was landed at St. Mary 
Cray, and, thanks to the generosity of the Misses 
Lyster, who placed their schoolhouse at the dis- 
posal of the detachment, a temporary hospital of 
twenty-five beds was established. A week later 
these patients were transferred to the Institute, 
St. Mary Cray, equipped by E. H. Joynson, Esq. 
This hospital was closed when the patients were 
convalescent, and all cases are now treated at 
Orpington. An operating theatre is being installed. 
E. Rock Carling, f.r.c.s., of Harley Street, and 
W. Ironside Bruce act as Hon. Consulting Surgeons. 

Commandant and Medical Officer — 

Dr. Tennyson Smith. 

Assistant Medical Officer — Dr. Thomas Bailey. 

Lady Superintendent — Mrs. Tennyson Smith. 

Quartermaster — Miss Gammon. 

Members. — Winifred Bickmore ; Amy Crosse ; Virginie Dolan ; 
Beatrice Fooks ; Mabel Greenwood ; Joyce Harrild ; Marjorie 
Harrild ; Vera Harrild ; Isabel Hoar ; Irene Holroyd ; Amy 
Howard ; Hilda Larmarque ; Eliza Lewis ; Winifred Miller- 
Hallett ; Lilian Morris ; Mabel Philips ; Ethel Simpson ; 
Mabel Smith ; Nora Symons ; Irene Temperley ; Hilda 
Townsend ; Miriam Townsend ; Winifred Tremaine ; Ethel 
Tyrer ; Mildred Virtue ; Mary Waring ; Marjorie Wisely ; 
Hirel Wright. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 185 

Kent 110 and 112, Abbey Wood. The Belve- 
dere women's detachments were raised on the out- 
break of war by Mrs. Butcher and family. Lectures 
were at once started, and the members met daily 
for practice. 

Mobilisation orders were received at 2 a.m. on 
October 14th, 1914. The two Quartermasters at 
once called up the detachments. Six a.m. saw the 
members hard at work cleaning and preparing 
their temporary hospital — " Shornells " — the resi- 
dence of the late Mr. Hudson Church, kindly lent by 
his four daughters. Equipment, previously pro- 
mised by the residents, was collected, and by the 
afternoon the hospital was complete. Belgians 
were the first patients to be received, but these 
have all been discharged, the present occupants 
being British soldiers. 

The hospital has been almost entirely equipped 
by gifts and loans from residents in the district, 
and is indebted, both financially and for personal 
service, to Mrs. Callender of Abbey Wood. 

Commandants — 

Miss Butcher and Mrs. Butcher. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Barry Cane. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss M. Slattery. 

Quartermasters — 

Miss V. Butcher and Miss May Butcher. 

Members. — Ethel Abbott ; Ruby Abbott ; Florenco Baddel* 
Irene M. Baj ley ; Dora Blyth ; Alico J. Cane ; Gertrude, W. 
Cano ; Dorothy Cornish ; Ruth Cowley ; Dorothy Garrett ; 



186 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Clara L. Hartwright ; Alice M. Knight ; Edith Lester ; 
Muriel Lumley ; Ellen L. Lynde ; Lydia Munden ; Ethel M. 
Palmer ; Blanche Scarlett ; Ailsie Griffith Searight ; Eileen 
Searight ; Ailsie Lilian Searight ; Madeline Sidley ; Doris 
Sidley ; Annie Walker ; Mary E. J. Willard ; Norah. Wright. 

Belvedere, Kent 112 
Members. — Georgette Adam ; Letty Bedwell ; Mary E. Biggs ; 
Dorothy Billington ; Dorothy M. Blyth ; Beryl Butcher ; 
Grace Chapman ; Elsie Charlesworth ; M. Edith Darken ; 
Kate Eastwood ; E. Mary Flack ; Emily E. French ; 
Edith M. Fullaway ; Edith M. Gloyn ; Gertrude Hayward ; 
Katie Hayward ; Mabel Herbert ; Maude Hooker ; Florence 
F. C. Lyster ; Frances Marshall ; Gwendoline E. Masson ; 
Sarah Pooler ; Ellen Rider ; Florence E. Simms ; Florence 
Simms ; Annie Whitmore. 

Kent 114, Shoreham. The small but very 
pleasant hospital is at Myrtle College, and has 
accommodation for seven patients. Much useful 
work has been done by this detachment, which 
was previously under the command of Mrs. Wilmot. 
Commandant — Miss Gwendolen Madge. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Passmore. 

Lady Superintendent — Mrs. George Bell. 

Quartermaster — Miss Cohen. 

Members. — Annie Ansell ; Alice Bell ; Elizabeth Bowers ; 
Alice Chapman ; Ellen Clark ; Jacobina Clark ; Fanny 
Collins ; Annie Gooding ; Carol Greenwood ; Gwendolen 
Greenwood ; Bertine Gregory ; Phoebe Gregory ; Margaret 
Madge ; Gladys Randall ; Isobel Scott ; Sarah Steane ; 
Kate Taylor. 

Kent 116, Dartford, was initiated at a meet- 
ing called by Mr. F. J. Pile, who was appointed the 
first Commandant, with Mrs. A. H. Botten as 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 187 

Quartermaster. Weekly drills were well attended, 
and lectures were given by Miss Stanley. 

On October 14th, 1914, the detachment was 
mobilised, and the Wesley Hall was fitted up as 
a hospital. The equipment was generously given 
or lent by the townspeople. Credit is due to 
Mr. C. J. Mansford, of the Dartford Grammar 
School, for much of the preliminary work. Owing 
to structural alterations becoming necessary this 
hospital had to be closed, and on November 13th 
" Heath Close " was taken over and the equipment 
transferred. This hospital has proved most useful 
for the reception of sick soldiers stationed in the 
district. 

A change of officers took place in January, the 
present Commandant being appointed, with Mrs. 
Annie Read and subsequently Mrs. Black as 
Quartermaster. Mr. F. J. Pile took over the 
important transport duties for Dartford section, 
and became Honorary Commandant to this detach- 
ment. 

Commandant — Mrs. C. M. Reed. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Graham Robertson. 

Lady Superintendent — Nurse Cliff. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. Black. 

Members. — Mrs. Abbey ; Miss Abbey ; Alice Adams ; Gladys 
Allon ; Ada Basharn ; May Brow ; R. Burgess ; Clara 
Cleveland ; A. Coles ; May Cooper ; Gladys Crawter ; H. 
Draper ; M. Edgecumbe ; Emily Fairbrass ; May Gore- 
Brown ; Lucy Heisoman ; Mrs. Lyon ; Rosina McKney ; 
N. E. Pott ; May Walker ; Lelia Whiting ; Mrs. Wood. 



188 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Kent 118, Greenhithe. On the outbreak of 
war a women's Red Cross detachment was formed, 
and on mobilisation Ingress Abbey was equipped 
and staffed by private generosity, under the Chat- 
ham Military Hospital, with accommodation for 
sixty beds, in the care of a fully trained matron, 
six sisters and a house surgeon. 

Commandant — Mrs. Sydney Allnutt. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Richmond. 
Lady Superintendent — Mrs. Richmond. 

Quartermaster — Miss M. Watson. 

Members. — Alice Ames ; Jessie Barnes ; Ethel Bartrum ; 
Elizabeth Bridger ; Nellie Burt ; Florence Chatfield ; 
Gertrude Davis ; Sarah Dyble ; Elizabeth Ellis ; Grace 
Hardy ; Rose Ireland ; Maud Kernick ; Jessie Langston ; 
Rhoda Lee ; Hettie Lockyer ; Margaret Mackenzie ; Eliza- 
beth Newnham ; Agnes Oakes ; Sylvia Richmond ; Kate 
Sbewell ; Dorothy Smith ; Lizzie Wheatley ; Kate Wood ; 
Agnes Woodcock. 

Kent 120, Hastings. The Hospital of St. 
John of Jerusalem had its beginning in August, 
1914, at the outbreak of war, when all members 
were summoned to prepare themselves for the 
work before them and classes were held every 
night. 

On mobilisation a house in the centre of the 
town was kindly lent by Mrs. Stubbs and rapidly 
transformed into a V.A.D. hospital by the volun- 
teer nurses. Belgian wounded arrived on October 
13th, and in January the first convoy of English 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 189 

soldiers was received. At this time another house 
was offered by Mr. Parks, bringing the accom- 
modation up to fifty beds. 

Thirty members are available for duty under 
the supervision of two fully trained sisters and 
two certificated nurses. Dr. Morgan, the first 
Commandant, undertook military service soon 
after the outbreak of war, and the present officer 
carried on the detachment. 

A considerable sum of money is collected weekly 
to supplement the War Office grant, and equip- 
ment has been freely lent and given. 

The girl guides give invaluable help as door- 
porters. 

Hastings was specially attached to the Kent 

V.A.D. 

Commandant — Dr. George Locke. 

Medical Officer — Dr. James D. Hessey. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss Florence Vanstone. 

Quartermaster — Miss Winifred C. Coxeter. 

Pharmacist — Mary Alice Lobley. 

Members. — Minnie Bates ; Florence Gertrude Begbie ; Ada 
Mary Benyon-Winser ; Ethel Blackman ; Lizzie Blomfield ; 
Alice Louise Bowers ; Georgina Bruce ; Amy Buckett ; 
Frances Jessie Clarke ; Margaret Dorothy Coxeter ; Marjorie 
Eldridge ; Georgia Finger ; Gertrude Mary Fowell; Margaret 
Hill ; Celia Hinks ; Louise Inkpcn ; Edith Jane Larcombe ; 
Lily Ransom; Nellie Rowland; Susan Selwood ; Winifred 
Skinner ; Ann Mary Viner ; Rosetta Walther ; Ethel Mary 
Watt; Edith .Mary Wicks; Emilir Wilshin. 

Kent 1*22, CormiuitsT. At the beginning of 
the war the detachment was formed and classes 



190 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

were organised. The Commandant offered his 
house, " Lidwells," as a hospital, and money and 
equipment were promised by local residents. 
Two trained nurses offered their services upon 
mobilisation, which took place in May, 1915. 

Twenty beds are provided and are now kept well 
occupied in this very pleasant and fully-equipped 
hospital. 

Commandant — Rev. H. P. Fitz Gerald. 

Medical Officer — Surgeon Lt.-Col. Collingridge. 

Lady Superintendent — Mrs. Fitz Gerald. 

Quartermaster — Miss Raikes. 

Members.— Editha Barry ; Margaret Constance Burgess ; 
Ruby Burgess ; Norah Burke ; Annie Caleutt ; Margaret 
Cheeseman ; Ada Mary Clemetson ; Florence Annie Mary 
Cole ; Elsie Collingridge ; Marian Louisa Crump ; Frances 
Anne Davis ; Frances Mary Davis ; Ida Davis ; Rosa Maud 
Gouldthorpe ; Sarah Elizabeth Haines ; Maud Emily 
Jenner ; Kate Johnson ; Clarice Kendon ; Ianthe Kershaw 
Doris Large ; Mabel Large ; Kathleen Emily Maude 
Florence Morley ; Adelaide Nicolson ; Violet Noakes 
Margaret Penny ; Aileen Rivett-Carnac ; Elizabeth Smith 
Ellice Fletcher Smith ; Ellen Louisa Southam ; Marjorie 
Waters ; Lily Elizabeth Wickham ; Norah Wickham. 

Kent 124, Dover, undertakes the duty of 
assisting with refreshment at the disembarkation 
of the wounded when convoys arrive at the Pier 
Head, and is doing much quietly useful work. 

Commandant — Mrs. E. G. Wynne. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 191 

Kent 126, Strood, is working in conjunction 
with detachments 104 and 106 at the Strood 
Hospital, rendering the greatest possible assistance. 

Commandant — Miss O. P. Haggard. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Skinner. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss Hewson. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. Elliot. 

Members.— Alice Allen ; Mabel Allen ; Maud Bigge ; Grace 
Fielder ; Elsie Larcombe ; Clare Latham ; Nellie May ; 
Fanny Myhill ; Mildred Newson ; Mary Sayer. 

Kent 128, Asn. In August, 1914, the inhabi- 
tants of Ash were asked by Dr. McCall-Smith to 
lend the village hall as a hospital, and the trustees 
gave their consent. On October 25th the detach- 
ment was mobilised ; the thirty members quickly 
prepared the hall with twenty beds, and in less 
than two hours twenty wounded Belgians were 
installed. Since January British soldiers have 
been cared for, many operations having been 
successfully performed. 

Commandant — Mrs. McCall-Smith. 

Medical Officer — Dr. McCall-Smith. 

Lad I i Superintendent — Miss M. Harrison. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. IT. Wilson. 

Members. — Tholma Bicknell ; May Buley ; Mary Chandler; 
Rosa Gardner; Connie Harden; Doris Harrison; Edith 
Herbert; Annie Jacobs; Amy Jenner; Dora Jenner; 
Fonnie Mackenzie; Dulcie Macmeiken ; Mabel Maxl d; 
Kathio Mil<-s; Stella Parker; Dorothy Petley ; Bessy 
Quested; Ruby Streeter ; Miss Westmorland. 



192 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 



Kent 130, Bexley. To Mrs. Burridge, Vice- 
President of Kent 130, and the Committee, is due 
the credit of this detachment being formed, and on 
the declaration of war the present Commandant 
was able to bring the detachment up to full 
strength. 

Mobilisation orders were received on October 
14th at 10.30 a.m., when the members took charge 
of " Gardenhurst," lent by Mrs. Arthur Barrett. 
The house had stood empty for eight years, so that 
the detachment had very hard work to do in 
preparing the place as a hospital. The local 
residents were most generous in providing equip- 
ment and funds. 

Commandant — Mrs. N. Christopherson. 

Medical Officer — Dr. J. E. Walker. 

Lady Superintendent — Nurse A. M. Bunce. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. R. T. Gumbleton. 

Members. — Hilda Aldis ; Minnie Baker ; Lucy Brown ; Daisie 
Burridge ; Constance Cutcliffe ; Priscilla Escombe ; Adeline 
Footitt ; Madeline Friswell ; Helena Gough ; Maud Hamil- 
ton ; Rachel Howe ; Marjorie Hudson ; Ada Kennard ; 
Mary Loxley ; Alice Lucas ; Clare Lucas ; Alice Radford ; 
Winifred Rubeck ; Suzan Sewell ; Mary Simon ; Maud 
Simonds ; Ethel Stimson ; Kathleen Upton ; Marjorie 
Vesey-Holt ; Eveline Webb ; Elsie Whalley ; Christabel 
Whitehead ; Joan Whitehead. 



Kent 132, Sydenham, is ready to take twenty 
patients, when called upon, at " Brooklyn," 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 193 

Sydenham ; and fifteen British soldiers are now 
being cared for at this pleasant hospital. 

Commandant — Miss Ada Bennett. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Umney. 
Lady Superintendent — Nurse Shand. 
Quartermaster — Miss Irene Carter. 

Members. — Vera Alabaster ; Maud Alston ; Ethel Badcock ; 
Mabel Bellamy ; Lottie Bennett ; Phyllis Boxall ; Nellie 
Brigg ; Dora Brookes ; Enid Clarke-Williams ; Claire 
de Baerdemaecker ; Olive de Pury ; Ruby de Pury ; May 
Faux ; Agnes Gaman ; Ethel George ; Phyllis Gooch ; 
Bertha Grose ; Gertrude Johnston ; Gladys Johnston ; 
Glenda Jolly ; Beatrice Jones ; Stephanie Langmead ; 
Sibyl Owsley ; Ethel Partridge ; Elsie Pryce ; Dorothy 
Pynegar ; Winifred Selby ; Amy Shackleton ; Millie Sted- 
man ; Dora Sturman ; Muriel Umney ; Helen Waterson. 



Kent 134, Lenham, is a compact detachment 
fully prepared to take up duty at Lenham and 
Harrietsham. All arrangements are complete, and 
eighteen patients are installed. 

Commandant and Medical Officer — 

Dr. Temperley Grey. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss Plowman. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. H. M. Campbell. 

Members. — Ellen L. S. Bensted ; Elizabeth Jane Broad ; Con- 
stance Campbell ; Clarissa Clark ; Ethel Clark ; Nellie Clark ; 
Annio Collin* ; Emma Collins ; Adeline Day; Bertha Grey ; 
Nellie Kilchin ; Edith Kortright ; Mary Lucy; Norah 
Maylam ; Fanny L. Norris ; Gladys Shayer ; Margaret 
Woolley. 
N 



194 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Kent 136, New Romney, has not yet been 
mobilised, but is fully prepared for any emergency. 

Commandant — Miss Maud Cobb. 

Medical Officers — 

Dr. Mossop, Dr. Hick. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. H. G. South. 

Members. — Alice Anderson ; Amy Anderson ; Evelyn Anderson ; 
Kathleen Bannon ; Elizabeth Campbell ; Frances de Luze ; 
Marie de Luze ; Marguerete Ellis ; Florence Fagg ; Alice 
Finn-Kelsey ; Emily Heard ; Ethel Hobbs ; Evelyn Hobbs ; 
Ellinor Howes ; Elsie Kennett ; Ethel Knight ; Maud 
Mossop ; Louie Murray ; Edith Palmer ; Rosa Pearson ; 
Kathleen Pritchard ; Rosa Pritchard ; Effie Ringland ; 
Edith Tuffield ; Annie Vidgen. 

Kent 138, Whitstable, have not yet the op- 
portunity of utilising their experience, but will 
render a very good account of themselves when 
called upon. Eleven are giving their services at 
the Military Hospital. 

Commandant — Miss G. Campbell. 

Medical Officer — Dr. C. Etheridge. 

Quartermaster — Miss Poole. 

Members. — Dorothy Beard ; Florence Brightman ; Dorothy 
Carson ; Mabel Collings ; Clara Cook ; Beatrice Couper ; 
Frances Davis ; Maude Davis ; Ethel Dorman ; Mary 
Etheridge ; Ethel Fortesque ; Emmeline Gann ; Dorothy 
Gill ; Mabel Hayward ; Gladys Horden ; Adela Jones ; 
Mabel Kirkby ; Ivy Kingston ; Philamena Maclntyre ; 
Romola McKenzie ; Hilda Mitchell ; Amelia Page ; Mina 
Pout ; Mary Powell ; Annie Rigden ; May Rushworth ; 
Antonia Scrymgeour ; Mabel Ware ; Ellen Wood. 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 195 

Kent 140, Faversham, was formed from the 
nursing division in October, 1914, and mobilised 
at once. A large empty house, " The Mount," 
Faversham, was offered rent free by the executors of 
the late Mr. Percy Neame and the neighbourhood 
was canvassed for promises of equipment, etc. 
Friends responded willingly, with the result that 
very little had to be bought. The hospital was 
opened on November 18th with fifty-two beds. One 
hundred and forty patients have passed through, in- 
cluding men from the Front and from local troops. 

Many contributions have been received. 

The doctors and trained nurses are all voluntary 
workers, the cooking is managed by ladies, and 
cars are freely lent for transport work. 

Commandant — Mrs. Alexander. 

Medical Officer — Dr. G. J. Evers. 

Lady Superintendent — Mrs. Withers. 

Quartermaster — Miss F. K. Crosse. 

Members. — Dorothy Alexander ; Muriel Alexander ; Eva Amos ; 
Louisa Amos ; Margaret Amos ; Olive Amos ; Alice Andrews ; 
Freda Barnett ; Annie Boorman ; Edith Brown ; El 
BurTeo ; Jessie Bushell ; Lily Cook ; Minnie Cook ; Mra. Flossie 
Cornfoot ; Miss Flossie Cornfoot ; Molly Cotterill ; Frances 
Crosse; Bertha Dengate ; Mirion Dunn; Dora Edwards; 
Emily Bills : Annie Evers ; Gladys Filmcr ; Edith Gillett ; 
Lizzie Gubbins ; I Hawkins; Eunice Holder ; Gwen 

Jenkins; Lizzie Johnson ; Eleanor Lyons; Nellie Miller; 
Ethel Murtoii ; Margaret Neame; Maud Neame; Dorothy 
Nunns; Frances Packham ; Nellie Paokham ; Hilda 
-a; N'orah Roberson ; Violet Robcrson ; Bettj 
Robins; Ethel Seward; Louisa Sherwood; Alico Smith; 
Mildred Steed ; Elsie Vinson ; Nellie Williams ; Nellie Wise. 



196 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Kent 142, Walmer, was formed in August, 
1914. On mobilisation the services of the detach- 
ment were given to Kent 22, with whom they have 
worked at St. Anselm's, Walmer. Three members 
have been lent to the temporary hospital attached 
to Kent 40, Deal. 

Commandant — Miss D. M. Lapage. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Mason. 

Lady Superintendent — Mrs. Lloyd. 

Quartermaster — Miss P. Lloyd. 

Pharmacist — Miss J. Thomas. 

Members. — Annie Balchin ; Annie Mary Bass ; Marian Bayly ; 
Mabel Blogg ; Marjorie Blogg ; Edith Ellen Bowles ; Evelyn 
Coast ; Evelyn Denne ; Grace Fletcher ; Ada Green ; 
Lilian Locke ; Muriel Lucas ; Rose Moggridge ; Beatrice 
Patterson ; Margaret Patterson ; Ena Mary Russell ; Annie 
Ryder ; Mildred Slaughter ; Gertrude Stevens ; Eva Nellie 
Todman ; Hilda Mary Todman. 



Kent 144, Wood church, was initiated at a 
meeting held in the village school, a committee 
was formed, and offers of financial help towards 
opening a hospital were made, Mrs. Somerset 
Webb acting as treasurer ; also offers of equip- 
ment and service have been received. 

Unfortunately, owing to the much-regretted 
death of the Medical Officer, Dr. Cape Doughty, 
and the consequent resignation of his widow as 
Commandant, the detachment was placed in the 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 197 

difficulty of losing its principal officers. The posts 
have been rilled as follows : — 

Commandant — Mrs. Bourne. 
Medical Officer — Dr. W. Drew Mitchell. 
Lady Superintendent — Mrs. A. Tanton. 
Quartermaster — Miss B. M. Harpur. 
Members. — Elizabeth Arthur ; Annie Baker ; Edith Bourne ; 
Mabel Bourne ; Violet Catchpole ; Eva Collick ; Maud 
Cottar ; Margery Doughty ; Mabel Goorge ; Jessie Huntley ; 
Elsie Johnston ; Jane Marshall ; Elsie Milton ; Dorothy 
Tanton ; Sarah Vincett. 

Kent 146, Broadstairs, was mobilised on 
October 14th, with some fifty voluntary workers. 

The detachment has charge of two hospitals at 
Broadstairs which are run in conjunction. " Fair- 
field," the residence of Norman Craig, Esq., M.P., 
and lent by him for the purpose of a Red Cross 
Hospital with forty beds and a small operating 
theatre ; also " Roseneath," lent by the Com- 
mittee of the Jacob Memorial Home with thirty beds. 
Various gifts have been received from residents 
in the locality. Dr. Brightman has also to perform 
the onerous duties of Joint Assistant County 
Director for No. 7 Division of Kent. 

Commandant — Mrs. Brightman. 

Medical Officers — 

Drs. Aytoun, Brightman, Pinnigee, Raven, Robins. 

Dentist — M. C. Reed. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss D. Muir. 

Quartermaster — Miss R. Masks. 

Members. — Dorothy Alfreo ; Florence Allen ; Mupiel Andrews ; 
May AthawcH ; Enid Athawea ; Gcrtrudo Austin ; Doris 



198 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Bartrum; Frances Bromfield; Phyllis Brightman; Myrtle 
Broadhead ; Emily Burnham ; Louisa Burnham ; Eva Bush ; 
Marjorie Bush ; Rosa Bush ; Jessie Caldwell ; Jean Caird ; 
Constance Chamberlain ; May Chappie ; Christine Church ; 
Esther Cornock ; Mabel Dames ; May Dacres ; Adelaide 
Daniels ; Jessie Davis ; Joy Davis ; Molly Davis ; Carol 
Denton ; Dorcas Denton ; Fanny Denton ; Maud Dennant ; 
Lilian Elsworthy ; Clara Eveling ; Mona Farrar ; Helen 
Fiske; Dorothy Forster; Kathleen Foster; Margaret Goodey ; 
Marjorie Gullick ; Jennie Hall ; Bessie Half night ; Agnes 
Harrison ; Grace Hickie ; Gertrude Inglis ; Meta lies ; Eva 
Inkster ; Nora Inkster ; Dorothy Johnson ; Frances Ken- 
drick ; Helen Langham ; Muriel Lee ; Vera Lee ; Eva Leslie ; 
Nora Lewis ; Helen Malet ; Ruth Marks ; Dolly Marsden ; 
Beatrice Matthews ; Gertrude Matthews ; Maud Maxted ; 
Irene Mockett ; Annette Moon ; Annette Moore ; Daphne 
Morton ; Lily Nicholson ; Annie Norman ; Ethel Owen ; Ada 
Parry- Jones ; Mabel Parry-Jones ; Beatrice Pascoe ; Dilys 
Pascoe ; Kate Patmore ; Dorothy Philips ; Beatrice Philipps ; 
Grace Peyton ; Dorothy Peyton ; Lizzie Pollard ; Jean 
Raven ; Olive Raven ; Muriel Robins ; Laura Romer ; 
Nellie Rolfe ; Gladys Sargent ; Alice Seager ; Edith Seaton ; 
Dorothy Shadwell ; Dorothy Shew ; Mary Snowden ; Jessie 
Stockwell ; Mabel Tice ; Edith Tomlin ; Irene Tuffill ; 
Marian Turnbull ; Ethel Vinson ; Helen Walker ; Kate 
Wallace ; Marion Waller ; Ellen Ward ; Hilda Warren ; 
Gladys White ; Daphne Wickham ; Maud Williams. 



Kent 148, Mere worth, Wateringbury, and 
West Peckham, was organised in 1913 with the 
support of Viscountess Falmouth. A hop-picking 
party, with the Hon. Pamela Boscawen, was 
conducted for some weeks in September, 1914, to 
help the cause, and on the outbreak of war the 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 199 

detachment made all arrangements for equipping 
a Rest Station, if required. 

On the opening of Kent 14 Hospital at Hayle 
Place the detachment received orders to work 
there, and for some time past have practically 
taken over the night duty, under a sister. This 
has only been made possible through the kindness 
of many friends in lending their motor-cars. 

Commandant — Miss E. Moore. 

Lady Superintendent — Nurse Keate. 

Quartermaster — Miss Swan. 

Members. — Ellen Bassett ; Annie Berney ; Elsie Blest ; Rebie 
Brooks ; Katharine Bunyard ; Lorna Bunyard ; Margaret 
Bunyard ; Cecily Burnaby- Atkins ; Millicent Burnaby- 
Atkins ; Alexina Chalmers ; Jane Clapson ; Katharine 
Champion ; Lucy Coe ; Alice Goodwin ; Beatrice Goodwin ; 
Helen Harding ; Rose Harris ; Jane Hooker ; Gwendoline 
Lemmens ; Dorothea Livett ; Lydia Lockyer ; Dorothea 
Moore ; Katharine Moore ; Mary Ongley ; Nellie Skinner ; 
Daisy Smithers ; Emily Standen ; Bertha Stone ; Dorothy 
Swan ; May Swan ; Agnes Wallas ; Ada Warnett ; Ethel 
Woollett. 



Kent 150, West Malling. On the outbreak 
of war Mailing House, West Mailing, was kindly 
offered by Mr. Percy Nevill as a V.A.D. hospital. 
In November l his house, then standing empty, was 
prepared as a hospital with fifty beds. 

Residents in l he neighbourhood responded gener- 
ously with donal ions, also with loans of equipment. 
On November 16th the first patients arrived, and 



200 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

since that date the hospital has never been empty. 
Besides men from the Expeditionary Force and 
Belgian soldiers, a great number of sick from the 
local troops have been treated. 

Three trained nurses are employed, and the 
detachment is strongly reinforced by voluntary 
helpers. 

Commandant — Mrs. C. Wingfield-Stratford. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Pope. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss Kelly. 

Quartermaster — Miss K. Hardy. 

Members. — Edith Adam ; Ethel Adam ; Doris Alston ; Rosalind 
Blackburne-Maze ; Violet Cator ; Camille Doucet ; Cicely 
Englefield ; Celia Gauntlett ; Norah Hardy ; Ellen Hayton ; 
Ruth Hayton ; Margaret Lawson ; Florence Pope ; Agnes 
Roberts ; Madge Roberts ; Isabel Rust ; Isabel Smyth ; 
Margaret Stedman ; Edith Timins ; Ada Viner ; Dorothy 
Wood ; Elsie Wood ; Marjorie Wood ; Hermione Wingfield- 
Stratford. 

Kent 152, Margate. On declaration of war 
Margate formed two detachments, with Miss M. 
Mason and Miss Inness as Commandants. Nursing 
and first aid classes were held. Wanstead Orphan 
Asylum, Margate branch, was lent by Captain 
Martin, r.n., as a hospital, with six large wards. 
A trained nurse is in charge of each ward, with 
members of the detachments under her. The 
building was opened on October 14th in conjunc- 
tion with several private houses, and 110 wounded 
Belgians were received, and from that time the 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 201 

hospital has been busy, some hundreds of patients 
having passed through it. 

Commandant — Miss M. Inness. 

Medical Officers —  

Dr. Graham Stewart and Dr. Thomson. 

Quartermaster — Miss M. Lloyd. 

Members. — Marie Baeten ; Ethel Marian Thornton Bobby ; 
Ursula Marian Thornton Bobby ; Alice Boldero ; Ida Hay 
Brighurst ; Olive Buswell ; Mary Callingham ; Beatrice 
Carter ; Helen Dorothy Clayton ; Edith Cooper ; Elwyn 
Theresa Diehl ; Louise Edwards ; Hilda Kate Gocher 
Eveling ; Lily Eveling ; Mary Finn ; Beatrice Mary Giles ; 
Ida May Godfrey ; Gertrude Mabel Godwin ; Florence 
Gower ; Frances Hadlow ; Olga Harrison ; Emily Hawkins ; 
Ethel Hews ; Phyllis Hill ; Eleanor Hobson ; Edith Horsley ; 
Annie Keble ; Mildred Lamb ; Frances Lank ; Gwendoline 
La Trobe ; Mary Elizabeth Linnington ; Grace Lusby ; 
Edith Mann ; Minnie Mandelson ; Gertrude Annie 
McLaughlin ; Mary Hilda Mills ; Marian Musto ; Ada 
Norton-Smith ; Louise Perchard ; Frances Mary Pope ; 
Gertrude Pullen ; Mabel Gainsborough Ray ; Alice 
Richards ; Dorothy Richards ; Louise Emma Rogers ; 
Annie Jane Rusholme ; Ambrosine Alicia Smithson ; Edith 
Southey ; Elsie Spurgwin ; Maud Victoria Tappenden ; 
Kate Edith Taylor ; Kathleen Taylor ; Miss Walker-Smith ; 
Emily Walton ; Florence Maud Weir-Rhodes ; Ethel Willett. 

Kent 154, Tunbridge Wells. Red Cross work 
originated under the guidance of Miss L. Kemball, 
with lectures given by Dr. Thurlow, who under- 
took the training of the members. The detachment 
was eventually formed at a meeting held at the 
Grange, when Mrs. Rogers presided as temporary 
Commandant, Mr. II. Kemball acting as secretary 
and Mr. S. II. Leeder as treasurer. 

N 2 



202 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

The difficulty of obtaining a house suitable for 
a hospital was overcome by friends of the cause, 
who desire to remain anonymous, taking Rust 
Hall for five years, and giving the detachment 
use of the same with eventual accommodation 
for fifty beds. The present Commandant was 
unanimously elected, Mr. Scott Blair undertook 
the care of the accounts and Mr. H. M. Caley gave 
assistance with the care and management of the 
buildings. Mr. C. Bruce Aitken is honorary solicitor. 

Commandant — Miss Rachel M. Ard. 

Medical Officers — 

Dr. W. C. Aylward, Dr. B. L. Thurlow. 

Lady Superintendent — Miss Hodgson. 

Quartermaster — Miss L. Kemball. 

Members. — Grace Aitken ; Harriet Aitken ; Isabel Barlow ; 
Alice Mordaunt Barnard ; Mary Bolton ; Kate Bridger ; 
Alice Bromley ; Annette B. Brooks ; Alice Brown ; Con- 
stance Caley ; Marjorie Cass ; Louisa Perceval Clarke ; 
Isoline Cook ; Beatrice Cook-Hayne ; Mary Coomber ; Ethel 
Cox ; Caroline Craddock ; Gwendoline Cressey ; Louisa 
Eliza Crossfield ; Mabel De Mattos ; Rhoda Mary Draper ; 
Hetty Forbes - Adam ; Lilian M. Foss ; Annie Grier ; 
Frederica H. Hammond ; Margaret Harding ; Edith Harris ; 
Mary Hartley ; Daisy Harvey ; Isobel Haynes ; Agnes Hoare ; 
Mary Hollamby ; Edith Hudson ; Elmira Kemball ; Emma 
Keys ; Alice Lambart ; Lucy Evelyn Leeder ; Amy Lees ; 
Eveleen Lees ; Florence Lees ; Ethel Littlewood ; Anna 
McClean ; Nona McFarlane ; Florence Maunder ; Daisy 
Mercer ; Florrie Mercer ; Ella Mitchell ; Ella Morgan ; 
Lilian A. M. Morse ; Elizabeth Nevill ; Violet Overton ; 
Anne Page ; Mary Panwick ; Maud Pilkington ; Mary C. 
Pooley ; Florence Maud Poulter ; Evelyn Prescott ; Ellen 
Price ; Seagram Richardson ; Myddleton Verna Rogers ; 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 203 

Mabel Sargeaunt ; Louisa M. Scattergood ; Lydia Ann 
Shepherd ; Catherine Sheppard ; Helen Shipton- Green ; 
Alice Smith ; Hon. Mary Sommerville ; Hon. Florence 
Starmer ; Agnes Stephenson ; Margaret Stephenson ; 
Emma Kate Stevens ; Myma Symons ; Naomi Tabuteau ; 
Ida Taunton ; Gertrude Taylor ; Ethel Templer ; Grace 
Thompson ; Margaret Thorn ; Dorothea Tottenham ; Jane 
Turner ; Harriett Vaughan ; Katherine Waddilove ; Elene 
Waddilove ; Marjorie Wade ; Una Watson ; Margaret 
Wilde ; Rose Withers ; Mary Wontner ; Doris Wynne. 

Kent 156, Hawkhurst, was initiated shortly 
after the declaration of war, both women's and 
men's detachments being formed. Lectures and 
practices were held. On October 14th, 1914, 
mobilisation took place, and " Lillesden Park," 
kindly lent by Mr. and Mrs. Loyd, was opened 
as a hospital with Belgian wounded. The present 
hospital is " Oakfield." 

The equipment was almost entirely supplied by 
local residents. 

During the earlier stages Mrs. Braybrooke and 

Mrs. Gubbins acted as Commandants, and, with 

the late Dr. Young, rendered valuable assistance. 

Commandant — H. M. Braybrooke. 

Medical Officer — Dr. Stead. 

Lady Superintendent — Sister IIolley. 

Quartermaster — Mrs. Ross-Thomson. 

Members. — Olive Braybrooke ; Isabel Butt-Gow ; Amy Chat- 
field ; Gladys Cyster ; Florence Davis ; Hilda Delves ; 
Madge Edwards ; Mary Foster ; Edith Gormon ; Alice 
Hayward ; Violot Heath ; Edith Jenner ; Lily Kemp ; 
Elsie Monnie ; Ellen Morris ; Fanny Morris ; Kato Pannett ; 
Katharino Percy ; Mary Persso ; Freda Ross-Thomson ; 



204 WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 

Mabel Santer ; Cicely Slaughter ; Dorothy Slaughter ; 
Alice Springett ; Frank Springett ; Helen Springett ; 
Adelaide Stead ; Selina Ussher ; Evelyn Vaughan- Jenkins ; 
Frances Williams ; Florence Wilson ; Marjorie Young. 

Kent 158, Bexley Heath, was raised in August, 
1914. The detachment commenced work in Octo- 
ber, when the first convoy of wounded Belgians 
was received. 

The detachment is particularly fortunate in 
possessing the services of two trained nurses, who 
give their assistance quite voluntarily : Miss M. 
Bartlett and Mrs. S. J. Weston, who is Matron of 
the West Kent Nursing Home, the hospital of the 
detachment. 

Commandant and Medical Officer — 

Dr. O. Sunderland. 

Lady Superintendent — Mrs. M. A. Cotsell. 

Quartermaster — Miss W. A. R. Tyrer. 

Members. — Ursula Adams ; Florence Berlyn ; Marion Cane ; 
Alma Chaffey ; Emily Crowe ; Edith Harston ; Ellen 
Hunnisett ; Alice Jenkins ; Bessie Jenkins ; Edith Jones ; 
Helen Jones ; Una Lidington ; Hilda Reeves ; Mabel Rix ; 
Hilda R,obinson ; Alix Russell ; Edith Snowden ; Phoebe 
Windridge. 



'o 



Kent 160. The Willesborough Women's V.A.D. 
began its existence in August, 1914 ; the Rev. 
F. T. Gregg, m.a., Superintendent of the St. John 
Ambulance Brigade, Willesborough, being the 
chief mover in its formation. 

When the V.A.D. were mobilised it was very 
soon found that a contingent of Kent 48 could be 



WORK OF THE DETACHMENTS 205 

of great assistance at the Temporary Hospital, 
Ashford ; and in consequence this detachment 
acts in that capacity, its services there being 
greatly appreciated. 

Commandant — Miss Fanny M. Pledge. 
Lady Superintendent — Mrs. Sims. 

Members. — Lilian Brake ; Evelyn Devereux-Fleet ; Annie 
Garner ; Lilian Holdstock ; Edith Holley ; Esther Home- 
wood ; Anna Lilley ; Kathleen Pilcher ; Gertrude Ruck ; 
Mabel Tomlin ; Alice Wildash ; Mary Wiles. 

Recruits. — Edith Berry ; Betty Brake ; Milly Elizabeth Brett ; 
Mabel Buss ; Evelyn Capeling ; Edith Capeling ; May 
Coleman ; Gladys Chapman ; Maggie Crust ; Alice M. 
Down ; Anah Dines ; Mary Evans ; Rose Harmer ; 
Minnie Hodges ; Florence Hills ; Elsie Hills ; Louisa Hyland ; 
Kathleen Merry ; Amy Clara Nicholls ; Alice Elizabeth 
Noad ; Beatrice Sarkissyan ; Elizabeth Scott ; Jessie 
Stark ; Lilian Swinerd ; Muriel Thomas ; Muriel Thompson ; 
Mary White ; Florence Wilde. 

Kent 162, Beckenham. 

Commandant — Mrs. 11. H. Hurlbatt. 

Medical Officer— Dr. Curtis. 
Quartermaster — Miss Clara Klaber. 

Members. — Florence Aires; Breta Bakewell ; Dorothy Bishop; 
Marguerite Bluen; Rita Boot; Dorothy Buck; Winifred Carey; 
Adelaide Cleveland ; Muriel Coleman ; Clare Curtis ; Grace 
Davis; Kathleen Dawes ; Maude Derek ; Bessie Drughorn ; 
Nellie Eastwood; rhyllis Fawel; Elsio Firmin; Gertrude 
Firmin; Muriel Grose; Elsie Harvey; Margaret Ingram; 
Evelyn Lenanton ; Mary Livingstone ; Amy Mania 
Mary Moreland ; Annie Moser ; Julia Mumford ; Liliun 
Munn ; Rose Neilson; Vera l'ortrr ; A. Rogors ; Dora 
Rogers; Leslie Sambrook , Freda Smith ; Marjorie Soldi; 
Winifred Sykes ; Johanna Vollers ; Doris Walker : Ethel 
W.;bb. 



HEADQUARTERS 

Thanks to the kindness and self-sacrifice of Mrs. 
Yolland these are still at No. 53 Bromley Common. 
As stated elsewhere Dr. Cotton acted as County 
Director most capably until his much-regretted 
breakdown in health in August, 1914, when Lord 
Darnley accepted the position of County Director 
and carried on the duties admirably in close com- 
munication with the Chief of Staff. In January, 
1915, Lord Darnley was ordered by his physician 
to take a thorough rest, and Dr. Yolland became 
Acting County Director until his Lordship's return 
on May 1st, 1915. The work has progressed con- 
tinuously and every difficulty has been overcome : 
all arrangements for future contingencies are com- 
plete to the last detail. 

Mr. ('.. Stanley Pond has acted throughout as 
private secretary to Dr. Yolland, and has helped 
him in the organisation; Mr. Paul Creswick has 
been enabled, through the generosity of the 
Prudential Assurance Co., Ltd., to perform the 
interesting duties of chief transport officer for the 
whole county. 

207 



208 HEADQUARTERS 

The Kent County Committee, to whom so much 
is due, is constituted as follows : 

President : 

fTHE Marchioness Camden, Bayham Abbey, Lamber- 

hurst, Kent. 

Vice-Presidents : 
-j-Lady Northcote, Eastwell Park, Ashford. 
f*LoRD Harris, Belmont, Faversham. 

County Committee : 

Mrs. Walter Hay, Manor House, Sevenoaks. 

fMRS. A. C. Norman, The Rookery, Bromley Common. 

-j-*Charles M. Hilder, Esq., Kirkella, Sevenoaks. 

The Hon. Mrs. Ward, Squerryes Court, Westerham. 

Rev. Canon Arnott, f.r.c.s., The Rectory, Becken- 
ham. 

*j-Lady Bower, The Grange, Chislehurst. 

The Hon. P. Bowes-Lyon, Skeynes Park, Edenbridge. 

Mrs. Preston, Moncks Orchard, West Wickham. 

f*ARTHUR N. Lubbock, Esq., The Bassetts, Farn- 
borough. 

Louisa, Lady Cohen, Highfield, Shoreham. 

f*J. W. Wheeler-Bennett, Esq., Ravensbourne, 
Keston. * 

-j-*Kenneth E. Chalmers, Esq., Blackbrook, Bickley. 

f*R. Leonard Powell, Esq., Heatherbank, Chisle- 
hurst. 

-j-Mrs. Hoyle, 24, Park Place, Gravesend. 

fSiR Gilbert Parker, Bart., m.p., 20, Carlton House 
Terrace, London, S.W. 



HEADQUARTERS 209 

The Countess of Darnley, Cobham Hall, Cobham, 
Kent. 

Mrs. E. L. Tomlin, Angley Park, Cranbrook. 

fMRS. Cornwallis, Linton Park, Maidstone. 

Mrs. R. H. Style, Boxley House, Maidstone. 

fMRS. D'Aytgdor Goldsmid, Somerhill, Tonbridge. 

Viscountess Hardinge, South Park, Penshurst. 

Mrs. Julian, The Old Rectory, Milstead, near Sitting- 
bourne. 

The Earl of Westmorland, Woodstock Park, 
Sittingbourne. 

Mrs. Strang-Steel, The Moat, Charing. 

Mrs. Thornton Down, Spearpoint, Kennington, 
Ashford. 

Lord Rothermere, Hempstead Park, Benenden. 

fMRS. Barham, Hole Park, Rolvenden. 

Major Powell-Cotton, Quex Park, Birchington. 

Colonel E. T. Buttanshaw, Marshview, Hillcrest 
Road, Hythe. 

|Lady Dorothy Ruggles Brise, Hj^the. 

A. Randall-Davis, Esq., m.r.c.s., Oaklands, Hythe. 

Lieutenant-Colonel S. E. Pratt, i.m.s., Under- 
ledge, Hythe. 

Lady Seager Hunt, 11, Royal Crescent, Ramsgate. 

jLady Rose Weigall, Ramsgate. 

Mrs. Murray Smith, Westcliff House, Ramsgate. 

Mrs. Prescott-Westcar, Strode Park, Heme. 

•j-Lady George Hamilton, Deal Castle, Deal. 

Lady Parker, 20, Carlton House Terrace. London, S.W. 

Mrs. Randall-Da yidson, Lambeth Palace, London. 

fW. R. FlTZHUGH, Esq., Howitts, Ashford. 

■fDft. Cotton, Briarfield, Canterbury. 

fDii. Prideaux Selby, Teynham, Kent. 



210 HEADQUARTERS 

fA. Leon Adutt, Esq., Chelsea Lodge, Margate. 
Colonel Sinclair, Barming House, Maidstone. 
f*T. Pawley, Esq., 14, Rodway Road, Bromley. 
f*LoRD Darnley, Cobham Hall, Cobham, Kent. 
t*F. Schooling, Esq., Hollydene, Bromley. 
Colonel Streatfield, Marlborough House. 
D'Avigdor Goldsmid, Esq., Somerhill, Tonbridge. 
fTHE Mayor of Margate (Alderman Booth Reeve), 

Town Hall, Margate. 
f*GEO. Croll, Esq., Millfield, Chislehurst. 
-j-*Geo. Marsham, Esq., Hayle College, Maidstone. 
fW. R. Bruce-Culver, Esq., Hope House, Gravesend. 

Ex-Officio : 
Hon. Secretary and Treasurer : Dr. J. H. Yolland, 
53 Bromley Common. 

Those whose names are marked f form the Executive Com- 
mittee under the Chairmanship of Lord Darnley, the County 
Director. 

All those marked with a * are Members of the Finance 
Committee, under the Chairmanship of Mr. J. W. Wheeler- 
Bennett. 

The Assistant County Directors have dealt 
promptly with all local matters and are allocated 
thus : 

Division I. Dr. Allan, Chislehurst ; Dr. Sterry, 
Sevenoaks. 
II. Dr. Skinner, Strood. 
III. Surgeon-Colonel T. Joyce, M.D., 
Cranbrook; Dr. Tra vers, Maidstone. 
Dr. Watson, Tunbridge Wells. 



HEADQUARTERS 211 

IV. Dr. Prideaux Selby, Sittingbourne. 

V. Captain Brandreth Gibbs, Hastings. 
VI. Dr. T. Vernon Dodd, Folkestone. 
VII. Dr. Frank Brightman, Broadstairs ; 
Surgeon- General F. H. Benson, 
Walmer. 

The County Secretary is Mr. W. R. Bruce-Culver, 
who, like the Divisional Secretaries, Mr. Alfred 
Pope, Mrs. Bruce- Culver, Mr. Walter Neve and 
Dr. J. P. Henderson, have found plenty to do. The 
county architect and surveyor, Mr. Granville 
Streatfield, has been of great service. Mr. P. H. 
Ashton has rendered considerable assistance at 
headquarters, and, with Messrs. A. Pope, W. W. 
Gomer, C. D. Quint, Herbert Gurney Smith, 
Evelyn Gurney Smith, R. Gilliard and other 
voluntary workers, has made the heavy detail 
work each day possible of accomplishment. To 
Dr. E. J. H. Midwinter, Dr. Kirby and Dr. R. A. 
Shannon sincere acknowledgment is made of much 
unselfish and valuable help. Mr. T. Pawley, the 
committee's financial adviser, has had charge of the 
County Red Cross stores in East Street, Bromley, 
and has conducted these, in conjunction witli Miss 
Pawley, with success. 

Cordial thanks are here expressed to Messrs. 
Kemp, Sons, Sendcll and Co., for acting as 
Honorary Auditors, and to the Misses Shafto of 



212 HEADQUARTERS 

Market Square, Bromley, for having undertaken, 
free of all cost, the whole of the typing for head- 
quarters. 

To all those ladies and gentlemen who have so 
self-denyingly placed their motor-cars at the dis- 
posal of the Chief of Staff his very warm acknow- 
ledgments are now made. One and all in Kent, 
from first to last, have been most generous and 
public-spirited in assisting the County in its great 
and successful crusade on behalf of those who 
have fought so splendidly for all that is best in 
the British Empire. 



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